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The Compromise of 1850. The Cause. 1. The U.S. had acquired vast territory—result of war with Mexico--Should slavery be allowed? (Wilmot Proviso) 2. California—gold rush 1849—had petitioned for statehood—slave/free balance disrupted. 3. Dispute in TX -claimed territory to Santa Fe

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Presentation Transcript
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The Cause

1. The U.S. had acquired vast territory—result of war with Mexico--Should slavery be allowed? (Wilmot Proviso)

2. California—gold rush 1849—had petitioned for statehood—slave/free balance disrupted

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3. Dispute in TX-claimed territory to Santa Fe

4. Washington, D.C.—Not only allowed slavery—largest slave market in North America

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Henry Clay to the Rescue!

The Compromise of 1850

1. TX land dispute-give up disputed land-get $10 million to pay debt to Mexico.

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2. Territories of NM & UT would be organized by popular sovereignty.

3. Slave trade in Washington, D.C. ended--slavery still legal

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4. California admitted as Free State-disrupts balance

5. Fugitive Slave Act passed to pacify slave-state politicians

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The Fugitive Slave Law

  • Required citizens to assist in recovery
  • Denied fugitive a right to a jury trial-special commissioners paid $5-released & $10 if returned
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Increased # of federal officials to enforce act

  • Estimated 20,000 blacks move to Canada
  • Underground RR becomes more active
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Slavery now in the national spotlight

How long will the Union stay together?

The case of Anthony Burns