Europe in 1919. Versailles Treaty 1919. Winners: England, France, United States, and Italy. Losers: Germany and Russia excluded. Primary goals: Prevent another world war by creating a liberal League of Nations) to manage national and international rivalries.
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Victors: England, Russia, Prussia and Austria
3. The Versailles Treaty punished Germany by erecting a buffer zone around it but also enforced disarmament and wrecked its economy. The Congress of Vienna created a buffer zone around France but did not punish the country monetarily. Instead, it relied on treaties which created a balance of power in the region.
4. In Germany, the Congress of Vienna created a loose confederation of provinces which could send representatives to a Diet (or Congress), but Austrian allies dominated the Diet and Prince Metternich retained veto power over its decisions. In essence, they created an economic union for Germany but granted it few political powers.
With the knowledge you now have of the contrasts between The Treaty of Versailles and the Congress of Vienna, what advice would you give to the United States as it seeks to maintain order in the Middle East?