Definitions for research: • Methodical investigation into a subject in order to discover facts, to establish or to develop a plan of action based on facts discovered • Attempt to find out information in a systematically and scientific manner • Human activity based on intellectual investigation and is aimed at discovering, interpreting, and revising human knowledge on different aspects of the world. Research can use the scientific method, but need not do so. • Diligent and thorough inquiry and investigation into a subject. This includes using all appropriate print and electronic sources, asking the reference librarian for help, and making use of bibliographies given by other authors. • The process of discovering new knowledge or of synthesis of existing knowledge into a form useful for a stated purpose
Why do we conduct Research Projects? • To invent new things • To solve a prevailing problem • To support development programmes of a country • To uplift living standards • Because we are inquisitive about things happening around us
What are the Components of a Research Project? • Rationale • Objectives • Project description • Budget
Rationale • Underlying reasons or • Reasoning or principle that underlies or explains something, or • a statement setting out this reasoning or principle
Objectives • A goal or aim or • Expected end result
Project description • Duration (short-term, medium term, Long-term) • Methods • Materials • Activity plan • Analyses of data • How to report the results
Methods • Practical • Laboratory • Field • Theoretical • Using published or written information • Using IT facilities
Materials • Equipment • Major • Minor • Consumables • Glassware • Chemicals • Stationary etc.
Analyses of Data • Using statistical methods • Computer programmes etc.
How to report results? • Tables • Graphs • Flow charts • Photographs • Text • Film etc.
Budget • Equipment • Consumables • Salaries & Personnel allowances • Travelling & subsistence • Stationary • Unforeseen – 5-10% of the total cost for above items