Part 3. Berlin 1960. The Berlin Wall Goes Up (1961). 1961 standoff. Checkpoint Charlie. http://www.guardian.co.uk/berlin-wall-20-years-on. EAST GERMAN RESISTANCE. Borders: Physical Boundaries between Ideologies .
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Deterrence (clip on timeline)
Why do you think France thought it was necessary to develop nuclear weapons as part of its foreign policy? P.253-54
• JFK becomes President (1961)
• “…we shall pay any price, bear any burden…to assure the
survival and success of liberty.” (Inaugural Address)
• Cuban Revolution (1959)
• Bay of Pigs Invasion (April 1961)
• Berlin Wall
• Cuban Missile Crisis
"As a result of the Cuban missile crisis the long, talked-about "hot line" between Washington and Moscow was to become a reality. On 20th June, 1963, at Geneva, Switzerland , the United States and the Soviet Union signed a Memorandum of Understanding that set up a duplex cable circuit routed from Washington-London-Copenhagen-Stockholm-Helsinki to Moscow for primary political conversations.