Moving Toward Independence. 1775-1776. Second Continental Congress. May 10, 1775 Second Continental Congress meets. Again in Philadelphia, same building. New Leaders Emerge Many members from the First Continental Congress returned, and new members arrived. Benjamin Franklin.
May 10, 1775 Second Continental Congress meets. Again in Philadelphia, same building
An attempt to reconcile with Great Britain.
Rejected by George III
January 1776, Paine wrote a pamphlet called “Common Sense” which advocated independence.
Late in 1775 American forces launched a two pronged attack into Canada.
Traveling north from Fort Ticonderoga, his men were able to seize Montreal.
Traveling through the Maine Wilderness the route was much longer and more difficult.
Attacking during a blizzard on December 31, the assault fell short. Montgomery was killed, Arnold wounded.
Taking command of the Americans, Daniel Morgan led a skillful defense so the Americans could be saved.
British general William Howe controlled Boston. Washington wanted to drive him out. But he did not have the artillery to do it.
A former bookseller, Knox came up with the idea of transporting cannon from Fort Ticonderoga to Boston.
Knox transports 55 guns from Ticonderoga. Howe evacuates Boston to Halifax, Nova Scotia.
Reasons for Caution
Reasons for Independence
Captured soldiers treated as prisoners
Patriot government could confiscate goods
Better chance of getting foreign aid
June 7, 1776, Richard Henry Lee presents a resolution for Independence.
June 11, five man committee is formed to write the document:
Jefferson youngest at 32 and is tasked with the writing.
The committee goes over the document.
Lee’s resolution is formally adopted July 2.
July 3: Document discussed and formally adopted.
July 4, 1776, Declaration is formally adopted.
First to sign
So large so George III can read his name without spectacles.
July 8, Philadelphia
July 9, read to
Now the Continental Army had something to fight for.