Drugs Health Class
Categories • Hallucinogens • Opioids & Morphine Derivatives (Narcotics) • Inhalants • Designer Drugs • Steroids • Stimulants • Depressants • Cannabinoids
Hallucinogens • Hallucinogens cause distortion of reality. • They induce excitement within the central nervous system. • Senses are extremely distorted. A user may hear colors and see sounds. • They cause hallucinations.
Types of Hallucinogens • Phencyclidine/PCP/angel dust • LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide) • Mescaline • Psilocybin/magic mushrooms • Cannabis
Impaired judgement Experience flashbacks years after taken Depression Acute anxiety Sleeplessness Delusions Panic Effects of Hallucinogens
Narcotics • Narcotics are well known for their medical use to relieve severe pain. • Narcotics such as heroin,opium, and morphine are frequently sold illegally. • Highly addictive • There is a lot of crime related to narcotic use. • Mr. Cross is the best… ever!
Types of Narcotics • Codeine • Fentanyl and fentanyl analogs • Heroin • Morphine • Opium • Oxycodone HCL • Hydrocodone bitartrate
Develop a drug tolerance Highly addictive Drowsiness Decreased alertness Tremors Panic Nausea Effects of Narcotics
Gasoline Spray paint Markers Lighter fluid Aerosols Nitrous Oxide Types of Inhalants
Light headedness Large amounts cause depression Coma Brain Damage Destroys nerve cells Damages liver Nosebleeds Psychological problems Effects of Inhalants
MDMA MDEA Crack PCPY Designer Drugs
Effects of Designer Drugs • Increased heart rate • Increased blood pressure • Sweating • Chills • Depression • Brain Damage
Anabolic Steroids • Anabolic steroids are synthetic variations of the male sex hormone, testosterone.
Types of Steroids • Anadrol • Oxandrin • Durabolin • Stanozol • Dianabol
Male effects Male sterility Shrunken testicle Males develop female qualities (breasts develop, higher voice, etc.) Severe acne Female effects Voice deeper Breasts smaller Facial hair Baldness menstrual irregularities Effects of Steroids
To excel in sports competition To look like you have an ideal body Why People use Anabolic Steroids
Stimulants • Stimulants excite the central nervous system. • Stimulants are often used illegally. • Stimulants release and use up your body’s energy. • Mental and physical performance do not improve with stimulant use.
Cocaine/ coke Amphetamines/ speed Caffeine/coffee,pop Methamphetamines Ritalin Cylert Types of Stimulants
Anxiety Decreased Appetite Insomnia Irritability Rapid Speech Convulsions Depression Increased heart rate Effects of Stimulants
Depressants • Many accidental deaths result from overdoses of barbiturates and sedatives. • Relieve nervousness and anxiety. • They depress the central nervous system.
Drowsiness Convulsions Death Addiction Cramping Vomiting Tense Anxious Effects of Depressants
Types of Depressants • Barbiturates/Barbs • Alcohol/Booze • Tranquilizers/Libs • Benzodiazepines • Flunitrazepam • GHB (Gamma-hydroxybutyrate) • Methaqualone
Canabinoids • Hashish • Marijuana
Canabinoids • Marijuana is the most widely use illegal drug in the U.S. • Marijuana reduces short term memory and comprehension. • This drug reduces a person’s ability to perform tasks requiring concentration and coordination.
Decrease in male testosterone level Increase in female testosterone level Lower sperm count in males Increased risk of infertility in women Effects of Marijuana
Increased heart rate Increased hunger Bloodshot eyes Intense anxiety Psychological dependence requiring more of the drug to get the same effect Effects of Marijuana/Pot
Consequences of Substance Abuse • Health Problems and Addiction • Financial burden • Loss of Friends • Criminal activity • Legal problems