The United States of America Inglise keel 9.klass Kersti Piir Valga Gümnaasium Valga maakond Juhendaja Igor Jallai
The USA is a huge country • From the border with Canada in the north to the border with Mexico in the south, it is 2500 km. • From the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west, it is 4500 km. • A train takes 45 hours to cross the country. • A plane can fly from coast to coast in just 5 hours.
Facts Language: English National Holiday: Independence Day, July 4 National Anthem: “The Star-Spangled Banner” Monetary Unit: U.S. dollar President- is elected for six- year terms( G.W.Bush- now)
What does Stars and stripes mean? • It is the name of the flag of the USA • Each star on the American flag represents one of the 50 states.
How many states are there in the USA? • There are 50 states. • All states have nicknames. • People call Kansas the Sunflower state. • Florida- the Sunshine State. • Arkansas- the land of opportunity. • The largest state- Alaska. • The smallest state- Rhode Island
Cities • Washington DC • New York • Boston ( a big cultural and educational centre.) • Chicago- the third largest city in the country • Los Angeles- the second largest city, the film capital • Philadelphia- historic city. Boston
Washington, D.C. • Washington is the capital city of the USA. D.C.- district of Columbia. • It was founded in 1791. • Today Washington is a city which attracts a lot of tourists. • The sights- the home of the first president George Washington, The Washington Monument, the White House and others. Lincoln`s memorial Supreme court
New York • New York is the largest city in the USA. • The city consists of five boroughs: • Manhattan ( There are almost all the famous sights.) • Queens • the Bronx • Brooklyn • Staten Island Statue of Liberty
What are the biggest rivers and lakes in the USA? • The Missouri, the Mississippi( the longest, 5,936 km), the Columbia River, the Colorado River, the Rio Grande. • Lake Superior ( the biggest), Lake Michigan, Lake Huron, Lake Erie, Lake Ontario.The deepest- Crater Lake in Oregon- 580 m. • Great Salt Lake is 4 times as salty as any ocean. The Mississippi
Niagara Falls • Niagara Falls lie on the border between New York State and Ontario, Canada. • More than 50 metres high and 1 km wide. Niagara Falls
The biggest mountain chains in the USA? • The Sierra Nevada, the Cascades, the Rocky Mountains in the west. • The Appalachians in the east. • The highest peak of the States, Mount McKinley, lies in Alaska-6,198m above sea level. Sierra Nevada The Rocky Mountains
Climate • Mostly temperate, but tropical in Hawaii and Florida and arctic in Alaska, semiarid in the Great Plains west of the Mississippi River, and arid in the Great Basin of the Southwest. • In California the summer is ten months long. • In Alaska the winter can last more than half the year. • The wettest place is a mountain in Hawaii, where it rains on 350 days a year. • In one year over 31 metres fell on Mount Rainier in the state of Washington.
The hottest place • The hottest place is Death Valley in California.In one summer the temperature there did`not fall below 49°C for 43 days. • It is the lowest point- 86 meters below sea level. Death Valley
Pair work Talk to your partners. 1. What does “Stars and Stripes mean?” 2. How many states are there in the USA? 3. What are the biggest rivers and lakes in the USA? 4. Name some mountain chains in North America? 5. What are the biggest cities in the States? Look at the map and ask each other these questions. 1. Which states are next to the Atlantic Ocean, Mississippi, Canadian border, Mexican border, Pacific Ocean? 2. What is the capital of Utah? 3. Which state is west of Kansas, South- east of Colorado?