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Alabama Department of Public Health

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  1. Alabama Department of Public Health Employee Manual for Emergency Response May 2010

  2. Take Home Points • Why was the Employee Manual for Emergency Response developed? • What are the types of emergency response? • How do ADPH staff use the Employee Manual for Emergency Response?

  3. Why was the Employee Manual for Emergency Response developed? Alabama Department of Public Health (ADPH) Mission • To serve the people of Alabama by assuring conditions in which they can be healthy.

  4. Why was the Employee Manual for Emergency Response developed? Manual Purpose • Provide direction for ADPH employees when responding to emergency situations for the department • All employees are essential to emergency response

  5. Why was the Employee Manual for Emergency Response developed? Background • More than 130 years ago, medical leaders in Alabama advocated constitutional authority to oversee matters of public health • Every emergency is local and has medical aspects in the response

  6. Why was the Employee Manual for Emergency Response developed? Background (cont.) • There are times when the emergency needs are greater than the local resources can handle • ADPH employees throughout the state are called upon to support and assist the local response Hurricane Katrina 2005

  7. What are the types of emergency response? Medical Needs Shelter • The most common response of ADPH • Necessitated by natural or man-made disasters • Shelter of last resort during an emergency situation for persons with conditions requiring limited medical/nursing oversight and who cannot be accommodated in a mass care shelter Fairhope MNS 2005

  8. Why was the Employee Manual for Emergency Response developed? Medical Needs Shelter (cont.) • Secure facility • Staff can provide medical oversight to persons who bring their own caregiver, medical supplies, equipment, and special dietary supplies. • MNS team members are assigned in advance Fairhope MNS 2005

  9. What are the types of emergency response? Medical Needs Shelter (cont.) • MNS teams are composed of public health employees from all disciplines • Staff may be trained to function in other capacities Fairhope MNS 2005

  10. What are the types of emergency response? Point of Dispensing • Part of the Strategic National Stockpile (SNS) plan • ADPH is the lead agency for the SNS • The SNS is a national repository of antibiotics, chemical antidotes, antitoxins, life-support medications, IV supplies, airway maintenance supplies, and medical/surgical items Mobile POD Exercise 2005

  11. What are the types of emergency response? Point of Dispensing (cont.) • The assets will be broken down transported to Regional Distribution Sites (RDS) located in each public health area • The assets are then divided again for the area counties • From the county staging area, assets are transported to POD sites, treatment centers, and other locations (i.e. closed POD) as determined within each county SNS 12 Hour Push Package

  12. What are the types of emergency response? Point of Dispensing (cont.) • PODs are set up by the local Emergency Management Agency (EMA) prior to ADPH arrival for operation • ADPH employees will be given Job Action Sheets detailing their role in the POD Tuscaloosa POD Exercise 2005

  13. What are the types of emergency response? Mass Care Shelter (MCS) • For people displaced in an emergency event • Generally managed by the American Red Cross • A nurse from public health may be asked to make visits in an MCS to assess the shelterees’ health and social needs Tuscaloosa MCS 2005

  14. What are the types of emergency response? Mass Care Shelter (cont.) • ADPH is supportive of medical response in mass sheltering • Can hold several hundred people Tuscaloosa MCS 2005

  15. What are the types of emergency response? Mass Care Shelter (cont.) • An aide may assist the nurse in assessing the health of clients • A social worker may be asked to assess the social services needs of clients in a mass care shelter • An environmentalist may be asked to assess the safety (food, water, etc.)

  16. What are the types of emergency response? Comfort Care Center • Developed for use during a pandemic influenza event • Voluntarily operated by a faith-based, community, or business organization • Component of a county’s pandemic influenza operational plan Pandemic Influenza 1918

  17. What are the types of emergency response? Comfort Care Center (cont.) • Provides non-hospital care to individuals in the community who are sick with the flu and have no one to care for them at home • Offers basic home services to reduce fever, pain, and dehydration by providing over-the-counter medications and simple supportive measures

  18. What are the types of emergency response? Alternative/Alternate Care Site • Mass casualty incidents could result in a hospital opening an alternative/alternate care site • Serves as a medical facility if the emergency requires this degree of response • ADPH is the lead agency for coordination of medical resources during an emergency; however, this is a coordinated effort between healthcare facilities and EMA Looking down on the floor of the Peter Maravich Assembly Center on the LSU campus in Baton Rouge where acute care patients were treated. Photo courtesy of LSU

  19. What are the types of emergency response? Medical Station Set-Up Teams • Mobile Medical Stations can also be used to support Medical Needs Shelters, Triage Points, and other medical services. • ADPH has purchased seven Mobile Medical Stations, each capable of supporting 50 patients for seven days • ADPH has granted funds to the Poarch Band of Creek Indians to purchase three Mobile Medical Stations Mobile Medical Station

  20. What are the types of emergency response? Medical Station Set-Up Teams (cont.) • Capability of supporting 500 patients for seven days or a total of 3,500 patient days • Supplies are limited and available on a priority basis • ADPH employees may be required to serve on the Medical Station Set-Up Teams Mobile Medical Station

  21. What are the types of emergency response? Medical Station Set-Up Teams (cont.) • ADPH has also purchased 700 portable medical cots with disposable linen sets which can be used to establish alternative/alternate care sites, Medical Needs Shelters, or support hospital surge capacity and increase capacity at Mobile Medical Stations

  22. What are the types of emergency response? Out-of-State Response or Emergency Management Assistance Compact • The Emergency Management Assistance Compact (EMAC) offers state-to-state assistance during governor-declared states of emergency • Mutual aid agreement and partnership between member states • System for states to send personnel and equipment to help disaster relief efforts in other states Kentucky EMAC 2009

  23. What are the types of emergency response? Out-of-State Response or Emergency Management Assistance Compact (cont.) • ADPH staff might have to respond on a team • Deployment into another state is normally for a period of 14 days • Responding teams will be under both the direction of the partner state and the department’s Center for Emergency Preparedness (CEP) during deployment Kentucky EMAC 2009

  24. What are the types of emergency response? Radiological - Expanded Radiological Emergency Response Team (ERERT) • To ensure the public is protected from excess exposure to ionizing radiation • The ADPH Office of Radiation responds to an incident to provide assistance in detecting and measuring • Two environmentalists and two nurses from each Public Health Area are assigned as members of the ERERT

  25. What are the types of emergency response? Epidemiological/Chemical • An unknown substance may be a solid (e.g., powder), a liquid, or a gaseous or aerosol release and could be biological or chemical • ADPH Bureau of Clinical Laboratories (BCL) will be responsible for completing laboratory testing • The BCL Chemical Terrorism and Biological Terrorism Laboratories are certified by CDC and the U.S. Department of Justice to perform analyses to demonstrate the presence of chemical or biological materials that may be injurious to health Anthrax 2001

  26. What are the types of emergency response? Epidemiological/Chemical (cont.) • Guidance will be provided as necessary by ADPH regarding additional required actions, before and while awaiting the results of the Laboratory Response Network (LRN) laboratory testing • Public Health stores a limited supply of medications to provide prophylaxis for 3 to 5 or 10 days to 600 individuals potentially exposed to an antibiotic responsive biological agent • Medications will not be released without the explicit instruction by an ADPH attending physician

  27. What are the types of emergency response? • Epidemiological/Chemical (cont.) • ADPH personnel shall distribute medication as needed • The ADPH Epidemiology Division will provide qualified personnel to initiate epidemiology support to any UNKNOWN SUBSTANCE INCIDENT • ADPH has employees that are assigned to an Epi Response Team

  28. What are the types of emergency response? Epidemiological/Chemical (cont.) • The Epi Response Team will be available to the Incident Commander to initiate interviews with individuals, including first responders, evacuated or removed from the scene • The initial ADPH interviews, to be conducted subsequent to law enforcement interviews, will consist of obtaining demographic information from these individuals • Employees may be assigned to help the Epi Response Team conduct these duties

  29. What are the types of emergency response? Public Health Partner Roles • Emergencies require collaboration of many agencies • Employees from partner agencies perform roles that have interaction with ADPH employees

  30. What are the types of emergency response? Public Health Partner Roles (cont.) Department of Human Resources • Provides social workers in a MNS to conduct registration of patients and assist ADPH social work staff as needed

  31. What are the types of emergency response? Public Health Partner Roles (cont.) Department of Mental Health • The Alabama Department of Mental Health partners with ADPH in a MNS by responding to mental health and substance abuse referrals

  32. What are the types of emergency response? Public Health Partner Roles (cont.) Emergency Management Agency • Assists the needs of disaster victims, as well as assisting local government in preparedness, response, and recovery • Coordinates with federal and state agencies to facilitate the state’s disaster preparedness • Each county has a local EMAdirector who works with the ADPH Emergency Preparedness area team and the local county health department staff to develop an emergency plan for each county

  33. What are the types of emergency response? Public Health Partner Roles (cont.) Emergency Medical Services • Duties of EMS can include, but are not limited to: • Assisting with triage assessment • Ongoing physical assessment of patients • Assisting patients with the activities of daily living • Assisting in emergency situations, to level of licensure, following established protocols

  34. What are the types of emergency response? Public Health Partner Roles (cont.) Security/Law Enforcement • The Emergency Management Agency will collaborate with local authorities to provide security during an emergency response • Duties of a security/law enforcement officer include, but are not limited to: • Removing disruptive patient/caregivers • Monitoring for criminal activity • Maintaining civil tranquility

  35. What are the types of emergency response? Public Health Partner Roles (cont.) Volunteers • ADPH is a committed partner with community volunteer agencies • Volunteers are essential to an emergency response • Types of volunteers specific to each community

  36. What are the types of emergency response? Public Health Partner Roles (cont.) Emergency System for Advance Registration of Volunteer Health Professionals (ESAR-VHP) • Standardized database of healthcare personnel who volunteer to provide aid in an emergency • Includes verifiable and up-to-date information regarding the volunteer’s identity, licensure, credentialing, and accreditation and privileging, in hospitals and other medical facilities • Secure system that gives each state the ability to quickly identify and better utilize health professional volunteers during emergencies and disasters

  37. What are the types of emergency response? Public Health Partner Roles (cont.) Emergency System for Advance Registration of Volunteer Health Professionals (ESAR-VHP) • Eliminates critical problems encountered when utilizing volunteers • The ADPH Volunteer Network Registry within the ADPH Learning Content Management System (LCMS) which is the ESAR-VHP database for the State of Alabama

  38. What are the types of emergency response? Public Health Partner Roles (cont.) American Red Cross • A humanitarian organization led by volunteers and guided by its Congressional Charter and the Fundamental Principles of the International Red Cross Movement • Will provide relief to victims of disaster and help people prevent, prepare for, and respond to emergencies • Mass care shelters are generally managed by the ARC, in cooperation with other partners

  39. What are the types of emergency response? Public Health Partner Roles (cont.) Community Emergency Response Team (CERT) • Educates people about disaster preparedness for hazards that may impact their area • Trains them in basic disaster response skills: • Fire safety • Light search and rescue • Team organization • Disaster medical operations. • CERT members can assist others in their neighborhood or workplace following an event when professional responders are not immediately available to help

  40. What are the types of emergency response? Public Health Partner Roles (cont.) Medical Reserve Corps (MRC) • Comprised of organized medical and public health professionals who serve as volunteers to respond to natural disasters and emergencies • These volunteers assist communities nationwide during emergencies and in ongoing efforts in public health. • The MRC program provides the structure necessary to deploy medical and public health personnel in response to an emergency

  41. How do ADPH staff use the Employee Manual for Emergency Response? Incident Command System • Used when ADPH begins a response to an emergency event • A structured and orderly system in which each supervisor has a limited span of control

  42. How do ADPH staff use the Employee Manual for Emergency Response? Incident Command System (cont.) • Each employee has one task and one supervisor • The assigned task and supervisor may be different from that of day-to-day operations

  43. How do ADPH staff use the Employee Manual for Emergency Response? Incident Command System (cont.) • Every employee is required to take the NIMS courses IS 100 and IS 700 • Some employees are required to take additional NIMS courses • Your supervisor will instruct you on what other courses, if any, you will be required to complete

  44. How do ADPH staff use the Employee Manual for Emergency Response? Incident Command System (cont.) • All training must be documented through the Learning Content Management System (LCMS) managed in the Bureau of Professional and Support Services

  45. How do ADPH staff use the Employee Manual for Emergency Response? ADPH Employee Responsibilities • Every employee of the ADPH is required to respond, if needed, to public health emergencies • Employee response is NOT optional; it is mandatory Mobile Medical Station Exercise 2008

  46. How do ADPH staff use the Employee Manual for Emergency Response? ADPH Employee Responsibilities (cont.) • Failure to respond, except in personal emergencies, may result in progressive discipline. Every possible consideration is given to special circumstances of individuals in determining the disaster assignments given to employees • ADPH employees are not first responders and are not asked to go into situations of unreasonable danger Mobile Medical Station Exercise 2008

  47. How do ADPH staff use the Employee Manual for Emergency Response? ADPH Employee Responsibilities (cont.) • Employees are chosen for emergency response teams based on the need • The role in which an employee serves depends on his or her skills and experience • You can feel secure that in any role you may be asked to serve, you will be supported by a team and will have supervision Mobile Medical Station Equipment

  48. How do ADPH staff use the Employee Manual for Emergency Response? ADPH Employee Responsibilities (cont.) • If you are not comfortable with a task or need assistance, you should communicate your concerns to your supervisor in the ICS structure • Support staff and ICS leaders can be reached through the communication systems in place during the event • The local area administrator and leadership team will provide support within the area in which you serve Mobile Medical Station Trailer

  49. How do ADPH staff use the Employee Manual for Emergency Response? Roles in Response Safety Officer • Any ADPH Employee can serve as the safety officer • Safety in the MNS is the responsibility of ADPH • Assessing the facility layout for optimal usage

  50. How do ADPH staff use the Employee Manual for Emergency Response? Roles in Response Safety Officer (cont.) • Ensuring that facility entrance and exit paths are free of any obstructions or tripping hazards • Ensuring proper waste disposal • Working with shelter or local environmentalists to ensure proper staging of food service