part 3 n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Part 3 PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Part 3

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 29

Part 3 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Part 3. Berlin 1960. The Berlin Wall Goes Up (1961). 1961 standoff. Checkpoint Charlie. EAST GERMAN RESISTANCE. Borders: Physical Boundaries between Ideologies .

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

Part 3

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

The Berlin Wall Goes Up (1961)

1961 standoff


borders physical boundaries between ideologies
Borders: Physical Boundaries between Ideologies
  • Borders served to divide people by ideological differences as well as political and economic differences.(Liberal Democracies vs Communism)
  • Increased tension between the superpowers.
  • Countries under the Soviet Sphere were under pressure to maintain strong political and economic ties with the Soviet Union
  • Soviets were not receptive to any encroachment of capitalism or Democracy.



breaking free of the iron curtain p 247
Breaking free of the Iron Curtain p.247

figure 7 11
Figure 7-11
  • Compare these maps
  • What evidence do you see of expansionism and alignment?

The Arms Race 1950’s to 1989

Deterrence (clip on timeline)

the arms race why
The Arms Race: Why?
  • Territorial integrity and national sovereignty
  • Ideological struggle
    • Capitalism vs. communism
    • Liberal democracy vs. authoritarian rule
  • Military prowess: nukes as visible symbol of power
  • Mutual Assured Destruction ( MAD ): the belief that nuclear attacks launched by both nations will result in both nations being destroyed.
  • Mutual Deterrence: the belief that the destructive capability and the likelihood of mutual destruction will stop both superpowers from launching a nuclear attack.
canada and the cold war
Canada and the Cold war
  • READ P.253 Identify 5 events or organizations that Canada joined or participated in the early part of the cold war.
    • 1949 Canada joined NATO ( Collective security) an attack on one is an attack on all.
    • Military troops through the United Nations in the Korean War 1950-53
    • Suez Crisis in 1956 UNEF
    • NORAD (the North American Aerospace Defence Command)
    • The building of the DEW Line
france s dissuasion policy
France’s Dissuasion Policy

Why do you think France thought it was necessary to develop nuclear weapons as part of its foreign policy? P.253-54

  • France would use its own weapons for deterrence
  • Resisted the leadership of the USA ( one liberal democracy rejecting the other)
  • Wanted to follow it own independent path.

Kennedy and Cuba

• JFK becomes President (1961)

• “…we shall pay any price, bear any burden…to assure the

survival and success of liberty.” (Inaugural Address)

• Cuban Revolution (1959)

• Bay of Pigs Invasion (April 1961)

• Berlin Wall

(August 1961)

• Cuban Missile Crisis

(October 1962)

cuban missile crisis results and concepts
Cuban Missile Crisis: Results and Concepts
  • BRINKMANSHIP: to get to the verge of war without going to war
  • Two years later Khrushchev is removed from office
  • Benefits: a “hot line” or direct link was established between the White House and the Kremlin
  • Nuclear Test Ban Treaty: no testing in the atmosphere
  • Détente: the easing of relations between superpowers

"As a result of the Cuban missile crisis the long, talked-about "hot line" between Washington and Moscow was to become a reality. On 20th June, 1963, at Geneva, Switzerland , the United States and the Soviet Union signed a Memorandum of Understanding that set up a duplex cable circuit routed from Washington-London-Copenhagen-Stockholm-Helsinki to Moscow for primary political conversations.