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Camp Hantesa Ecosystem Needs Assessment. Presented by: Michael Edwards, Brendan Kelly, Mike Thompson, & Casey Hawes. www.hantesa.com. Introduction. Jungst & Sons Consultants. J. &. S. Jungst. Outline. Intoduction Current conditions Desired future conditions Management actions Summary

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camp hantesa ecosystem needs assessment

Camp Hantesa Ecosystem Needs Assessment

Presented by: Michael Edwards, Brendan Kelly, Mike Thompson, & Casey Hawes

www.hantesa.com

outline
Outline
  • Intoduction
  • Current conditions
  • Desired future conditions
  • Management actions
  • Summary
  • Conclusion
general information
General Information
  • Member of Campfire Association
  • Summer camp since 1919
  • Four season recreational facility
  • 144 total acres
  • 100.4 forested acres
topographic map of camp hantesa
Topographic Map of Camp Hantesa

www.terraserver.micrsoft.com

purpose
Purpose
  • Assess current: conditions wildlife habitat unit values (HUV), woodland quality (WQR), recreation, & oak regeneration.
  • Emphases:
    • 1) recreation
    • 2) enhancement of native oak
goals objectives
Goals & Objectives
  • Goals
    • Enhance native oak component
    • Increase passive and active recreation
  • Objectives
    • Increase basal area by 25% within 20 years
    • Improve recreation by 35% throughout forested area by 2025
methods
Methods
  • Systematic sampling of 100.4 acres
  • 48 plots
    • Fixed radius
    • Point sampling
  • Assessment of factors critical to recreation, HUV, oak regeneration, & woodland quality.
wildlife habitat unit value huv
Wildlife Habitat Unit Value (HUV)
  • Assessed for
    • 1) tree squirrels
    • 2) forest game (white-tailed deer and wild turkey)
  • Factors assessed: food, cover, water, reproduction, weather, & human disturbance.
  • Average

1) Tree Squirrels HUV=5.6 points

2) Forest game HUV=5.3 points

habitat unit value huv
Habitat Unit Value (HUV)

Source: Flood, Sangster, Sparrowe, Baskett 1977

woodland quality rating wqr
Woodland Quality Rating (WQR)
  • Provides generalized idea of health for wooded area.
  • Primary factors: diversity, structure, fidelity, & introduced species.
wqr scale
WQR Scale
  • Average of 11.5 WQR points

Source: Norris 1995

tree regeneration
Tree Regeneration
  • No advanced oak regeneration found.
  • Large canopy prohibits understory growth.
recreational current conditions
Recreational Current Conditions
  • Area assessed for General Hiking, Primitive Camping, Wildlife Observation, & Horseback Riding.
  • Evaluation based on “Guidelines for Understanding and Determining Optimum Recreation Carrying Capacity (RCC)”. Source: (The Urban Research Development Corporation, 1977)
general hiking
General Hiking
  • Average capacity 14.1 groups/mile
primitive camping
Primitive Camping
  • Average capacity of 27 Acres/campsite
horseback riding
Horseback Riding
  • Average capacity of 5.9 groups/mile
wildlife observation
Wildlife Observation
  • Average capacity of 3.3 people/acre
desired future conditions1
Desired Future Conditions
  • Create areas of recreation throughout forested land having little/ no impact upon landscape.
  • Increase oak seedlings
  • Increase total oak population
guiding principles
Guiding Principles
  • Ecological: Humans inseparable from ecosystem.
  • Social: Human, physical, & biological ecosystem relationships are natural & intertwined.
  • Economic: Non-market & market goods based on human values.

Source: (Kaufmann et. al. 1992; Salwasser & Pfister 1993; Task Force 1994)

filtration process
Filtration Process

All Possible Management Actions

Guiding Principles

Feasible Management Actions

recreational management actions
Recreational Management Actions
  • Installation of recreational facilities based upon plots with highest recreational carrying capacity.
    • Three campsites
    • Wildlife observation area
    • General hiking trail
    • Horseback riding trail
oak management actions through thinning
Oak Management Actions Through Thinning
  • Removal of specified species
  • Thinning overstory opens canopy for seedlings
  • Removal of undesirable oaks (UGS) post regeneration
continued
Continued
  • Removal of basswood, ash, iron wood, hard maple.
    • Opens canopy
    • Reduces competition
    • Increase of oak sprouting potential
cost benefit of thinning present day
Cost & Benefit of Thinning:Present Day
  • Cost
    • 2 Fellers at 4 hours/Acre
    • $40/hour
  • Benefit
    • $165/cord of firewood
benefits example equation
Benefits Example Equation

Thinning for basswood, ash, hardwood maple, & ironwood

1,100 cu ft/Acre/128 cu ft = 9 cords/Acre

9 cords/Acre x $165/cord= $1,500/Acre

100.4 Acres x $1,500/Acre= $150,600 total

calculation of cost of thinning
Calculation of Cost of Thinning

2 Fellers x $40/hour x 4 hours/Acre = $320/Acre

$320/Acre x 100.4 Acres= $32,000 total cost

present benefit cost ratio
Present Benefit/Cost Ratio

$150,600 benefit / $32,000 cost=

4.70 Benefit/Cost Ratio

For every dollar invested there will be a return of $4.70.

Net revenue= $119,000

cost of recreation
Cost of Recreation
  • Heavy chainsaw work
    • $40/ hour x 4 people= $160/ hour
    • $160/ hour x 80 hours= $12,800 total
  • Heavy hand cutting
    • $35/ hour x 4 people= $140/ hour
    • $140/ hour x 80 hours= $11,200 total
  • Total cost
    • $11,200 + $12,800= $24,000 total cost
thinning net revenue recreation costs
Thinning Net Revenue & Recreation Costs
  • Thinning net revenue
    • $119,000
  • Recreation Costs
    • $24,000
  • $119,000 - $24,000= $95,000 total net revenue
evaluation and adaptation of decisions
Evaluation and Adaptation of Decisions
  • Observe changes every 5 years
  • Make adjustment in plan if necessary
  • Re-evaluate conditions after 20 year period
emphases objectives
Emphases & Objectives
  • Emphases
    • Enhance native oak component
    • Increase passive and active recreation
  • Objectives
    • Increase basal area by 25% within 20 years
    • Improve recreation by 35% throughout forested area by 2025
desired rcc future conditions
Desired RCC Future Conditions
  • Create areas of recreation throughout the forested land that will have little to no impact upon the landscape.
desired oak future conditions
Desired Oak Future Conditions
  • Increase oak seedlings
  • Increase total oak population
rcc management recommendations
RCC Management Recommendations
  • Creation of recreational activities based upon plots with highest recreational carrying capacity
    • Three campsites
    • Wildlife observation area
    • General hiking trail
    • Horseback riding trail
oak management recommendations
Oak Management Recommendations
  • Periodic removal of specified species
  • Thinning overstory opens canopy for seedlings
  • Removal of undesirable oaks (UGS) post regeneration
management effects
Management Effects
  • Increased oak population
  • Increased oak regeneration
  • Improvement of recreational carrying capacity
  • Alternate source of income from new recreational opportunities and timber harvest
  • Optimal land use
conclusions1
Conclusions
  • Camp Hantesa provides many opportunities for the public.
  • Maximized land usage and benefits provided with implementation of recommendations