jeopardy
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
JEOPARDY

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 102

JEOPARDY - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 157 Views
  • Uploaded on

JEOPARDY. VIROLOGY. WEILL CORNELL MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR. This nucleic acid amplification test for HIV RNA monitors a patient's progress during triple drug therapy and determines the chances of progression to AIDS. What is HIV RT PCR?. WEILL CORNELL MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'JEOPARDY' - mare


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
jeopardy
JEOPARDY

VIROLOGY

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

what is hiv rt pcr
This nucleic acid amplification test for HIV RNA monitors a patient's progress during triple drug therapy and determines the chances of progression to AIDS.

What is HIV RT PCR?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

what is parvovirus or what is parvovirus b19
This virus causes an acute febrile rash and produces disease in immunocompetent children. Additionally, in persons with hereditary hemolytic anemia, this virus has been associated with transient aplastic crisis.

What is Parvovirus? OR What is Parvovirus B19?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

what is herpes simplex virus or what is hsv
The initial infection by this virus is often in apparent and occurs through a break in the skin or mucous membranes. Despite high antibody titers, latent infection often persists at the initial site. Temperature change, emotional distress, and hormonal factors often trigger recurrent disease.

What is Herpes simplex virus? OR What is HSV?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

what are azidothymidine or azt dideoxyinosine or ddi and protease inhibitors
An HIV positive patient has a CD4 lymphocyte count and an HIV RNA viral load test done. The following are the results:CD4: 50 CD4 lymphocytes per ulHIV RNA: 750,000 copies per mlThese three drugs are prescribed for the patient.

What are azidothymidine (OR AZT), dideoxyinosine (OR DDI) and protease inhibitors?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

use of the above three drugs inhibits these two viral processes

Use of the above three drugs inhibits these two viral processes.

What are reverse transcriptase (OR RT) and protease?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

slide7

The low CD4 count indicates an increased risk for this opportunistic infection, which has been linked to Herpes 8 virus.

What is Kaposi's sarcoma?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

slide8

Most common in teenagers, this virus, which has symptoms of fever and pharyngitis, is linked to the Epstein-Barr virus.

What is infectious mononucleosis (OR mononucleosis OR mono)?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

slide9

Rubella infected cells challenged with this family of virus are resistant to subsequent infection and do not exhibit cytopathic effects.

What is a picornavirus?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

what is interferon
This protein is produced by cells in response to a viral infection or certain other agents. Its action relates to the synthesis of a protein that inhibits translation or transcription and consequently produces resistance to viral infection.

What is interferon?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

these viruses are transmitted by arthropod vectors

These viruses are transmitted by arthropod vectors.

What is an arbovirus?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

patients with either acute or chronic hbv are the only ones who can be infected with this virus

Patients with either acute or chronic HBV are the only ones who can be infected with this virus.

What is HDV (OR Hepatitis D Virus OR Delta Hepatitis)?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

what is respiratory syncytial virus or rsv
At the ER, an infant presented with a fever and a persistent cough. Physical examination and a chest X-ray suggested pneumonia. This virus is the most likely cause of this infection.

What is respiratory syncytial virus (OR RSV)?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

a purine nucleoside analog this antiviral agent has shown promise with this infant s disease

A purine nucleoside analog, this antiviral agent has shown promise with this infant's disease.

What is ribavirin (OR What is aerosolized ribavirin)?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

what are echoviruses
Ranging in size from 24 to 30 nm in diameter, this family of RNA viruses infect the human intestinal tract. Additionally, this family can cause aseptic meningitis, febrile illnesses, and the common cold.

What are echoviruses?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

this is the treatment for hsv meningitis or encephalitis

This is the treatment for HSV meningitis or encephalitis.

What is acyclovir?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

what are enterovirus and coxsackievirus a or coxasckie a virus
These two viruses cause a contagious ocular infection characterized by pain, subconjunctival hemorrhages, and swelling of the eyelids, known as acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis.

What are enterovirus and coxsackievirus A (OR coxasckie A virus)?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

what is paramyxovirus
A 3-year-old child presents with symptoms of coryza, conjunctivitis, low-grade fever, and Koplik's spots. The causative agent of this disease belongs to this group of viruses.

What is paramyxovirus?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

what is human papilloma virus or hpv
This virus is the cause of one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases, and some serotypes of the virus are linked to cervical carcinoma.

What is Human papilloma virus (OR HPV)?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

what is parainfluenza
These RNA viruses are important causes of respiratory diseases in infants and young children, and the diseases caused ranges from a mild febrile cold to bronchiolitis and pneumonia. Additionally, it is the leading cause of the croup syndrome in young children.

What is parainfluenza?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

eastern equine encephalitis could be controlled be eradicating this carrier

Eastern equine encephalitis could be controlled be eradicating this carrier.

What are mosquitoes?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

what is herpesvirus
Children who have had varicella occasionally suffer shingles, a recurrent form of the disease, as adults. The agent causing this disease is a member of this viral family.

What is Herpesvirus?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

this is the major cause of the common cold

This is the major cause of the common cold.

What is Rhinovirus?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

this acute febrile illness is characterized by a rash and suboccipital lymphadenopathy

This acute, febrile illness is characterized by a rash and suboccipital lymphadenopathy.

What is German measles? OR What is rubella?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

what is rabies
Finding Negri bodies (cytoplasmic inclusions in the nerve cells of the spinal cord and brain, especially in the hippocampus) in humans is the definitive diagnosis of this disease.

What is rabies?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

these cause creutzfeldt jakob disease

These cause Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease.

What are prions?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

these are unconventional self replicating proteins

These are unconventional, self-replicating proteins.

What are prions?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

this disease caused by variola virus was eradicated by an intensive vaccination program

This disease caused by variola virus was eradicated by an intensive vaccination program.

What is smallpox?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

this is a defective virus with an rna genome and a hepatitis b surface antigen envelope

This is a defective virus with an RNA genome and a Hepatitis B surface antigen envelope.

What is Hepatitis D virus (OR HDV OR Hepatitis Delta Virus)?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

slide30

If an individual with Hepatitis B surface antigen is infective and has active hepatitis, he/she would have this antigen as well.

What is e antigen?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

western equine encephalitis is caused by this virus

Western equine encephalitis is caused by this virus.

What is alphavirus?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

yellow fever and dengue are caused by this virus

Yellow fever and dengue are caused by this virus.

What is flavivirus?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

slide33

This compound, a synthetic nucleoside structure related to guanosine, has been used successfully against Lassa fever.

What is ribavirin?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

what is herpes simplex virus or hsv
An immunocompromised person with a history of seizures had an MRI that revealed a temporal lobe lesion. Multinucleated giant cells with intranuclear inclusions were visible on a brain biopsy. This virus is the most probable cause of the lesion.

What is Herpes simplex virus (OR HSV)?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

slide35

Foreign service employees who are hospitalized for bleeding ulcers in Zaire are at increased risk for this infection.

What is HIV (OR Human Immunodifficiency virus)?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

what is 1 10
After a pregnant woman was exposed to rubella, a rubella antibody titer is performed to determine her immune status. This titer ratio is considered protective.

What is 1:10?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

what is a prion
This entity is protein material without nucleic acid. While related to a virus, it is a proteinaceous infectious particle that replicates within cells.

What is a prion?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

what is hepatitis e or e
Although a patient has all the gastrointestinal symptoms of HAV, all the tests for HAV-IgG and HAV-IgM are nonreactive. This hepatitis virus is the possible cause of the infection.

What is Hepatitis E (OR E)?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

this is the most common cause of postinfluenzal secondary bacterial pneumonia

This is the most common cause of postinfluenzal secondary bacterial pneumonia.

What is staphylococcus aureus?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

these entities spread st louis encephalitis virus and dengue

These entities spread St. Louis encephalitis virus and dengue.

What are mosquitoes?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

what is yellow fever
Fever and jaundice characterize this life-threatening disease. Following fever, headache, myalgias, and photophobia, the symptoms progress to the liver, kidney and heart.

What is yellow fever?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

what is hantavirus
Infection by this emerging pathogen, which is endemic in deer mice, can result in influenza-like symptoms followed rapidly by acute respiratory failure.

What is hantavirus?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

this virus causes erythema infectiosum fifth disease

This virus causes erythema infectiosum (Fifth disease).

What is Parvovirus B19?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

what herpesviruses
This human virus has been implicated in several malignancies including Burkitt's lymphoma, nasopharyngeal carcinoma and some B-cell lymphomas. It is a member of this virus family.

What Herpesviruses?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

slide45

Epidemic acute respiratory disease, gastroenteritis, whooping cough-like disease, and keratoconjunctivitis are caused by these viruses.

What are adenoviruses?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

this is licensed for the treatment of cmv retinitis in aids patients

This is licensed for the treatment of CMV retinitis in AIDS patients.

What is ganciclovir?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

slide47

These non-lipid containing RNA viruses with a double-shelled capsid are the cause of 30 to 40 percent of acute diarrhea in infants.

What are rotaviruses?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

what is measles
Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) is a progressive encephalitis involving both white and gray matter. It is a late and rare manifestation occurring in 1 of 300,000 cases of this other disease.

What is measles?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

mumps measles croup and bronchiolitis are viral infections associated with this family

Mumps, measles, croup, and bronchiolitis are viral infections associated with this family.

What are paramyxoviruses?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

slide50

This virus infects the skin or mucosa, causing benign tumors that may undergo malignant conversion and become squamous cell carcinomas.

What is papillomavirus?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

what is reverse transcriptase or rt
The replication of a retroviral genome depends on this enzyme, which builds a complementary strand of DNA for the viral RNA template, builds a second DNA strand complementary to the previous DNA, degrades the original RNA, and is responsible for integrating the new viral DNA hybrid into the host genome.

What is reverse transcriptase (OR RT)?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

what is st louis encephalitis
This flavivirus is the major arborviral cause of central nervous system infection in the U.S. Patients who have contracted this disease usually present with one of three clinical manifestations: febrile headache, aseptic meningitis, or clinical encephalitis.

What is St. Louis encephalitis?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

this is the most common cause of congenital and perinatal viral infections

This is the most common cause of congenital and perinatal viral infections.

What is CMV (OR Cytomegalovirus)?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

what is d or what is chlamydiae
Interferon is produced by cells in tissue culture when the cells are stimulated with the following EXCEPT for one: (a)endotoxin, (b)synthetic double-stranded polynucleotides, (c)viruses, (d)chlamydiae, or (e)rickettsiae.

What is d? OR What is chlamydiae?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

slide55

These two virus families can both support replication of the satellite virus adenoassociated virus (AAV).

What are herpesviruses and adenoviruses?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

what is adenovirus
In 50-80 percent of surgically removed tonsils or adenoids, this virus can be cultured. It can also be cultured from mesenteric lymph nodes, and, in rare cases, viral DNA has been detected in peripheral lymphocytes.

What is adenovirus?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

slide57

Appropriately administered, this therapy is effective in the treatment of HAV, HBV, rabies, and poliomyelitis.

What is gamma globulin?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

what are lymphocytes or abnormal lymphocytes or atypical lymphocytes
In an atypical state, these are seen in a variety of diseases, including infectious mononucleosis, CMV infection, viral hepatitis, toxoplasmosis, rubella, mumps, and roseola.

What are lymphocytes (OR abnormal lymphocytes OR atypical lymphocytes)?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

what is dengue or breakbone fever
The clinical syndrome consists of a mild systemic disease characterized by severe joint and muscle pain, headache, fever, lymphadenopathy, and a maculopapular rash.

What is dengue (OR breakbone fever)?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

this is usually the first viral marker detected in blood after hbv infection

This is usually the first viral marker detected in blood after HBV infection.

What is HBsAg (OR Hepatitis B surface antigen)?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

what is anti hbc
Present at the beginning of clinical illness, there are high titers as long as there is ongoing HBV replication. This may be the only detectable serologic marker during the early convalescent phase of an HBV infection ("window phase").

What is Anti-HBc?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

what is hbeag or hepatitis b 37 antigen
This antigen is closely associated with higher titers of HBV and consequently HBV infectivity. Additionally, it highly correlates to DNA polymerase activity.

What is HBeAg (OR Hepatitis B 37 antigen)?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

what is cytomegalic inclusion disease or cid
One of the leading causes of mental retardation in the U.S., this disease causes congenital abnormalities in neonates. Seizures, deafness, jaundice, and purpura also occur.

What is cytomegalic inclusion disease (OR CID)?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

this is the leading cause of pneumonia and bronchiolitis in infants

This is the leading cause of pneumonia and bronchiolitis in infants.

What is RSV (OR Respiratory syncytial virus)?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

this complication of mumps in postpubertal males can cause sterility if bilateral

This complication of mumps in postpubertal males can cause sterility if bilateral.

What is orchitis?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

what is hbv or hepatitis b
The first generation vaccine for this disease was prepared by purifying a surface antigen from healthy carriers and treating it with viral inactivating agents. The second generation vaccine was produced by recombinant DNA in yeast cells containing a plasmid into which the gene for the surface antigen had been incorporated.

What is HBV

(OR Hepatitis B)?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

what is antigenic drift
The influenza virus changes in two ways. If only mutational alterations to the hemagglutinin and neuraminidase proteins occurred the virus has undergone this process.

What is antigenic drift?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

what is antigenic shift
A new epidemic influenza virus appears due to the reassortment of genome segments with a second influenza virus. The new virus is the consequence of this process.

What is antigenic shift?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

this herpesvirus causes chickenpox

This herpesvirus causes chickenpox.

What is varicella-zoster virus?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

this virus is the causative agent of human warts that are limited to the skin and mucous membranes

This virus is the causative agent of human warts that are limited to the skin and mucous membranes.

What is papillomarvirus (OR papovaviridae)?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

what is adenovirus1
This virus has been associated with adult respiratory disease among newly enlisted military troops, probably due to crowded conditions and strenuous exercise.

What is adenovirus?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

this sporozoan may cause encephalitis in aids patients

This sporozoan may cause encephalitis in AIDS patients.

What is toxoplasma gondii

(OR T. gondii)?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

what are heterophil antibodies or what is heterophil
These antibodies occur in one species (human) and react with antigens of a different species. They are used in the diagnosis of infectious mononucleosis.

What are heterophil antibodies (OR What is heterophil)?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

these are the prominent cause of aseptic viral meningitis

These are the prominent cause of aseptic viral meningitis.

What are enteroviruses

(OR echoviruses

OR coxsackieviruses)?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

what is hepatitis a virus or hav
Transmitted by the fecal-oral route, this virus often causes acute jaundice, diarrhea, and liver function abnormalities. It can be acquired from shellfish.

What is Hepatitis A virus (OR HAV)?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

slide76

The most common cause of pediatric gastroenteritis, more prominent outside of North America is easily detected in ELISA tests.

What is rotavirus?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

what is norwalk virus
This common cause of epidemic gastroenteritis is often found aboard cruise ships and in summer camps. ELISA methods or electron microscopy are used in its detection.

What is Norwalk virus?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

slide78

This RNA virus, which causes mild gastroenteritis, is transmitted by the fecal-oral route but not by food consumption.

What is astrovirus?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

this can prevent clinical hav even when administered up to 10 days after exposure

This can prevent clinical HAV even when administered up to 10 days after exposure.

What is ISG (OR immune serum globulin)?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

what is jc virus or polyomavirus
This virus was first isolated from the diseased brain of a person with Hodgkin's lymphoma who was dying of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy. This demyelinating disease occurs usually in immunosuppressed patients, resulting from oligodendrocyte infection by the virus.

What is JC virus (OR polyomavirus)?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

what are paramyxoviruses and orthomyxoviruses
These two virus families consist of negative strand RNA viruses which cause respiratory infections and possess an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase that is a structural component of the virion to produce the initial RNA.

What are paramyxoviruses and orthomyxoviruses?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

this viral surface structure is the major antigenic determinant of the influenza virus

This viral surface structure is the major antigenic determinant of the influenza virus.

What is the hemagglutinin

(OR HA)?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

slide83

This virus comes as two "types" and is usually but not exclusively associated with oral and genital lesions.

What is Herpes Simplex virus (OR HSV, OR HSV-1 and HSV-2)?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

slide84

This virus, discovered in 1965, produces about 35% of the common colds especially in, children and young adults.

What is Coronavirus?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

slide85

This antiviral compound is effective against Lassa fever in the first week of the onset of the disease.

What is ribaviron?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

this antiviral compound is a tricyclic amine and is effective only against influenza a virus

This antiviral compound is a tricyclic amine and is effective only against influenza A virus.

What is amantidine (OR rimantidine)?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

what is pcr or the polymerase chain reaction
If diagnosed rapidly, HSV encephalitis or meningitis can be treated with acyclovir but this infection is difficult to diagnose by laboratory tests as there is a low virus titer in the CSF. This test is based upon viral nucleic acid detection must be used.

What is PCR (OR the polymerase chain reaction)?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

what is hemagglutinin or ha
Parainfluenza viruses contain an RNA genome in a nucleocapsid encased in an enveloped derived from the host cell membrane. Infected mammalian cell culture will hemabsorb red blood cells due to this structure on the surface of the cell.

What is hemagglutinin (OR HA)?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

what is latency or latent state or latent
Adults who possess circulating antibody against varicella-zoster virus may suffer recurrent disease caused by inflammatory reaction in the sensory ganglia of spinal or cranial nerves i.e. shingles. This virus existed, prior to its reactivation, in this quiescent state.

What is latency (OR latent state, OR latent)?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

respiratory syncytial virus is a member of this virus family

Respiratory syncytial virus is a member of this virus family.

What is Paramyxoviridae (OR paramyxoviruses)?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

this illness spread by the wood tick causes fever headache retro orbital pain and severe myalgia

This illness spread by the wood tick, causes fever, headache, retro-orbital pain, and severe myalgia.

What is Colorado tick fever?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

what is vca or viral capsid antigen
A 17-year-old girl presents with cervical lymphadenopathy, fever, and pharyngitis. Infectious mononucleosis is suspected. Clinical useful tests in this diagnosis would include detection of IgG and IgM to this virus structure.

What is VCA (OR viral capsid antigen)?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

what are killed virus vaccine and human rabies globulin or hig
The rabies virus is transmitted by the bite of a rabid animal. It almost always causes a fatal encephalitis if left untreated. Post exposure treatment includes these two components.

What are killed virus vaccine and human rabies globulin (OR HIG)?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

what is flaviviridae or flavivirus
HCV is a positive-stranded RNA virus. About half of HCV patients develop chronic hepatitis. The virus currently cannot be propagated in tissue culture hence it is not easily isolated. Molecular analysis techniques have tentatively classified it within this virus family.

What is Flaviviridae (OR flavivirus)?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

slide95

This is one of the five childhood rash diseases along with measles, rubella, roseola, and Fifth disease.

What is scarlet fever?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

what is aerosolized ribavirin
Respiratory syncytial virus can be detected by immunofluoresence on smears of respiratory epithelium. This treatment is recommended for severely ill hospitalized infants.

What is aerosolized ribavirin?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

what is hepatitis e or hev
This virus is a newly recognized hepatitis virus . It contains a single stranded RNA genome and has been classified to the calicivirus family. Like HAV its is enterically transmitted but there is no vaccine available nor routine detection test.

What is Hepatitis E (OR HEV)?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

slide98

In the treatment of HIV infections protease inhibitors prevent this proteolytic step in the viral replication cycle.

What is maturation (OR GAG processing)?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

in the united states infection with the mumps virus accounts for 10 15 of this complication

In the United States infection with the mumps virus accounts for 10-15% of this complication.

What is aseptic meningitis?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

slide100

These viruses are recognized by club shaped projections that are 20nm long and resemble solar coronas.

What are coronaviruses?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

what is kuru
This fatal disease of certain New Guinea natives is characterized by tremors and ataxia. It is thought that it was transmitted by ritualistic brain cannibalism.

What is Kuru?

WEILL CORNELL

MEDICAL COLLEGE - QATAR

ad