Poverty Summary. Plan:. What does it mean to be poor Relationship between different measures and deprivation Have we lost the war on poverty? Subjective measures U.S. Food insecurity: measures Effects of social assistance on Insecurity
Home ownership hasn’t changed
Nothing has gone really down
Air conditioning and telephones have jumped up
Computers have gone from 2-5% to 36%
Internet access is new to all
“People differ markedly in their views concerning the appropriate role of government in reducing economic inequality. Self-interest and differences in values explain part of the conflict over redistribution. But by far the most important fault line is that people hold different beliefs about why the rich are rich and the poor are poor.
Survey data show that people—rich and poor alike—who think that “getting ahead and succeeding in life” depends on “hard work” or “willingness to take risks” tend to oppose redistributive programs.
Conversely, those who think that the key to success is “money inherited from family,” “parents and the family environment,” “connections and knowing the right people,” or being white, support redistribution.
Handing down success strikes many people as unfair even if the stakes are small, while differences in achieved success may be unobjectionable even with high stakes, as long as the playing field is considered level.
How level is the intergenerational playing field? What are the causal mechanisms that underlie the intergenerational transmission of economic status? Are these mechanisms amenable to public policies in a way that would make the attainment of economic success more fair? These are the questions we will try to answer
Bowles & Gintis (2002)