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Yeshua in Succot. How Yeshua Fulfills the Feast of Tabernacles. Sukkot in Biblical Times.

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yeshua in succot

Yeshua in Succot

How Yeshua Fulfills the

Feast of Tabernacles

sukkot in biblical times
Sukkot in Biblical Times
  • Speak to the children of Israel, saying, "On the fifteenth day of this seventh month is the festival of Sukkos, a seven-day period for HaShem. The first day shall be a sacred holiday when you may not do any work. ...The eighth day is a sacred holiday to you... it is an atzeres, you may not do any work. ...
sukkot in biblical times1
Sukkot in Biblical Times
  • On the first day you must take for yourself a fruit of the citron tree, an unopened palm frond, myrtle branches, and brook willows, and you shall rejoice before HaShem for seven days. ...
sukkot in biblical times2
Sukkot in Biblical Times
  • You shall dwell in sukkos for seven days....it is a permanent regulation, generation after generation… So that your future generations shall know that I had the children of Israel live in sukkos when I brought them out of Egypt..
  • (Leviticus) 23:34-43
sukkot in biblical times3
Sukkot in Biblical Times
  • The Feast of Tabernacles is by far the most festive and joyous of occasions.
  • The Feasts were given to Israel within the boundaries of their relationship to God.
  • The Fall Feasts reflect three aspects of our relationship with God:
sukkot in biblical times4
Sukkot in Biblical Times
  • Rosh Hashanah – Days of Trumpets
    • Repentance
  • Yom Kippur – Day of Atonement
    • Redemption
  • Sukkot – Feast of Tabernacles
    • Rejoicing
sukkot in biblical times5
Sukkot in Biblical Times
  • Sukkot was celebrated following the outline in Leviticus:
    • They lived in booths made of boughs of trees and branches of palm trees for the seven days of the feast (Lev. 23:42).
    • They rested from all regular work on the first and eighth days.
sukkot in biblical times6
Sukkot in Biblical Times
  • Sukkot was celebrated following the outline in Leviticus:
    • The Priest offered sacrifices on the seven days, beginning with thirteen bullocks and other animals on the first day and diminishing by one bullock each day until, on the seventh, seven bullocks were offered.
sukkot in biblical times7
Sukkot in Biblical Times
  • Sukkot was celebrated following the outline in Leviticus:
    • On the eighth day there was a solemn assembly when one bullock, one ram, and seven lambs were offered (Num. 29:36). The sacrifices offered during this time amounted to 189 animals.
sukkot in biblical times8
Sukkot in Biblical Times
  • Sukkot was celebrated following the outline in Leviticus:
    • Men carried the cluster of branches to the synagogue to wave as they rejoiced before the Lord, as commanded by the Lord (Lev. 23:40).
sukkot in biblical times9
Sukkot in Biblical Times
  • Water was also an important part of the Feast of Tabernacles.
  • This ceremony lasted seven days.
  • The last day was called Hosha’na Rabba -- Day of the Great Hosanna.
    • Priests blew trumpets & waved branches
    • People sang the Great Hallel (Psalms 113-118)
sukkot in the future
SukkotIn The Future
  • The Feast of Sukkot will be celebrated in the Millinial Reign of Messiah Yeshua
  • Zec 14:16- Finally, everyone remaining from all the nations that came to attack Yerushalayim will go up every year to worship the king, ADONAI-Tzva'ot, and to keep the festival of Sukkot.
the sukkah
The Sukkah
  • The core of the symbols in Sukkot is the Sukkah – The Booth.
    • The symbols point to relationship…
the sukkah1
The Sukkah
  • The Sukkah is a temporary structure which reminds us of two things..
    • The wanderings of our forefathers in the wilderness all the while surrounded by God’s presence which brought His provision.
    • The transience of this life and that the only permanence and true protection is in His presence and love.
the sukkah of yahwah our protection
The Sukkah of Yahwah – Our Protection
  • The Sukkahalso reminds us of Yahwah’s protection over us…
    • Psalm 27:5 For he will conceal me in his shelter (sukkah) on the day of trouble, he will hide me in the folds of his tent, he will set me high on a rock.
the sukkah of yahwah our protection1
The Sukkah of Yahwah – Our Protection
  • The Sukkahalso reminds us of Yahwah’s protection over us… Psalm
    • 31:19 But oh, how great is your goodness, which you have stored up for those who fear you, which you do for those who take refuge in you, before people's very eyes!
    • 31:20 In the shelter of your presence you hide them from human plots, you conceal them in your shelter (sukkah - hkko ) , safe from contentious tongues.
the sukkah2
The Sukkah
  • The Sukkah is built with a living roof open to the stars.
  • Green palm leaves arranged so that the stars can be seen at night.
    • Greenery because HaShem is a God of Life
    • Stars because HaShem is a God of Light.
the sukkah3
The Sukkah
  • Life and Light…
  • Genesis 1:4And God saw that the light was good (suitable, pleasant) and He approved it; and God separated the light from the darkness.
  • John 1:4In Him was Life, and the Life was the Light of men.
the sukkah4
The Sukkah
  • Life and Light…
  • Genesis 1:14    Then God said, "Let there be lights in the expanse of the heavens to separate the day from the night, and let them be for signs and for seasons and for days and years;
  • John 1:14 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.
the lulav and etrog
The Lulav And Etrog
  • And you shall take for you on the first day, the fruit of the tree ‘hadar’ and branches of palm trees, and a bough of the tree avot and willows of the brook, and you shall rejoice before Hashem, your G-d, seven days. Leviticus Chapter 23:40
the lulav and etrog2
The Lulav And Etrog
  • Symbolism of the Four Species
  • The "Etrog," the Citron, resembles in its shape, the heart, the driving force behind all our actions.
  • The "Lulav," the Palm Branch, resembles the spine, which holds the body together and, without which, we would be unable to move.
  • The "Hadasim," the Myrtle Branches, resemble, in their almond-shape, the eyes, with which we behold G-d's World.
  • And the "Aravot," the Willow Branches, resemble the lips, with which we give expression to our thoughts and feelings.
the lulav and etrog3
The Lulav And Etrog
  • Symbolism of the Four Species of Men
  • The "Etrog" has both a pleasant taste and a pleasant aroma, symbolizing one who possesses both the blessings of knowledge of Torah and of good deeds.
  • The "Lulav," the branch of a tree (the date palm) the fruit of which has good taste but no aroma, symbolizes the person who has Torah knowledge but not good deeds.
  • The "Hadas," the myrtle, which has pleasant aroma only, symbolizes the person who has good deeds but not Torah.
  • And the "Aravah," the willow branch, which has neither pleasant taste nor pleasant aroma, symbolizes the person who has neither Torah nor good deeds.
the lulav and etrog4
The Lulav And Etrog
  • While the priest waved the Lulav the people sang the Great Hallel – Hosanna – from Psalms 113 – 118 .
  • This reminds us of another time when Palm branches were waved and Hosanna was sang…
the lulav and etrog5
The Lulav And Etrog
  • John 12:13(The people) Took branches of palm trees, and went forth to meet him, and cried, Hosanna: B lessedis the King of Israel that cometh in the name of the Lord.
the water libation
The Water Libation
  • Water was also an important part of the Feast of Tabernacles.
  • Gold pitchers of water were brought from the pool of Siloam to the temple.
  • The Priest would pour out the water over the altar.
  • The priest would recite Isaiah 12:1-3.
  • “Therefore with joy shall ye draw water out of the wells of salvation.”
the water libation1
The Water Libation
  • On the last day and greatest day of the Feast of Tabernacles (the day the Rabbis poured the water) Jesus stood and proclaimed Himself the very fountain of living water in John 7:37-38.
the water libation2
The Water Libation
  • John 7:37- 38 Now on the last day of the festival, HoshanaRabbah, Yeshua stood and cried out, "If anyone is thirsty, let him keep coming to me and drinking! Whoever puts his trust in me, as the Scripture says, rivers of living water will flow from his inmost being!"
the temple light show
The Temple Light Show
  • After the water ceremony, during the evening, special festivities called Simchat Bet HaShoevah [happiness of the house of the water-drawing] occurred.
  • During this time the four towering menorahs were lit up and the priests would put on a "light show," performing torch dances while the Levites sang and played music.
the temple light show1
The Temple Light Show
  • "He who has not seen the rejoicing at the Simchat Bet Hasheavah, has never seen rejoicing in his life" (Sukkah 5:1).
the temple light show2
The Temple Light Show
  • It was also during this time of Sukkot that Yeshua the Mashiach revealed Himself to be the Light of the world.
the temple light show3
The Temple Light Show
  • John 8:12 Yeshua spoke to them again: "I am the light of the world; whoever follows me will never walk in darkness but will have the light which gives life."
was messiah born on sukkot
Was Messiah Born on Sukkot?
  • The Conception of Yochanan (John the Baptist) / Luke 1:5-25
    • 1Chron. 24 tells us that the Levitical priesthood was divided into 12 divisions of priests.
    • Josephus (Antiquities 7) tells us that each division served for a period of one week.
    • The first division began its period of service on the first day of the year — 1 Nisan
was messiah born on sukkot1
Was Messiah Born on Sukkot?
  • The Conception of Yochanan (John the Baptist) / Luke 1:5-25
    • As Zekharyah was in the division of Aviyah (Luke 1:5), his term of service began in early Spring on the first day of the eighth week (27th of Ayyar) and ran for one week through the 4th of Sivan.
    • The angel, Gavri-El, appeared to Zachar'yah as he was ministering in the Temple.
    • The following week (5-11 Sivan) was Shavuot, the Feast of Pentecost.
was messiah born on sukkot2
Was Messiah Born on Sukkot?
  • The Conception of Yeshua (Jesus) / Luke 1:26-55
    • Near the end of the sixth month of Elisheva’s pregnancy the angel Gavri'el appeared to Miryam and told her about Elisheva saying, “this is the sixth month with her who was called barren.”
    • Miryam immediately left Natzeret (verse 39, “with haste”) and went to the “hill country” near Jerusalem to the home of Zekharyah and Elisheva.
    • Chanukah – Festival of Lights
was messiah born on sukkot3
Was Messiah Born on Sukkot?
  • The Birth of Yochanan/Luke1:56-80
    • The prophet Mal'akhi (Malachi) tells us that Eliyah (Elijah) the prophet must come to prepare the hearts of the fathers and their children before Mashiach comes.
    • Therefore, in anticipation of the coming of Mashiach, when Pesach (Passover) is celebrated, a place at the table is set and a cup of wine is poured for Eliyah (Elijah), and the door of the house is left open so that he may come in to the celebration.
was messiah born on sukkot4
Was Messiah Born on Sukkot?
  • The Birth of Yochanan/Luke1:56-80
    • For centuries before the birth of Messiah the Jews had been anticipating the return of Eliyah during Pesach.
    • The way in which Gavri'el worded his announcement to Zekharyah makes it clear that Yochanan was to be the fulfillment of Mal'akhi’s prophecy:
was messiah born on sukkot5
Was Messiah Born on Sukkot?
  • The Birth of Yochanan/Luke1:56-80
    • “He will turn many of the children of Yisra'el to the Lord, their God. He will go before his face in the spirit and power of Eliyah, ‘to turn the hearts of the fathers to the children,’ and the disobedient to the wisdom of the just; to make ready a people prepared for the Lord.”
was messiah born on sukkot6
Was Messiah Born on Sukkot?
  • The Birth of Yochanan/Luke1:56-80
    • • A full term pregnancy term is 41 weeks.
    • • There are 27 weeks in the first six months (two trimesters) of pregnancy.
    • • There are 27 weeks from the spring service of ofAbiyah to Chanukah.
    • • There are 14 weeks remaining to accomplish the last trimester and bring    the pregnancy to full term.
    • • There are exactly 14 weeks from Chanukah to Passover (Nisan 14-22).
was messiah born on sukkot7
Was Messiah Born on Sukkot?
  • The Conception of Yochanan (John the Baptist) / Luke 1:5-25
    • Shavout - Pentecost
  • The Conception of Yeshua (Jesus) / Luke 1:26-55
    • Chanukah – Festival of Lights
  • The Birth of Yochanan/Luke1:56-80
    • Pesach – Passover
  • The Birth of Yeshua/Luke 2
    • Sukkot – Feast of Tabernacles