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THE FIRST REFEREE
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  1. THE FIRST REFEREE EOA VOLLEYBALLOFFICIALS CLINICJuly 18, 2012 Mark Graupmann

  2. FEDERATION RULES EOA GUIDELINES COMMON SENSE REFERENCES

  3. 2012 RULE CHANGES • Deciding set coin toss conducted by R2 near scorer’s table (no change for us) • Illegal substitution that enters set and is discovered after whistle for serve is ruled illegal alignment (point/loss of rally) • If illegal sub is discovered before whistle, it is ruled an unnecessary delay (time-out)

  4. 2012 EDITORIAL CHANGES 4-2-7: visible garments underneath uniform top (t-shirt, body suit, etc.) shall be... of a single, solid color that is similar to the predominant color of the uniform top

  5. 2012 POINTS OF EMPHASIS • Vertical tape of antennas directly over sideline; antennas on outside of line • Host school responsible for providing and training assistant officials (scorer, etc.) • Players take court positions without delaying R2’s lineup check at set start • R2 should monitor substitutions and libero replacements carefully (so should R1!)

  6. Prior to the Competition Date Upon arrival Pre-Match Conference Use of the whistle Checking alignment at time of serve Coverage during play Signals Dead ball duties R1 RESPONSIBILITIES

  7. Penalty Cards Verbal Communication Non-Verbal Communication Dealing with Coaches Final Thoughts R1 RESPONSIBILITIES

  8. R1 RESPONSIBILITIES Before the Competition Date • Partner • The Location • Uniforms & Equipment • Critical Information

  9. Identify host administration Quick introduction Change into Officials’ Uniform (if not already) Ground Rules Identify facility concerns during walk-thru Court, Net and Equipment Checks Plenty of Time for any Paperwork. R1 RESPONSIBILITIES Upon Arrival

  10. HOME SCORE TABLE VISITOR R1 R2

  11. Facility Concerns?? A

  12. R1 Presides Head Coaches, captain(s) R2, Line Judges Introductions Ground rules Verify “Are your players legally, properly, and safely equipped?” Sportsmanship expectations R1 RESPONSIBILITIES Pre-Match Conference

  13. LJ LJ C C HC HC R2 R1 Pre-Match Conference

  14. Coin toss SAVE FOR LAST… Coin called by visitors Winner’s choice; Serve or Receive Notify Scorer as to first serve Instruct timer to begin clock R1 RESPONSIBILITIES Pre-Match Conference

  15. Line Judge (LJ) briefing Six signals (in, out, touch, antenna violation, foot fault, blocked out) where to stand if they are serving near you Partner briefing Help at net, attack line, pancakes, touches, etc. (NO LINE CALLS) Control the benches, coaches, etc. Penalty cards – giving or requesting R1 watches setter’s (hands) & monitors the court for safety Check the Referee Stand to ensure stability R1 RESPONSIBILITIES Post-Conference to Match Time

  16. Positioning Checking Alignment at Time of Service Signals & Ball Handling Dead ball duties Use of Penalty Cards Non-Verbal Communication & Body Language Game Management (i.e., Coaches) R1 RESPONSIBILITIES Match Responsibilities

  17. Use a good whistle (Fox 40, Tornado) When to use whistle to direct teams to end line; on to court to beckon for serve to signal any dead ball for time out and/or substitution when not recognized by R2 re-serve or re-play end of set; changing sides… deciding game end of match R1 RESPONSIBILITIES Use of the Whistle

  18. Normal whistle sequence is 3 steps: Blow whistle (get everyone’s attention) Signal fault (reason for whistle) Signal Loss of Rally (point - result of fault) Each is a distinct & separate step If R2 whistles first, then: R2 signals fault (i.e., net, center line) R1 repeats, then signals serving team R1 RESPONSIBILITIES Use of the Whistle

  19. Pre-serve scan of benches, teams, table and R2 Illegal alignment on serving team Anticipate flight/interference with obstacles Anticipate next player to contact Look ahead of ball See how player plays ball R1 RESPONSIBILITIES Coverage During Play

  20. HOME SCORE TABLE VISITOR R1 R1 RESPONSIBILITIES R2 LJ 4 3 16 11 5 12 15 R1 SCANS…. 13 14 6 2 1 LJ Before the beckon the R1 SCANS….

  21. Serving team Helpful hint - find a pair of diagonally opposite players, i.e. left front & right back, continually check on their position on the floor Use setters if possible Track server into right back position on a side out Server exempt from overlap fault R1 RESPONSIBILITIES Check Alignment

  22. R1 RESPONSIBILITIES Check Alignments 4 3 2 5 6 1

  23. R1 RESPONSIBILITIES Screen Situations 4 3 2 5 6 1

  24. R1 RESPONSIBILITIES Signals • Net/Antenna Violations • In and out (use out off of which player) • Point • Touch • Illegal hit • Serve • Replay / re-serve • Illegal alignment on serving team • Net serve

  25. Separate and distinct 2 hits 4 hits Repeat all signals initiated by R2 Number of time outs used End of game/match Change of court R1 RESPONSIBILITIES Signals

  26. Illegal Hit Double Hit JOUSTING R1 RESPONSIBILITIES Ball Handling

  27. R1 RESPONSIBILITIES Illegal Hit • PROLONGED CONTACT • Rolls • Comes to rest • Catch • Throw • Over control verses under control

  28. Multiple contact on second or third hit Two attempts to play the ball, by one player, during a single hitting action. R1 RESPONSIBILITIES Double Hit

  29. R1 RESPONSIBILITIES Opposing Players Blocking Against Ball Not Illegal Once the Joust is Complete, EITHER – or Other Players may make Next Contact. Jousted Ball Rolls Along Net & Hits Antenna? Jousted Ball Lands Out of Bounds? JOUSTING

  30. Back Row Attacks Position of the Feet Position of the Ball Attacking Serve Back Row Blocks Position of the Player(s) Position of their Hands Blocking Serve R1 RESPONSIBILITIES Illegal Attack / Illegal Block

  31. R1 RESPONSIBILITIES Court – Enter and Exit Playing Actions Libero Awareness

  32. Recognize R2 Actions Time Out Substitution Whistle end of time out if R2 is busy Verify the number of time outs with the R2 (Time Outs Used) End of game/match R1 RESPONSIBILITIES Dead Ball Duties

  33. How R1 issues penalty cards on offending side R2 requests from R1, but doesn’t whistle R1 calls R2 over, explains, then R2 explains When & Why any unsporting conduct by players, coaches, or team personnel Actions R2 records on their line-up card R2 ensures scorer records in scorebook Use of Penalty Cards

  34. Verbal warning – tweet whistle Yellow Card – warning; minor offense Red Card – penalty; repeated minor offenses; any single severe offense Red & Yellow Cards – flagrant offense; disqualification (no penalty) Cards normally progress from a warning, but warnings aren’t required Automatically progressive! Penalty Cards

  35. Partner Collaborate with your partner about situations; pre-match and during play. Coach “Simultaneous contact in the plane of the net…it’s a back row attack” (sell partner’s call) “Nope, the ball was below (top of net)” Players R2: “Don’t leave too early ladies!” R1: “Are you the captain?” Verbal Communication

  36. Partner Frequent eye contact between officials during the match; dead balls and transitions Hand Signals (and “discrete” signals) Routines & habits (practice the right way) “In times of crisis, we go back to ‘learned’ behavior.” Develop personal routines R1 scan before beckon R2 managing tables and benches during dead balls Non-Verbal Communication

  37. Dealing with Coaches • Bad body language will silence good words. • What does a glare say? • What does hands on hips say? • What does rolling your eyes say? • What does a “stop sign” or shoulder shrug say? • Lesson: We’re in the business of saying “no.” People don’t like to be told “no,” so try to give them a reason why. • Example: “I understand your request, Coach, but the R1 already had beckoned for serve.” (late TO request)

  38. Know your roles and responsibilities When needed - sell the call Be willing to admit a mistake Move past your own/other’s criticisms Keep the match moving Be Confident

  39. In ball handling violations In determining unsportsmanlike conduct Treatment of both teams Be Consistent

  40. Federation Rule Book EOA Guidelines Get out and Observe Ask questions Partner Committee Members Rule Interpreter Mechanics Interpreter Commissioner USE YOUR RESOURCES

  41. R1 “Territory” LJ & R2 briefs Capt conference Ball handling Penalty cards Serving alignment Screening Switch sides SUMMARY Be sure to work your own “territory” • R2 “Territory” • Scorekeeper brief • Libero tracker brief • Warm-up timing • Line-ups & rosters • Team benches • Game ball(s) • Towels for wipe-up • Timeouts & Subs • 5th game coin toss

  42. Flying Solo – R1 only matches • Complete the duties of the R1 AND the R2 (allow extra time for pre-match duties) • Establish a clear method of communication with the scorer’s table (for substitutions, wrong servers, etc.) • Get off the stand between each set to check lineups • The net/center-line is a secondary priority. Call only what you clearly see.

  43. Conclusion Although the R1 is in charge of the match always remember to work as a team and use all of the crew, from R2, LJs, scorekeepers and event staff. You will succeed a lot more often if you all work together, matches will go smoothly and you will have a lot more fun. Good luck out there and have FUN!!!