the use of bluetooth technology in medical applications n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
THE USE OF BLUETOOTH TECHNOLOGY IN MEDICAL APPLICATIONS PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
THE USE OF BLUETOOTH TECHNOLOGY IN MEDICAL APPLICATIONS

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 50

THE USE OF BLUETOOTH TECHNOLOGY IN MEDICAL APPLICATIONS - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 159 Views
  • Uploaded on

UAE University College of Engineering Graduation Project I. THE USE OF BLUETOOTH TECHNOLOGY IN MEDICAL APPLICATIONS. Group Members: Mohamad Al-Mourad 200001516 Fahem Zeid Ali Alwan 200000097 Mohammed Suhail 199900257 Abdulla AlAli 199900315 Supervisor: Dr. Mousa Hussein .

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'THE USE OF BLUETOOTH TECHNOLOGY IN MEDICAL APPLICATIONS' - marjorie


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
the use of bluetooth technology in medical applications

UAE University

College of Engineering

Graduation Project I

THE USE OF BLUETOOTH TECHNOLOGY IN MEDICAL APPLICATIONS

Group Members:

Mohamad Al-Mourad 200001516

Fahem Zeid Ali Alwan 200000097

Mohammed Suhail 199900257

Abdulla AlAli 199900315

Supervisor:

Dr. Mousa Hussein

overview
Overview
  • Introduction
  • Bluetooth Main Characteristics
  • Selecting the Application
  • System Integration
  • Market Review
  • Sensor Module
  • Microcontroller Module
  • Bluetooth Module
  • Standards
  • GPII Plan
  • Conclusion
introduction
Introduction
  • Project Objectives
    • Make a continuous medical monitoring system using the Bluetooth wireless technology
    • It gives indications and warnings to the user while he/she is practicing his/her normal life
introduction1
Introduction
  • Project Benefits
    • To those who suffer from heart diseases
    • Can be used in hospitals to give readings on patients’ health
    • Gives a deeper view to physicians
    • Effective to athletes
    • The system could be extended to include the O2%,blood pressure, or body temperature.
bluetooth main characteristics
Bluetooth Main Characteristics
  • Bluetooth Objective:
    • Replaces wires between devices
    • Be more for personal use
  • Bluetooth Features:
    • High data rate
    • Multi point Communication
    • High security
    • Connection to portable devices
selecting the application
Selecting the Application
  • Field Visits
    • RAKCC
    • Sport Department - UAEU
    • American Hospital – Dubai
selecting the application1
Selecting the Application
  • Industrial
  • Agricultural
  • Medical

The Medical Application was selected

system integration

Sensor Module

MC Module

Bluetooth Module

GUI Module

System Integration
market review
Market Review
  • Medical applications of Bluetooth are promising
  • Similar products are either:
    • In R&D
    • Just launched to customers
the sensor module
The Sensor Module
  • What is the Sensor?
    • A device that measures or detects a real-world condition, such as motion, heat or light and converts the condition into an analog or digital representation
classification of sensors
Classification of Sensors
  • Sensor Application
    • Agriculture field (moisture or temperature)
    • Industrial field (clogging switch )
    • Environmental field (Measuring toxic hazardous environment and dust sensor )
    • Medical field (Measure oxygen percentage of the patient, blood pressure, body temperature, or the heart beat rate )
  • Sensor Output
    • A voltage or current
    • Analog or digital
exercise effect
Exercise Effect
  • Heart size
  • Heart beat
  • Stroke volume
    • Athlete: 100 - 110ml
    • Untrained individual: 70 - 80ml
the maximum heart rate mhr
The Maximum Heart Rate (MHR)
  • The maximum number of contractions the heart is capable of producing in one minute
  • Health zone: 50% to 70% of MHR
  • MHR varies with age
  • Another equation by Londeree and Moeschberger
searching for hbs devices
Searching for HBS Devices

Some of heart beat sensors available in the internet

hear beat clip sensor
Hear Beat Clip Sensor
  • A simple design found on the internet
  • Working concept
  • Composed of the a clip and an amplifier circuit
building the sensor circuit
Building the Sensor Circuit
  • Components:
    • One phototransistor, one photodiode, and two diodes
    • Resistors and capacitors
    • Test board
    • Power supply
    • Multimeter
    • Function generator
    • Oscilloscope
    • Probes
    • LM358 op-Amp
slide25

Calculating the Gain and %Error

The gain was calculated as follows:

The error between the simulated and practical gains was computed as following:

the microcontroller module
The Microcontroller Module
  • What is a Microcontroller?
    • A complete control unit like the computer
  • Its Function
    • Store data
    • Run programs
    • Perform math and logic functions
microcontroller architecture
Microcontroller Architecture
  • CPU
  • ROM
  • Input, Output devices
  • Serial, parallel ports
  • A/D & D/A
  • Counters/Timers.
purpose of the microcontroller
Purpose of the Microcontroller
  • Receive or gather data from sensor/s and prepare them before being sent to the Bluetooth

Sensors

MCU

Bluetooth

GUI

searching for microcontroller
Searching For Microcontroller
  • ATmega16 from Atmel Co., USA
    • Too advanced and the project doesn't need advanced functionality in the microcontroller
    • Test board is complicated
    • Its setup is not ready in the laboratory.
searching for microcontroller1
Searching For Microcontroller
  • PIC Microcontrollers:
    • The Microchip "PIC" family
    • Not difficult for a beginner to learn
    • Powerful
pic setup
PIC Setup
  • The MicroCode Studio Software
  • Microcontroller chip
epic programmer and lab x1 board
EPIC Programmer and LAB-X1 Board
  • EPIC Plus Programmer
  • LAB-X1 Experimenter Board
    • Microcontroller test board designed for the PIC family.
    • The programming will be done by the EPIC Programmer
programming testing pic16f877
Programming & Testing PIC16F877
  • Writing and Compiling a Test Code:
  • Program LED_Blink
  • main:TRISB = 0             ' Configure pins of PORTB as output eloop:     PORTB = $FF       ' Turn on diodes on PORTB     Delay_ms(1000)    ' Wait 1 second     PORTB = 0         ' Turn off diodes on PORTB     Delay_ms(1000)    ' Wait 1 second goto eloop            ' Stay in loopend.
testing the microcontroller
Testing the Microcontroller
  • To check the output
bluetooth module
Bluetooth Module
  • History of Bluetooth
  • Bluetooth Working Concept
  • Bluetooth Layers
history of bluetooth
History of Bluetooth
  • Bluetooth technology was originally discovered in 1994 by Ericsson
  • Bluetooth named after Harald Blåtand
bluetooth working concept
Bluetooth Working Concept
  • Point-to-Point mode
  • Point-to-multipoint mode (Master and Slaves)
  • Ad-hoc piconet.
bluetooth frequency
Bluetooth Frequency
  • (ISM) Industrial, Scientific, and Medical Band
  • From 2.4 up to 2.48 GHz
avoid interference
Avoid Interference
  • Signal Power = 1 milliwatt (weak signal)
  • It hopes 79 randomly chosen frequencies within a designated range
  • Bluetooth transmitter changes its frequencies 1,600 times/sec
data rates
Data Rates
  • Bluetooth channel capacity of 1Mbps
  • Bluetooth sends data at 64,000 bits/sec. in a full-duplex mode
  • 721,000 bits/sec. in a half-duplex mode
the bluetooth module selection
The Bluetooth Module Selection
  • Selection Criteria
    • Compatible with the chosen microcontroller
    • Having an integrated or built in antenna
    • Easy to use
    • Reasonable cost
the bluetooth module selection1
The Bluetooth Module Selection
  • Obstacles and Difficulties
    • Difficulties in purchasing due to availability
    • Difficulties because the manufacturers usually do not sell directly to the end users
    • Lack of technical support
candidates bluetooth components
Candidates Bluetooth Components

LinkMatik from R.F. Solution

ROK 101 008 from Ericsson

KC21 Bluetooth OEM Module from KC Wirefree

another solution toothpic
Another Solution (ToothPIC)
  • Bluetooth integrated with a PIC microcontroller
  • FlexiPanel serversoftware enables programming easily
  • It works on computers, PDAs and mobile phones
standards
Standards
  • Bluetooth Standards
    • Bluetooth is based on the IEEE 802.11 communications standard
    • UAE LAB
  • TTL Standards
gpii plan
GPII Plan
  • Building each module alone
    • Selecting another type of sensor
    • Programming MC Chip and building its circuit
    • Connecting the Bluetooth
    • Developing the GUI
  • Integrating and debugging the system
conclusion
Conclusion
  • Project Impact
    • Environmental
      • The bandwidth of the Bluetooth is not in the ionization range
      • Weak Signal, not enough power to effect human body
    • Social
      • Gives the patient more independence
      • Gives the physician more
    • Economical
      • Decreases the cost of health treatment
conclusion1
Conclusion
  • The Goal:Monitoring health in continues and mobile manner
  • Bluetooth is a personal friendly technology
  • HBS clip, PIC16F877, LinkMatik will be used
  • Ready for building the system