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Iodine Nutrition in the United States. William H. Dietz, MD, PhD Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Director, Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity. The Full Spectrum of Iodine Deficiency. Cretinism. Goiter. Reduced intellectual performance.

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iodine nutrition in the united states

Iodine Nutrition in the United States

William H. Dietz, MD, PhD

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Director, Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity

slide2

The Full Spectrum of Iodine Deficiency

Cretinism

Goiter

Reduced intellectual

performance

slide3

The Full Spectrum of Iodine Deficiency

Cretinism

Goiter

Reduced intellectual

performance

slide4

The Full Spectrum of Iodine Deficiency

Cretinism

Goiter

Reduced intellectual performance

slide5

The network of connections are less dense

Iodine Sufficient Brain

Iodine Deficient Brain

Source: From Legrand, 1967.

slide7

Iodized Salt

in the US

  • Morton develops iodized salt to help prevent goiters, which were common at the time. The Food and Drug Administration later requests that the product be labeled with the message,
  • "This salt provides iodide, a necessary nutrient."

1924

slide9

Salt

Producers

Market

Outcome

Iodine Supply to the Population

Table

Salt

Salt

Production

Wholesale

Retail

Traders

Customers

(Household)

Individual

Iodine Status

Salt for

Food

Industry

slide10

Salt

Producers

Market

Outcome

Iodine Supply to the Population

Table

Salt

Salt

Production

Wholesale

Retail

Traders

Customers

(Household)

Individual

Iodine Status

Salt for

Food

Industry

Other Iodine Sources

Dairy

Meat products

Red Food Dye

Bread

slide12

Salt

Producers

Market

Outcome

Iodine Supply to the Population

Table

Salt

Salt

Production

Wholesale

Retail

Traders

Customers

(Household)

Individual

Iodine Status

Salt for

Food

Industry

Other Iodine

Sources Dairy

Meat products

Red Food Dye

Bread

monitoring the impact of idd elimination overseas
Monitoring the Impact of IDD Elimination Overseas
  • International Micronutrient Malnutrition Prevention and Control (IMMPaCt) program working with UNICEF/WHO/USAID and national Governments in a number of countries
  • Building capacity to obtain baseline data and establish monitoring systems for process and impact indicators for USI and iodine nutrition
  • International Reference Laboratories for Iodine (IRLI) network in formation
slide14

Salt

Producers

Market

Outcome

Iodine Supply to the Population

Table

Salt

Salt

Production

Wholesale

Retail

Traders

Customers

(Household)

Individual

Iodine Status

Salt for

Food

Industry

Impact

Monitoring

Process Monitoring