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Resilient Power Pilot Project ( RESPO). Research project 2A-1TP1/065 " Increasing the resilience of the distribution system against long-term transmission grid blackout in order to enhance public safety”, supported by Czech Ministry of Industry and Trade. Ivan Benes, CityPlan spol. s r.o. .

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resilient power pilot project respo

Resilient Power Pilot Project(RESPO)

Research project 2A-1TP1/065 " Increasing the resilience of the distribution system against long-term transmission grid blackout in order to enhance public safety”, supported by Czech Ministry of Industry and Trade

Ivan Benes, CityPlanspol. s r.o..

34th IAEE International Conference

Stockholm, June 21-23, 2011

presentation outline
Presentation outline
  • Global risks
  • Why should city be more resilient
  • Power distribution resilient against blackout
  • RESPO pilot project
  • Economy of resilience
7 greatest risks in next decade
7 greatest risks in next decade

Environmental:

Climate change

Economic:

Fiscal crisis

Extreme energy price volatility

Societal:

Economic disparity

Water security

Global:

Global governance failure

Geopolitical conflict

Source: 2011 World Economic Forum

3 essential risk nexus
3 essential risk nexus
  • Macro-economic imbalances 
  • Illegal economy nexus 
  • Water – food – energy nexus

Source: 2011 World Economic Forum

water food energy nexus
Water – food – energy nexus

Biogas from sewage disposal plant could provide electricity for water supply

Source: 2011 World Economic Forum

presentation outline1
Presentation outline
  • Global risks
  • Why should city be more resilient
  • Power distribution resilient against blackout
  • RESPO pilot project
  • Economy of resilience
two thirds of the world s population will live in cities by 2030
Two thirds of the world's population will live in cities by 2030
  • Question: Why should we provide disaster risk reduction?
  • Answer: Why not if the community can break down in 5 days?
  • To be or not to be (prepared)?
slide9
Maintenance of basic needs is not at all commonplace in coming decades Smart solution can reduce the risk

Human needs by Maslow

Human safety approach

Basic needs to survive

blackout is sword of damocles over our cities
Blackout is sword of Damocles over our cities

Coincidence of weaknesses

Climate

change

Intentional

attack

BLACKOUT

Maslow's hierarchy of needs

Due to our dependency we are not able to ensure basic human needs as warmth, drink, food, protection, … without electricity

objective resilience of critical infrastructure maintenance of basic needs in all cases
Objective resilience of critical infrastructure: maintenance of basic needs in all cases

Critical infrastructure resiliency

Fast recovery regardless of economic damages

T > 5 days

presentation outline2
Presentation outline
  • Global risks
  • Why should city be more resilient
  • Power distribution resilient against blackout
  • RESPO pilot project
  • Economy of resilience
blackout can be caused and more frequently by windstorm
Blackout can be caused (and more frequently) by windstorm

2007: Kyrill

2008: Emma

Emma

2008: Emma – V415

Fortunately criterion N-1 was not exceed

respo is one of several r d critical infrastructure resilience projects
RESPO is one of several R&D critical infrastructure resilience projects

Preparedness of population on CBRN

threats (MI, 2006-2010)

Analysisofhumansafety

Analysis of human safety

Shared information

Shared information

Dependency of population protection on

Challenges for Critical Infrastructure

Challenges for Critical Infrastructure

critical infrastructure

(M

I

, 2004

-

2005)

Unacceptable risk

MI Ministry of Interior

MIT Ministry

of

Industry and Trade

Powerdistribution resilience against

Critical Infrastructure Resilience

Critical Infrastructure Resilience

poweroutage

(M

IT

, 2006

-

2011)

Shared information

Shared information

Black starts

(M

IT

, 2007

-

2009)

Risk mitigation

Risk mitigation

What utilities can do?

Residual risk

Public sector

Private sector

Dialogue

Emergency Power Supply

Emergency Power Supply

Systemic solution of emergency power

supply in crisis situation

(M

I

, 2007

-

2008)

Shared information

Shared information

Population & Property Protection

Population & Property Protection

Distribution of responsibility

slide15

Resilient Power Project (RESPO)

Functions: Islanding on the distribution level and crisis demand side managementLocal distribution grid operates like insulated island system

Key issue is interoperability between utility and municipal crisis planning

Priorities

SCADA

~

Crisis

plan

Transmission grid

interoperability

Available output

Prioritization

Dispatching

Site generation

e.g. sewage plant

~

Distribution grid

Local plant

~

District heat

smart meter

Demand side management

Inessentialconsumption

necessary

3 questions during the workshop for all stakeholders
3 questions during the workshop forallstakeholders
  • Can long term blackout occur?
    • All stakeholders answered YES!
  • Is it consequential crisis situation manageable only by Integrated Rescue Services?
    • All stakeholders answered NO!
  • Can utilities enhance municipal infrastructure if there will be political and legislative framework?
    • All stakeholders answered YES!
presentation outline3
Presentation outline
  • Global risks
  • Why should city be more resilient
  • Power distribution resilient against blackout
  • RESPO pilot project
  • Economy of resilience
water supply during flood in ceske budejovice budweis august 2002
Water supply during flood in Ceske Budejovice (Budweis), August 2002
  • City water supply was threatened by damage pipelinein its intersection with the river Malse
  • Municipal sewage disposal plant was flooded and damaged
  • Renewal of the sewage disposal plant has included biogas and cogeneration unit (2003-4)
  • Emergency source of drinking water was built in the neighborhood (2010)
  • It can be supplied with electricity from sewage disposal plant independently on the power grid (2011)

Able to work as an island

pre disaster condition and its following resilience
Pre-disaster conditionand its following resilience

Backup power

Main water supply

Water treatment

Diesel

Resilience after flood

Ceske Budejovice

(Budweis)

Resilience after flood

Emergency water supply independent on the power grid or diesel

presentation outline4
Presentation outline
  • Global risks
  • Why should city be more resilient
  • Power distribution resilient against blackout
  • RESPO pilot project
  • Economy of resilience
economy of resilience
Economy of resilience
  • Security R&D is necessary (5year program, 130mEUR)
  • Risk should be shared by all
  • Security must be internalized into business
  • Investment into infrastructure resiliency should be covered by customers (power, water, …)

Customers

CHP

DSO

CZK/MWh

CZK/a

CZK/a

MWh/a

Profit

Costs

Profit

Costs

costs of black start and power islanding are reasonable to compare other ancillary services
Costs of Black Start and Power Islanding are reasonable to compare other ancillary services

23 (2011)

Including Smart Meter

Just functionality

cityplan spol s r o
CityPlanspol. s r.o.

Contact: Ivan Benes

Address: Jindrisska 17, 110 00 Praha 1

ph.: 420 - 277 005 520

mobile: 420 - 603 261 470

fax: 420 - 224 922 072

e-mail: ivan.benes@cityplan.cz

www: http://www.cityplan.cz