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Growth and Disunion of the United States of America. Land gained from war with Mexico caused problems Senator David Wilmot of PA proposed that all land gained from the War should be closed to slavery – called Wilmot Proviso Yikes! South in an uproar!.

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growth and disunion of the united states of america
Growth and Disunion of the United States of America
  • Land gained from war with Mexico caused problems
    • Senator David Wilmot of PA proposed that all land gained from the War should be closed to slavery – called Wilmot Proviso
    • Yikes! South in an uproar!
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Growth and Disunion of the United States of America

North and South two distinctly different regions

North – their reality – industry and

immigration

South – their reality – agriculture

and slavery

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Growth and Disunion of the United States of America

California Gold Rush – 1849

Entered the Union as a free state – supported by President Zachary Taylor who succeeded Polk.

South saw it as an attack on their way of life. CA both above and below the MO Compromise of 1820 36-30 line.

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Growth and Disunion of the United States of America

Congressional Giants of the Day

Sen. Daniel Webster (MA)

I speak not as a Mass. man, nor as a Northern man, but as an American

Sen. John C. Calhoun (SC)

The Great Nullifier

Sen. Henry Clay of KY – The Great Compromiser

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Growth and Disunion of the United States of America

Sen. Stephen Douglas (IL)

Unbundled Compromise of 1850

Kansas-Nebraska Act - 1854

Supporter of Popular Sovereignty.

Repealed the MO Compromise 1820.

He had a vested interest in seeing the land settled quickly because he wanted to build a railroad across these territories. The Kansas-Nebraska Act was a major cause of the Civil War!

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Growth and Disunion of the United States of America

Compromise of 1850

Fugitive Slave Act

Uncle Tom’s Cabin – Harriet Beecher Stowe

Kansas-Nebraska Act leads to

“Bleeding Kansas”

Brooks Attacks Sumner

Dred Scott Case

Lincoln-Douglas Debates

Raid on Harper’s Ferry – John Brown

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Growth and Disunion of the United States of America

Harriet Beecher Stowe

Uncle Tom’s Cabin

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Growth and Disunion of the United States of America

RADICALS

R

John Wilkes Booth – Actor and Southern sympathizer.

Present at Brown’s hanging in 1859.

John Brown’s Hanging After Harper’s Ferry Raid – trying to gain weapons to lead an armed slave revolt.

John Brown – “I only have one life and I will die fighting for this cause (abolition of slavery).”

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Growth and Disunion of the United States of America

Election of 1860

Republicans

Democrats

Southern Democrats

Constitutional Union Party

Republican – Lincoln – 180 electoral votes – 59.4% of electoral vote - 1.8 million votes

Democratic – Douglas - 12 electoral votes - 4.0% - 1.4 million

S. Democratic – Breckenridge – 72 - 23.8% .848

Constitutional Union – Bell - 39 - 12.9% .590

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Growth and Disunion of the United States of America

11 States Secede from the Union

The burning question, “Would President Lincoln let them go without a fight?”

Which side actually started the war?

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Growth and Disunion of the United States of America

DISUNION WRAP UP QUESTIONS

Who/What was the most significant person/event that propelled America towards the Civil War?

Could war have been avoided? Why or why not?

While studying and researching, did you identify more with the North or the South? Why do you think you picked this region?