Nixon’s Domestic Policy - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Nixon’s Domestic Policy

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  1. Nixon’s Domestic Policy

  2. Nixon in Person • Unlike most politicians, Richard Nixon was a reserved and remote man • Many respected him for his experience and political strategies • He had few close friends, and often people thought he was cold and even had a mean side with his enemies • Nixon avoided his Cabinet and used his White House staff to help develop policies

  3. Domestic Policy • Restoring law and order was one of them most important aspects of Nixon’s domestic policy • Inflation • Inflation had doubled between 1965 and 1968 • Nixon began deficit spending or spending more money in a year than the government receives in revenues • He also proposed a 90-day freeze on wage, prices, and rents

  4. Domestic Policy • Oil Crisis • The nation’s growing population and economy used more energy every year • Coal had environmental concerns • Americans depended on cheap oil for about 1/3 of energy needs • After the U.S. backed Israel, Arab members of OPEC imposed an embargo or ban on shipping oil to the U.S. • Oil prices skyrocketed • The result was a recession

  5. Domestic Policy • Social Programs • Nixon hoped to cut spending by shutting down some of the Great Society programs • Nixon called for a new partnership between the federal government and the state governments know as the New Federalism • States would assume greater responsibility for the well-being of their own citizens

  6. The “Southern Strategy” • Nixon believed he had little to gain by supporting advances in civil rights • “There are those who want instant integration and those who want segregation forever, I believe that we need to have a middle course between those two extremes.” • Southern strategy was to win over white southern Democrats • Nixon repeatedly opposed acts to help African Americans

  7. The First Moon Landing • On July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong descended from the Eagle lunar landing craft and set foot on the moon’s surface • Television viewers around the world witnessed this triumph of the Apollo program • The astronauts of Apollo 11 were welcomed back as heroes