Adjectives
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Adjectives. Adjectives. An adjective is a word used to describe/modify a noun or pronoun. Adjectives answer the questions: What kind? How many? Which one? or How much?. What kind? . We watched the fast horses. Red cars outsell red trucks. A copper pan is difficult to clean. How many?.

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Adjectives1
Adjectives

  • An adjective is a word used to describe/modify a noun or pronoun.

  • Adjectives answer the questions:

    • What kind? How many? Which one? or How much?


What kind
What kind?

  • We watched the fast horses.

  • Red cars outsell red trucks.

  • A copper pan is difficult to clean.


How many
How many?

  • Few people attended the show.

  • Four players were injured during the game.

  • She received both prizes.


Which one
Which one?

  • Did you buy those shoes?

  • He is on his third warning.


How much
How much?

  • Is there enough space in the room?

  • I expect more effort from everyone.

  • There has been no rain for three weeks.


Articles
Articles

  • The = definite article

    • The noun it modifies refers to a specific person, place, or thing.

  • A and an = indefinite articles

    • The nouns they modify refer to any one of a class of people, places, or things.


When to use a and an
When to use A and An

  • A—before words that begin with a consonant sound

  • An—Words that begin with a vowel sound or a silent H

    • An hour


Proper adjectives
Proper Adjectives

  • A proper adjective is a proper noun used as an adjective or an adjective formed from a proper noun.

  • Proper adjectives begin with a capital letter.

  • Examples:

    • Mexican museum

    • Chicago storm



Adverbs

Adverbs

Modifies a verb, adjective, or another adverb.


Examples
Examples

  • Mike scrambled quickly from the icy pond.

  • He was extremely cold.

  • He had fallen into the pond quiteaccidentally.


Adjectives


Adverbs modifying adjectives
Adverbs Modifying Adjectives

  • Answers the question: To what extent?

  • Usually comes directly before the adjective:

    • very glad

    • absolutely wrong

    • almost ready

    • entirely grateful


Adverbs modifying adverbs
Adverbs Modifying Adverbs

  • Answers the question: To what extent?

  • Generally comes directly before the adverb:

    • moved very quickly

    • climbed almost over

    • not completely wrong

    • only just recognizable


Adjectives