Making Inferences and Drawing Conclusions Red Wolves and “The Old Woman Who Lived with the Wolves”
Drawing Conclusions • We often draw conclusions based on the information we have. We take details from a situation or text and piece them together to make a judgment. • To draw a conclusion, 1. read the text carefully 2. Note the details throughout the text and think about how they confirm or change your prior knowledge about the topic/story • Let’s practice! http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/ttravis-57276-Drawing-Conclusions-Detective-ConclusionsDetective-Title-Lets-Review-Steps-conclus-Education-ppt-powerpoint/http://www.google.com/
Making an Inference • Making an inference is also known as reading between the lines. • When you infer, you go beyond the surface details to see other meanings that the details suggest or imply (not stated). • To infer: 1. Think about the story clues as you read 2. Use your prior knowledge and story clues to make an inference. • Let’s practice! http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/ttravis-57475-Make-Inference-know-inferences-everyday-real-world-an-inferen-Education-ppt-powerpoint/
Activating Prior Knowledge about Red Wolves • Read the anticipation guide. • In your reading journal number a new sheet of paper from 1-5. • Next to each number write Agree or Disagree after you read each statement. • Be sure to say WHY! • Now, let’s read about Red Wolves to complete our reactions.
Take out a blank sheet. We will create a “It Says, I Say, So” chart • Remember to: • Fold “hamburger style” • Then fold in half again • Draw a vertical line down the creases • Label each column As we read, you will fill in this chart.
Day 80 & 81 RFL Review • Why is this location ideal for a wildlife refuge? • (underline the implied details/clues that help you come to your answer) • Why do you think this land is described by a word that was originally an Indian word? • (underline clue and use your prior knowledge to answer). • Why is Alligator River a good place for wild red wolves? • What might the author be trying to convince a reader to do in response to reading this essay?
“The Old Woman Who Lived with the Wolves” by Chief Luther Standing Bear Marpiyawin’s puppy gets lost. She searches for him. A snowstorm forces her to hide in a cave. A pack of wolves helps her stay warm. The wolves lead her camp after the snowstorm. Marpiyawen gets a new name because of her friendship with the wolves.
In the third box in each row, use the detail and the prior knowledge to make and write an inference. Story Detail Marpiyawen decided to travel back to find her dog. Prior Knowledge People who love their pets will go to great lengths for them. Inference Story Detail Marpiyawen dreams that wolves are friendly. Prior Knowledge Some cultures think that dreams carry true messages. Inference Story Detail Marpiyawen has been with the wolves for a long time. Prior Knowledge People can change to fit into group with whom they live. Inference
As you read… • Practice making inferences as you read by answering these questions in your inference chart or your reading journal. • *After paragraph 2: Do the Sioux enjoy traveling? How do you know? • What did the Sioux people love? • *Why do you think Marpiyawen is not afraid of getting lost? • Why does Marpiyawen leave her tribe? • *What can we infer about the different types of land described?
What do the people in the village ask the old woman about? • What do the wolves warn the people about? • *What inference can you make about how the Sioux feel about wolves? • What did Marpiyawin’s people think happened to her while she was missing? • Why do you think Marpiyawen is not afraid of the wolves?
Conflict • A conflict is a struggle between opposing forces. • Internal conflict is a struggle that takes place within one character- a struggle against fear, selfishness, doubt, anger • External conflict is a struggle between the character and something outside of himself/herself, for example with nature, with another person, with circumstances
Finding Conflict • Where in the story does Marpiyawen experience internal conflict? Page #, what is the conflict? • What kind of conflict does the oncoming snow storm represent? • What kind of conflict does Marpiyawen face when she has to leave the wolves? How do you know?