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Heat and Cold Application. Prepared by : Salwa Maghrabi Teacher Assistant Nursing Department. OUTLINES. Definition of heat and cold application Heat Application , Cold Application Contraindications to Use Heat and Cold. Appling heat and cold .

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heat and cold application

HeatandColdApplication

Prepared by :

Salwa Maghrabi

Teacher Assistant

Nursing Department

outlines
OUTLINES
  • Definition of heat and cold application
  • Heat Application ,Cold Application
  • Contraindications to Use Heat and Cold.
  • Appling heat and cold .
  • Guidelines in Local Applications of Heat or Cold
  • Hot Water Bag .
  • Heat and cold packs
  • Aquathermia Pad .
  • Electric Pads .
  • Compress
  • Soak
  • Sitz Bath
  • Cooling Sponge Bath
objectives
OBJECTIVES
  • Define heat and cold application .
  • List the indication of using heat and cold application .
  • Enumerate the contraindication for heat and cold application.
  • Understand the guidelines for heat and cold application .
  • Ability to apply several type of heat and cold application
definition
Definition

A therapy applied to body part for local and systemic effect

slide5

Heat ApplicationIndications of Heat application :1- Ache and pain 2- Comfort and relief .3- Client with musculoskeletal problem .Cold ApplicationCold application is most often used for sport injury .

contraindications to use heat and cold
Contraindications to Use Heat and Cold

1- the first 24 hour after traumatic injury .

2- Active hemorrhage .

3- Noninflamatory edema.

4- Localized malignant tumor .

5- Skin disorder .

6- Open wound.

7- Allergy or hypertensive to cold .

contraindications to use heat and cold cont
Contraindications to Use Heat and Cold Cont’

Neurosensory Impairment.

Immediately after injury or surgery .

Open Wound

Impaired Circulation

Impaired Mental Status

appling heat and cold
Appling heat and cold

2 forms of application

Moist

Dry

Heat

Cold

hot water bag
Hot Water Bag
  • Safe and effective temperature :
aquathermia pad
Aquathermia Pad
  • Is pad constructed with tubes containing water .
electric pads
Electric Pads
  • Guideline for applying electric pad :

1- Do not insert sharp object.

2- Ensure the body area are dry.

3- Use pads with a preset heating switch .

4- Do not place the pad under the client .

compress
Compress
  • is a moist gauze dressing applied to a wound .
  • it can be either cold or warm .
slide17
Soak
  • immersing a body part in a solution or to wrapping a part in gauze dressing and then saturating the dressing with a solution .
sitz bath
Sitz Bath
  • Used to sock the client pelvic area.
  • to provide Sitz Bath :
cooling sponge bath
Cooling Sponge Bath
  • to reduce the client fever .
  • Temperature for cooling sponge bath range from .
cooling sponge bath cont
Cooling Sponge Bath Cont’
  • To provide cooling sponge bath , the nurse should :
cooling sponge bath cont1
Cooling Sponge Bath Cont’
  • To provide cooling sponge bath , the nurse should :