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The EGR version 2: an improved way of sharing information on multinational enterprise groups. Introduction. The EGR  the platform that supports the production of micro-based statistics on globalisation in Europe, both on country and European level. settled down in 2009 (reference year 2008)

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introduction
Introduction
  • The EGR  the platform that supports the production of micro-based statistics on globalisation in Europe, both on country and European level.
  • settled down in 2009 (reference year 2008)
  • 2013: EGR V2
    • enabling statisticians and register staff of NSIs and NCBs to consult, to retrieve and to update EGR data
  • Quality issues: the role of the users

EGRv2: an improved way of sharing information on MNE

quality criteria in the egr context
Quality criteria in the EGR context
  • Defined in the European statistics Code of Practice
    • 1- Relevance
    • 2- Accuracy and reliability
    • 3- Timeliness and punctuality
    • 4- Accessibility and clarity
    • 5- Coherence and comparability

EGRv2: an improved way of sharing information on MNE

quality criteria in the egr context4
Quality criteria in the EGR context
  • Relevance
    • the degree to which statistical outputs meet current and potential user needs. It depends on whether all the statistics that are needed are produced and the extent to which concepts used (definitions, classifications etc.,) reflect user needs.“
    • EGR targeted to fulfil needs of users involved in statistics on globalisation:
      • FATS statisticians
      • FDI statisticians
      • statisticians working on profiling multinational and complex groups
    • Include in the EGR frame populations for these users
    • harmonise concepts used in globalisation statistics
      • UCI
      • SPEs (to some extent)

EGRv2: an improved way of sharing information on MNE

quality criteria in the egr context5
Quality criteria in the EGR context
  • Accuracy and reliability
    • the degree of closeness of estimates to the true values
    • In the EGR context: information on the MNEs included in the EGR should be close to the true situation
      • EGR should include the frame populations of the statistical users
      • No under-coverage
        • missing legal units in a given MNE, missing MNEs according to the target population
      • No over-coverage
        • legal units registered several times under different identification numbers
      • Classification variables should be reliable
        • country of the UCI

EGRv2: an improved way of sharing information on MNE

quality criteria in the egr context6
Quality criteria in the EGR context
  • Timeliness
    • length of time between the event or phenomenon they describe and their availability
    • crucial element for the EGR
      • Take into account users needs (delineate sample frame)
      • Take into account producers calendars
    • EGR V2:
      • Reconcile users’ needs and producers’ constraints
      • Live process
      • Includes information from the users

EGRv2: an improved way of sharing information on MNE

quality criteria in the egr context7
Quality criteria in the EGR context
  • Accessibility and clarity
    • simplicity and ease with which users can access statistics, with the appropriate supporting information and assistance
    • In the EGR;
      • Regulatory: exchanges of micro-data information have been defined in several regulations
      • Pragmatically: access to the EGR for the users via a web platform.
      • The clarity:
        • use concepts and definitions common to the producers and the statistical users.
        • recommendations manual and guidelines

EGRv2: an improved way of sharing information on MNE

quality criteria in the egr context8
Quality criteria in the EGR context
  • Coherence and comparability
    • degree to which the statistical processes by which statistical outputs were generated used the same concepts - classifications, definitions, and target populations – and harmonised methods
    • in the EGR:
      • several countries may bring information on the same MNE and on the same financial relationship in case of cross-border relationships.
      • Priority rules have been settled down to treat potential conflicting cases.
      • EGR V2, with the authentic source principle, intends to reduce the possibilities of incoherencies.

EGRv2: an improved way of sharing information on MNE

the egr version 2 and its principles
The EGR version 2 and its principles
  • Authentic source and authentic store concept
    • Authentic source: the source of which data are used as the 'truth' without additional investigation.
      • Source needs to meet certain quality requirements, e.g. comprehensiveness, accuracy, reliability, timeliness, punctuality and comparability.
      • Data defined/validated by an authentic source can not be overwritten by another source.
    • Authentic store: the place where the original and latest version of a data element or a set of data elements is stored.

EGRv2: an improved way of sharing information on MNE

the egr version 2 and its principles10
The EGR version 2 and its principles
  • Translation in the EGR
    • Authentic source:
      • NSI for national legal units and enterprise units and national relationships
      • EGR for non-EU units
      • NSI of the parent company or NSI of the subsidiary company for cross border relationships
    • Authentic store: the place where the original and latest version of a data element or a set of data elements is stored.
      • NSI for national legal units and enterprise units and national relationships
      • EGR for non-EU units
      • EGR for cross-border relationships

EGRv2: an improved way of sharing information on MNE

the egr version 2 and its principles11
The EGR version 2 and its principles
  • Translation in the EGR
    • Availability of relationship data differs from country to country
      • the final solution applied in EGR should be defined in the future
    • Roles of central EGR and national registers precisely defined
    • The enterprise group information stored in national business registers and in EGR will be identical at the time of the statistical outputs.

EGRv2: an improved way of sharing information on MNE

the egr version 2 and its principles12
The EGR version 2 and its principles
  • Identification service for legal units
    • Critical factor to implement the principle of authenticity
    • Authentic source is responsible for the identification of units
    • Identification of foreign units is a major challenge
      • Identification limited yet to the name and country of the legal unit
      • Identification service should limit the duplications in the system
      • Identification service will provide a 'Legal Entity Identifier' for legal units in and outside Europe.
        • This ID will be used as the primary identification number in the workflows in the EGR network.
        • This ID should be unique and widely used.
        • For EU units the ID should be composed on the basis of a public available national identification number associated with the country code
        • For non EU units, the ID number of the commercial data providers sources may be use (Dun number or BvD ID)

EGRv2: an improved way of sharing information on MNE

the egr version 2 and its principles13
The EGR version 2 and its principles
  • Platform for the users and producers
    • The main features of the platform are
      • To consult 'live' EGR data
      • To update EGR data as far as allowed by the authenticity rules
      • To validate EGR data
    • To be accessed by
      • Statisticians (FATS, FDI…)
      • Business register staff from NSIs and NCBs
      • Profiling teams in the NSA should be responsible for the validation of the pre-selected large MNEs in the target of profiling.
      • Eurostat central EGR will assess the quality of the information via macro-validation procedure and send information to the NSA for micro-validation.

EGRv2: an improved way of sharing information on MNE

the egr version 2 and its principles14
The EGR version 2 and its principles
  • Control of the quality: the evaluation/validation process

EGRv2: an improved way of sharing information on MNE

the egr version 2 and its principles15
The EGR version 2 and its principles
  • Control of the quality: the evaluation/validation process
    • macro evaluation : "monitoring/evaluating of significant changes in the EGR frame populations".
      • should be applied to all the groups.
      • be undertaken several times until the frame is considered of enough good quality to be released.
      • set of rules that allow detecting outliers
      • undertaken centrally by Eurostat.
    • micro validation : "monitoring/evaluating of changes in a significant MNE “
      • result of output of the macro evaluation
      • independent process with separate request
        • for part of the variables
        • for targeted populations (for example the largest MNEs).
      • Some external information could be used as a reference to test the quality of EGR information.
      • A list of groups that the NSIs should look at should be edited centrally by Eurostat.

EGRv2: an improved way of sharing information on MNE

the role of the users in the quality control in the egr
The role of the users in the quality control in the EGR
  • Request for adding MNEs in the EGR
    • EGR 2008 and 2009: 5000 largest MNE operating in the EU. 2010 population has been enlarged to 10000
    • EGR2013: full coverage of the target population of FATS and FDI
    • Feedback from the users is expected
      • Ask for adding or removing MNEs
  • Intervention during the updating process
    • Through the platform
    • Report events detected during their production process
    • Information included in the EGR according to the authenticity principle

EGRv2: an improved way of sharing information on MNE

slide17

Example of updating of

The EGR by the users

EGRv2: an improved way of sharing information on MNE

the role of the users in the quality control in the egr18
The role of the users in the quality control in the EGR
  • Request for micro evaluation
    • micro evaluation/validation of a given MNE launched after detection of suspicious figures during the macro evaluation
    • could be also made according to user information or on their request
      • Example: users report information at the MNE level (global figures on employment or turnover, place of the UCI,…) which is conflicting with the EGR information
  • Some limits to the users' intervention
    • Difficulty to fulfil contradictory needs
    • In case of contradictory information, need to introduce priority rules
    • Need to respect the single flow principle
      • Requires an agreement between all the stakeholders at the national level

EGRv2: an improved way of sharing information on MNE

slide19
Thank you for your attention!

EGRv2: an improved way of sharing information on MNE