Growth and Disunion of the United States of America. Land gained from war with Mexico caused problems Senator David Wilmot of PA proposed that all land gained from the War should be closed to slavery – called Wilmot Proviso Yikes! South in an uproar!.
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North and South two distinctly different regions
North – their reality – industry and
South – their reality – agriculture
California Gold Rush – 1849
Entered the Union as a free state – supported by President Zachary Taylor who succeeded Polk.
South saw it as an attack on their way of life. CA both above and below the MO Compromise of 1820 36-30 line.
Congressional Giants of the Day
Sen. Daniel Webster (MA)
I speak not as a Mass. man, nor as a Northern man, but as an American
Sen. John C. Calhoun (SC)
The Great Nullifier
Sen. Henry Clay of KY – The Great Compromiser
Sen. Stephen Douglas (IL)
Unbundled Compromise of 1850
Kansas-Nebraska Act - 1854
Supporter of Popular Sovereignty.
Repealed the MO Compromise 1820.
He had a vested interest in seeing the land settled quickly because he wanted to build a railroad across these territories. The Kansas-Nebraska Act was a major cause of the Civil War!
Compromise of 1850
Fugitive Slave Act
Uncle Tom’s Cabin – Harriet Beecher Stowe
Kansas-Nebraska Act leads to
Brooks Attacks Sumner
Dred Scott Case
Raid on Harper’s Ferry – John Brown
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Uncle Tom’s Cabin
John Wilkes Booth – Actor and Southern sympathizer.
Present at Brown’s hanging in 1859.
John Brown’s Hanging After Harper’s Ferry Raid – trying to gain weapons to lead an armed slave revolt.
John Brown – “I only have one life and I will die fighting for this cause (abolition of slavery).”
Election of 1860
Constitutional Union Party
Republican – Lincoln – 180 electoral votes – 59.4% of electoral vote - 1.8 million votes
Democratic – Douglas - 12 electoral votes - 4.0% - 1.4 million
S. Democratic – Breckenridge – 72 - 23.8% .848
Constitutional Union – Bell - 39 - 12.9% .590
11 States Secede from the Union
The burning question, “Would President Lincoln let them go without a fight?”
Which side actually started the war?
DISUNION WRAP UP QUESTIONS
Who/What was the most significant person/event that propelled America towards the Civil War?
Could war have been avoided? Why or why not?
While studying and researching, did you identify more with the North or the South? Why do you think you picked this region?