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“ The Singapore Armed Forces Experience in Countering Piracy in the Gulf of Aden ”. RADM Harris Chan Commander CTF 151 March - June 2011 Commander, Maritime Security Task Force (MSTF)/ Director, Multi-National Operations (MNO). Piracy Trends in the GoA Tactics, Techniques and Procedures.
“The Singapore Armed Forces Experience in Countering Piracy in the Gulf of Aden” RADM Harris Chan Commander CTF 151 March - June 2011 Commander, Maritime Security Task Force (MSTF)/ Director, Multi-National Operations (MNO)
Piracy Trends in the GoA Tactics, Techniques and Procedures Expanding Pirate Hunting Ground • Expanding operating areas beyond Somalia - Pirates operating up to 1400nm , often outside the reach of patrolling coalition assets. • Hostages used as “human shield” to hinder military disruption efforts. • Continued use of dhows as “mothership” to evade detection and extend operating area.
Piracy Trends in the GoA 2010 vs 2011 CAA 1 FEB 2012 • Comparing with 2010, last year saw an increase in pirate attempts but decrease in pirated ships. • Currently, the pirates are holding on to 5 ships (154 hostages) at their pirate anchorages (as compared to 45 ships in 2010.)
Piracy Trends in the GoA Climate as an Influencing Factor CAA 1 FEB 2012
Piracy Trends in the GoA Increasing Violence Against Hostages
Piracy Trends in the GoA Tougher Military Stance
Piracy Trends in the GoA Possible Piracy - Terror Nexus?
Piracy Trends in the GoA Changing Inland Situation in Somalia
A Multi-National Approach to Countering Piracy CMF Nations Australia Bahrain Canada Denmark France Germany Japan Belgium Greece Italy Jordan Kuwait EU (Op Atalanta) NATO (Op Ocean Shield) China India Indonesia Japan Malaysia Russia Independent Deployers Brunei Qatar Yemen Philippines Portugal UK Non-CMF Nations Pakistan Saudi Arabia ROK Thailand Spain Turkey UAE USA New Zealand Netherlands Singapore Singaporeis one of25 countries in the Combined Maritime Forces Countries which participated in SAF-led Missions • Collective and concerted multi-national approach in counter-piracy operations. • Internationality of SAF-led CTF 151. • Strong commitment from Australia, Denmark, France, Korea, Netherlands, Thailand, UK and US. However, Italy and Spain may review commitment due to reduced ops budget.
A Comprehensive Strategy to Countering Piracy International Forum for Countries, Organisations & Industry Groups Strategic Singapore Ambassador Ms Mary Seet hosting the 9th Plenary Session of the CGPCS • Info Sharing between Coalition, Ind Deployers & Civilian Stakeholders Shared Awareness & De-confliction Meeting in Bahrain Maritime Info Exchange Vessel Operators Meeting in Dubai Ops Coordination between Military Assets Sector Patrol Maritime Air Patrols Disruption Operations Operational Bringing together Relevant Stakeholders
SAF’s Counter Piracy Missions to the Gulf of Aden SAF Contributions to Counter-Piracy Operations Senior National Rep to CMF SAF Task Group: LST and Two SP Helos Command of CTF 151 SAF Maritime Patrol Aircraft Detachment 2011 2010 2009
Multi-National Collaboration in the GoA Yemen CHINA KOREA INDIA MALAYSIA JAPAN Somailia CTF 465 CTF 465 CTF 151 CTF 508 SPAIN ITALY SINGAPORE SPAIN • Jan – Apr 12 IRTC/ GOA CO-ORDINATOR • Jan – Apr 11 • Apr – Jun 11 • Jun – Jan 12 • SAF CTF 151 assumed as the IRTC coordinator from Apr to Jun 11. • Operational responses are closely co-ordinated between coalition and Independent Deployers.
Establishing Info-Sharing Networks CMF EUNAVFOR NATO Shipping Community Independent Deployers
Independent Deployers MERCURY UK MTO Indonesian Navy INMARSAT (Voice) Djibouti Maritime HQ MMS VHF Yemen Coast Guard ACCESS II Merchant Vessels Pakistan Navy • Enhancing Information Sharing CTF 150 MPRA CTF 508 Korean Navy CENTRIXS CTF 465 Merchant Vessels • Secured • Access Limited to ----Coalition Partners • Non-Secured • Web-Based Japan Maritime Self Defense Force CTF 151 • Password-Enabled • Satcom-Based French Alindien HQ
Enhancing Cooperation Amongst Partners Indonesia Pakistan UK S. Korea Portugal USA Spain China Japan European Union
Lessons Learnt for Maritime Security in ASEAN Establishing Collaborative Info-sharing Networks Fostering Mutual Understanding& Trust Cooperative Maritime Security Frameworks Building Interoperability & Capacity
Establishing Collaborative Info-Sharing Networks Creating A Regional Network Of Networks Thailand Maritime Enforcement Coordination Centre Philippines Maritime Research Information Centre Malaysia Maritime Enforcement Agency Brunei Maritime Rescue Coordination Centre Singapore Information Fusion Centre Australia Border Protection Command Indonesia PuskodalBatam Info Sharing Centre Indonesia GuskamlabarBatam Operations Centre New Zealand National Maritime Coordination Centre Regional Info-Sharing and Ops Coordination Centres
Establishing Collaborative Info-Sharing Networks ASEAN Information Sharing Portal 1st ASEAN Info Sharing Workshop (Nov 11)
Fostering Mutual Understanding & Trust Through Regular Exchanges and Dialogues 5th ASEAN Defence Ministers’ Meeting 2011 5th ASEAN Navy Chiefs’ Meeting 2011
Building Interoperability and Capacity Through Exercises Maritime Information Sharing Exercise 2011 Ex COBRAGOLD 2011 Ex SEACAT 2011 Western Pacific MCMEX 2011