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Metric measurements. Converting Metric Units The metric system has prefix modifiers that are multiples of 10. A kilometer is 1000 meters A hectometer is 100 meters A decameter is 10 meters A meter is the basic unit of length A decimeter is 1/10 meter A centimeter is 1/100 meter

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metric measurements

Metric measurements

Converting Metric Units The metric system has prefix modifiers that are multiples of 10.

A kilometer is 1000 meters

A hectometer is 100 meters

A decameter is 10 meters

A meter is the basic unit of length

A decimeter is 1/10 meter

A centimeter is 1/100 meter

A millimeter is 1/1000 meter

As we move down the units, the next unit is one tenth as long. As we move upward, each unit is 10 times as long. One hundred millimeters, which is 1/10 meter (100/1000=1/10) are larger than one centimeter (1/100th meter).

slide3
Mass – the amount of matter in an object
  • Measured in kilograms
  • Measured using a balance
mass measurements
Mass measurements

Converting between Metric Units of Mass

The metric system has prefix modifiers that are multiples of 10.

A kilogram is 1000 grams

A hectogram is 100 grams

A decagram is 10 grams

A gram is the basic unit of mass

A decigram is 1/10 gram

A centigram is 1/100 gram

A milligram is 1/1000 gram

As we move down the units, the next unit is one tenth as heavy. As we move upward, each unit is 10 times as heavy. One hundred milligrams, which is 1/10 gram (100/1000=1/10) are heavier than one centigram (1/100th gram).

volume measurements
Volume measurements
  • Converting Metric Volume UnitsThe metric system has prefix modifiers that are multiples of 10.
  • A kiloliter is 1000 liters
  • A hectoliter is 100 liters
  • A decaliter is 10 liters
  • A liter is the basic unit of volume
  • A deciliter is 1/10 liter
  • A centiliter is 1/100 liter
  • A milliliter is 1/1000 liter
measuring volume
Measuring volume
  • Volume of a solid = Length x Width x Height.
  • Volume of a liquid = pour the liquid into a graduated cylinder and measure across the meniscus.