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Ancient Arabia. Reference pages 372-378. The Empty Quarter: The world’s largest continuous body of sand. Some parts have no rain for 10 years or more. It is located on the Arabian peninsula. The Arabian Peninsula.

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ancient arabia

Ancient Arabia

Reference pages 372-378

The Empty Quarter: The world’s largest continuous body of sand. Some parts have no rain for 10 years or more. It is located on the Arabian peninsula.

the arabian peninsula
The Arabian Peninsula

Desert stretches over the Arabian peninsula. Water is found only at oases. Not all of Arabia is dry. In the southwest, enough rain falls to support plant life. To survive, Arabs formed into clans and tribes who were loyal to one another. The tribes head was called a sheikh.

the middle east
The Middle East

Egypt- J

Oman- L

Yemen- N

Persian Gulf- D

Iran- A

Saudi Arabia- F

Arabian Sea- Q

Syria- R

Israel- E

Turkey- H

Caspian Sea- G

Red Sea- K

Jordan- P

United Arab Emirates- M

Mediterranean Sea- I

Kuwait- B

Iraq - C

who are the bedouins
Who are the Bedouins?
  • Desert herders
  • Traveled from oases to oases to water and graze their camels, goats, and sheep
  • Lived in tents
  • Ate dried fruits and nuts
  • Drank milk from their animals
  • Ate meat rarely – animals were much too valuable
the city of makkah mecca
The City of Makkah (Mecca)
  • By about A.D. 500, Arabian merchants handled most trade between India and the Mediterranean Sea.
  • As their trade grew, Arab merchants found towns along the trade routes.
  • Makkah became the largest and the richest of them all.
  • It was a crossroads for merchants, and was an important religious site.
  • The holiest place in Arabia was in this city…
a great stone from heaven
A Great Stone from Heaven…
  • Located inside of the Kaaba
  • Pilgrims, people who travel to a holy place, flocked to Makkah.
  • Early Arabians were polytheistic.
  • The most important god was Allah, the creator.
muhammad islam s prophet
Muhammad: Islam’s Prophet

The prophet Muhammad brought the message of Islam to the people of Arabia after meditating in the hills..

Islam means “surrendering to the will of Allah.”

Allah is the Arabic word for “God.”

Muhammad preached that all people are equal and that the rich should share their goods. This message was well received in Makkah, where most people lived humbly.

the city of makkah
The city of Makkah
  • Birthplace of Muhammad
  • Muhammad married a wealthy widow and merchant, Khadija.
  • This marriage gave Muhammad wealth and respect in the busy city of Makkah.
  • Makkah attracted many merchants because it was on the main trading route.
  • This city also attracted visitors because of the Kaaba, Makkah’s temple.
opposition to islam pg 375
Opposition to Islam(pg. 375)

1. Who do you think opposed Muhammad’s message and why?

  • Why did Muhammad and his followers leave Makkah in A.D. 622?
  • Why is the year A.D. 622 significant to Muslims?
  • What does the city Madinah mean?
  • Describe Muhammad’s government.
islam s teachings
Islam’s Teachings
  • The Quran provided guidelines for Muslims’ lives and the governments of Muslim states.
the five pillars
The Five Pillars

1. Muslims must declare that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is his prophet.

2. Muslims must pray five times per day facing toward the holy city of Makkah/Mecca.

3. Muslims must give to the poor.

4. Muslims must not eat from dawn to dusk during the holy month of Ramadan.

5. Muslims must visit Makkah/Mecca once in their life.



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