Recap of Joints JOINT- A place where two or more bones meet.
Types of Synovial Joints Freelymoveable (synovial) joints can be divided into six groups depending upon how they move. KEY Ball & Socket Joint Hinge Joint Pivot Joint Gliding Joint Saddle Joint Condyloid Joint
Types of Joints There are 3 main types of joint found in the body. 1.Fixed or Immoveable Joints The bones at an immoveable joint cannotmove - they overlap or interlock, and are held together by a tough fibre, e.g. theskull. 2.Slightly Moveable Joints The bones at a slightly moveable joint can only move a little - they are held together by strong straps called ligaments and are joined by protective pads known as cartilage, e.g. theribs. 3.Freely Moveable Joints At a freely moveable joint the bones move freely. They are also known as synovialjoints, and are the largest group of joints found in the body, e.g. thehips,shouldersandknees.
In the picture below the ball and socket joint at the hip allows the player to get height and then the ball and socket joint at the shoulder allows him to SLAM DUNK!!
The knee (HINGE JOINT) is used when flexing (bending) and extending (straightening) the leg to kick a football
Spin bowling requires a complex movement of the wrist joint – what type of joint?
Bowling underarm involves extension and flexion of the shoulder – what type of joint?
Sporting Movements 8-23
Name the joint, type of joint and movement occurring – as marked by the arrows in each of the following pictures.
Name each joint and the movement occurring at it. Now do the same for each of the slides that follow