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Harry S. Truman 33rd President on the United States (1945-1953) Death: December 26, 1972
Background • Born on May 8, 1884 in Lamar Missouri and was the oldest child. • He only had a middle initial but not a full middle name. • His middle name was used to please his grandfathers. • Truman lived in Lamar until he was only 10 months old. • He did not attend a normal school until he was about 8 years old. • He truly enjoyed reading, music and history. • Truman and a huge passion for the piano in which he would wake up at 5 am everyday to practice.
Family & Education • Truman married Bess Wallace on June 28, 1919. • They only had one daughter named Mary Margaret born on February 17, 1924. • Truman was the only president that didn't earn a college degree but studied for two years for a law degree.
Rise to Presidency • Truman became a timekeeper after graduating from highschool. • In 1905, he joined the Missouri Army National Guard. • Part of the Scottish Rite Freemasonry on February 9, 1909 • In 1922, he was elected judge for the Country Court • In 1934, Truman was elected US Senator • In 1944, Harry S Truman was nominated for Vice President.
PIRATES • Political- Truman was of the democratic party. He also won with the support of Urban Party bosses. , Truman was selected as Franklin Roosevelt's vice presidential candidate in 1944. • Intellectual- During World War Truman served as an artillery officer, making him the only president to have seen combat in World War I • Religious- • Arts and Culture-
PIRATES continued... • Technology-Truman's presidency was also eventful in foreign affairs with the end of and his decision to use nuclear weapons against Japan. • Economy and Environment- He helped with the founding of the United Nations, the Marshall plan to rebuild Europe, the Truman Doctrine to contain communism, the beginning of the Cold War, the creation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, and Chinese Civil War. • Social- Truman wasn't always thought as popular according to him actions as president.
Domestic Policy Issues • Truman's domestic policies as president took far less of his time, and proved far less successful, than his foreign policies • He dealt with three major issues: administration of the modern American presidency, a legislative program known as the Fair Deal, and Republican accusations of internal subversion and corruption. • The domestic legislation of the Truman era followed carefully the main lines of expansion of economic and social programs advanced by the New Deal.
Foreign Policy Issues • Presented the Truman Doctrine to fight communism in 1947. • He later presented the Marshall Plan that gave Western Europe 13 billion dollars for repair. • Signed the National Security Bill in 1947 • Truman went throught the decision on dropping the atomic bomb and took into consideration of the plan of invading Japan and end the war. • Truman's decision on evacuating Americans from Seoul Area, air-drop supplies to South Korea forces, and have the 7th Pacific Fleet to move from the Phillipines to the Formosa Straights. • Truman wanted to avoid a World War with Korea.
Quote A president cannot always be popular. -Harry S. Truman This quote explains the reality to presidency. Citizens get to vote for their thoughts on who shall become president when in campaign. Popularity is a huge contribution to succeeding in election. Truman on the hand, says that a president may not always be popular. Because of the difficult choices that presidents encounter, there is always controversey on the decisions made. A president will not always be able to please everyone and therefore their "popularity" may not always remain at its higest level.
Truman is considered a hero in Turkey and Greece because of the success of the Truman Doctrine. • Ending the World War successfully in Germany and Japan. • Establishing the Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan. • Sponsered the creation of Israel. • Help the creation of communism from spreading in Korea. Successes
Failures • Truman didnt put much thought into the Japanese warning of the US weapon. • Wallace's dismissal • He faced many challenges in the domestic affairs. • At different points in his presidency, Truman earned both the lowest public approval ratings that had ever been recorded.
"LEADER" • Harry S Truman was a leader because of the various achievements and ability to overcome time of turmoil. • He was able to become president even with minimal education. • He overcame the low expectations of many political observers who compared him unfavorably with his highly-regarded predecessor. One Word
Thoughts on President’s Impact on Current Events • Was a leader to America and them through a rough time • Truman is a good example of a leader after not being thought as popular and longer. • He could be a good example in what the United States has gone through and what presidents have done to try and keep the country in its order.
Vice President:Alben W. Barkley (1949-53) Cabinet: Secretary of StateEdward R. Stettinius, Jr. (1945) James F. Byrnes (1945-47) George C. Marshall (1947-49) Dean G. Acheson (1949-53) Secretary of the TreasuryHenry Morgenthau, Jr. (1945) Frederick M. Vinson (1945-46) John W. Snyder (1946-53) Secretary of WarHenry L. Stimson (1945) Robert P. Patterson (1945-47) Kenneth C. Royall (1947) Secretary of DefenseJames V. Forrestal (1947-49) Louis A. Johnson (1949-50) George C. Marshall (1950-51) Robert A. Lovett (1951-53) Attorney General Francis B. Biddle (1945) Thomas C. Clark (1945-49) J. Howard McGrath (1949-52) Postmaster General Frank C. Walker (1945) Robert E. Hannegan (1945-47) Jesse M. Donaldson (1947-53) Cabinet Members Secretary of the NavyJames V. Forrestal (1945-47) Secretary of the InteriorHarold L. Ickes (1945-46) Julius A. Krug (1946-49) Oscar L. Chapman (1950-53) Secretary of Agriculture Claude R. Wickard (1945) Clinton P. Anderson (1945-48) Charles F. Brannan (1948-53) Secretary of CommerceHenry A. Wallace (1945-46) William Averell Harriman (1946-48) Charles Sawyer (1948-53) Secretary of LaborFrances Perkins (1945) Lewis B. Schwellenbach (1945-48) Maurice J. Tobin (1949-53) Supreme Court Appointments: Chief JusticeFred Moore Vinson (1946-53) Associate JusticeHarold Hitz Burton (1945-58) Tom Campbell Clark (1949-67) Sherman Minton (1949-56)
Bibliography • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harry_S._Truman#Family.2C_ • education_and_early_business_career • http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/people/A0861643.html • http://www.yale.edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/1979/2/79.02.01 • .x.html • http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/155055/harry • _s_trumans_foreign_policy_and_pg4.html?cat=37 • http://www.giantperspectives.com/read/personal_failu • res_presidential_success_lessons_from_harry_truman/ • http://www.archives.gov/press/press-kits/berryman-cartoons/images/whats-the-use-of-the-election10-19-1948-m.jpg • http://www.ipl.org/div/potus/hstruman.html • http://www.trivia-library.com/a/president-harry-s-truman-truman-cons-of-his-presidency.htm • http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/1948/nov/01/usa
Team Members • Chavez, Nancy (Period 5) • Jimenez, Alejandra( Period 5) • Pina, Cynthia (Period 1)