External Operations Experience Update: Heat Illness Prevention Department of Energy Operating Experience Work Group September 9, 2014 Larry Stirling, Office of Analysis (AU-23)
Heat Illness Prevention • What is Heat Illness? • During hot weather, especially with high humidity, sweating isn't enough to cool the body. • Body temperature can rise to dangerous levels if precautions are not taken such as drinking water frequently and resting in the shade or air conditioning. • Heat illnesses range from heat rash and heat cramps to heat exhaustion and heat stroke. Heat stroke requires immediate medical attention and can result in death.
Heat Illness Prevention • Provide workers with water, rest and shade; • gradually increase workloads and allow more frequent breaks for new workers or workers who have been away for a week or more to build a tolerance for working in the heat (acclimatization); • modify work schedules as necessary; • plan for emergencies and train workers about the symptoms of heat-related illnesses and their prevention; • and monitor workers for signs of illness.
Heat Illness Prevention • To prevent heat related illness and fatalities: • Drink water every 15 minutes, even if you are not thirsty. • Rest in the shade to cool down. • Wear a hat and light-colored clothing. • Learn the signs of heat illness and what to do in an emergency. • Keep an eye on fellow workers. • "Easy does it" on your first days of work in the heat. You need to get used to it.
Heat Illness Prevention • OSHA’s Heat Illness Prevention Campaign • Aims to raise awareness and teach workers and employers • Partnership with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) National Weather Service to include worker safety precautions in their Excessive Heat Watch, Warning, and Advisory Products.
Heat Illness Prevention • Educational Resources section links to information about heat illnesses and how to prevent them. Many of these resources target vulnerable workers with limited English proficiency and/or low literacy. • Using the Heat Index section provides guidance to employers to develop a heat illness prevention plan. • Training section includes a guide/lesson plan for employers and others to use in instructing workers on heat illness. There are links to additional resources in other languages.
Heat Illness Prevention • Online Toolkit section includes news releases, public service announcements (PSAs), drop-in articles about heat illness prevention that you can customize to share and campaign artwork. • Fatality Map shows locations of outdoor worker, heat-related fatalities between 2008 and 2012. It is not an exhaustive list of all worker fatalities from heat exposure. • Educational Resources • https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/heatillness/edresources.html
Heat Illness Prevention • Illustrated Fact Sheets • Construction and Agriculture: Available in English (PDF*) and en español (PDF*)** • Oil & Gas and Construction: Available in English (PDF*) and en español (PDF*)** • Worksite Poster
Heat Illness Prevention Worksite Poster Educational Poster to be used for training on heat illness symptoms and prevention. Available in English (PDF) and en español (PDF)
Heat Illness Prevention • Community Poster • Awareness poster with heat illness prevention messages and OSHA contact information. • Available in English (PDF*) and en español (PDF*)**
Heat Illness Prevention • OSHA Heat Illness Prevention Training Guide • Guide to carry out heat safety training, with lesson plans (tailgate or toolbox talks). • Available in English (PDF*) and en español (PDF*)
Heat Illness Prevention • Using the Heat Index: A Guide for Employers • Guide to planning for heat at the workplace and taking precautions based on heat index. • Available in English (PDF) and en español (PDF)
Heat Illness Prevention • Heat Stress Quick Card™ • Small, double-sided card to learn what precautions to take. • Available in English (PDF), en español (PDF) and in Vietnamese (PDF)
Heat Illness Prevention • Outreach Wallet Card • Two-sided business card with message on one side and heat illness symptoms on the other. QR Code links to OSHA Heat Illness Prevention Website to access more materials. • Can be kept in wallet to use in event of an emergency and great to hand out at worksites. • Available in English (PDF) and en español (PDF) and NEWem português (PDF)
Heat Illness Prevention • OSHA's Heat Smartphone App • App calculates heat index for current location and provides guidance to prevent illness.
Heat Illness Prevention • Additional Resources for Workers and Employers • OSHA Fact Sheet: Protecting Workers from the Effects of Heat Fact Sheet (PDF*) • OSHA-NIOSH Heat Illness Info Sheet: Protecting Workers from Heat Illness (PDF*) • OSHA Safety and Health Topics Page: Occupational Heat Exposure
Heat Illness Prevention • National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Fast Facts: Protecting Yourself From Heat Stress (2010, April) • National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Workplace Safety and Health Topic: Heat Stress • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about Extreme Heat
Heat Illness Prevention • National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service Heat Index • Cal/OSHA Webpage: California Campaign to Protect Outdoor Workers From Heat Illness • Cal/OSHA, Division of Occupational Safety and Health (DOSH) Webpage: Heat Illness Prevention
Contact Information: Larry Stirling Office of Analysis (AU-23) 202-586-2417 email@example.com