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In the Heroic Tradition. The Odyssey by Homer. Homer. Approx. 1000 – 700 B.C.? Recited these poems over 2,700 years ago (700 B.C.) Blind Composed orally as songs Traveled throughout Greece Two epics were the basis of Greek & Roman education. The Epic.

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in the heroic tradition

In the Heroic Tradition

The Odyssey

by Homer

  • Approx. 1000 – 700 B.C.?
  • Recited these poems over 2,700 years ago (700 B.C.)
  • Blind
  • Composed orally as songs
  • Traveled throughout Greece
  • Two epics were the basis of Greek & Roman education
the epic
The Epic

Long, narrative poem that tells the adventures of a hero whose actions help decide the fate of a nation or a group of people

In fact . . .

The Odyssey is 24 books long!!!

before the odyssey
Before the Odyssey . . .
  • The Odyssey is a sequel to the

epic poem The Iliad.

  • The Iliad is about the Trojan War.
  • Thewar was between the Trojans and the Greeks around 1200 B.C.
  • The Trojan War lasted ten years.
  • Odysseus, Greek king of Ithaca, helped the Greeks win.
  • The gods were divided over who should win the war and interfered often.
  • Several gods were mad at Odysseus.
the gods were angry
The Gods Were Angry
  • Odysseus was the man who came up with the idea for the Trojan Horse which allowed the Greeks to win the war.
  • Athena, goddess of wisdom and warfare, typically supported Odysseus.
the history of the odyssey
The History of The Odyssey
  • Tells of Odysseus’ struggle to get home after the Trojan War.
  • Odysseus needs to get home to Penelope, his wife, before she weds another and loses the kingdom.
  • Takes Odysseus ten years to get home because he angers the gods.
  • He loses all 720 men and 12 ships during his attempts to get home.
  • He is the epic hero of The Odyssey.
  • He is mortal which means he can die.
  • His home is Ithaca which is an island off of Greece.
what is an epic hero
What is an Epic Hero?
  • A well-known character of a high social position (Odysseus is King of Ithaca.)
  • A respected leader who portrays the goals and values of society
  • A strong, brave, and intelligent person
  • BUT, he is human and likely to have weaknesses called tragic flaws.
odysseus hamartia
Odysseus’ Hamartia
  • Hamartia- a tragic flaw
  • Odysseus’ flaw – his hubris
  • Hubris – arrogance, overbearing pride
important gods and goddesses
Important Gods and Goddesses
  • Zeus - king of the gods
  • Poseidon - god of the sea, Zeus’ brother, father of Polyphemos
  • Polyphemos – Half-mortal Cyclops who fights Odysseus (mortals can die; gods can’t)
  • Athena - goddess of wisdom, skills, and war; protector of Odysseus
concepts and themes
Concepts and Themes
  • Loyalty, devotion, and fortitude
  • Greek ideal of arete, which translates into “excellence”; or reaching your highest human potential
  • Strive to succeed against great odds
  • Triumph of good over evil
  • Obedience to the gods and laws
some literary devices used
Some Literary Devices Used

Help me spot…

  • Hyperbole – exaggeration
  • Figurative language – writing or speech that is not meant to be interpreted literally
  • Similes/metaphors
  • Irony – expect one thing but get another
  • Personification – nonhuman subjects given human qualities
Today . . .

We’ll join Odysseus on his journey.