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Daniel. Susa Iran. Daniel’s Tomb. Map of Mesopotamia. Daniel. Map of Mesopotamia. Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego. The Central Message of Daniel. God rewards uncompromising faith God rules in the kingdoms and affairs of ALL nations. Who was Daniel. At least three in Scripture

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the central message of daniel
The Central Message of Daniel

God rewards uncompromising faith

God rules in the kingdoms and affairs of ALL nations

who was daniel
Who was Daniel

At least three in Scripture

He was of the tribe of Judah

He was either of the royal family or a noble

He had a determined faith

adjusting to babylon
Adjusting to Babylon

Taken to Babylon in 606 BC

Begins training in language and culture of the Chaldeans (Babylonians)

how long did daniel serve
How Long Did Daniel Serve?

Taken to Babylon in 606 BC

“Remained” in some capacity until the first year of Cyrus – 536 BC

Last prophecy in third year of Cyrus – 533 BC

At least 73 years

chronological sequence of daniel
Chronological Sequence of Daniel

Chapters 1-4

Chapters 7-8

Chapters 5

Chapter 6

Chapter 9

Chapters 10-12

Nebuchadnezzar

Belshazzar

Darius

Cyrus

the languages of daniel
The Languages of Daniel

Daniel 1.1-2.3 Hebrew

Daniel 2.4-7.28 Aramaic

Daniel 8.1-12.13 Hebrew

structure of daniel
Structure of Daniel

Chapter 1

Chapters 2-7

Chapters 8-12

Introduction

Destiny of Nations

Destiny of Israel

Aramaic

Hebrew

slide16

Daniel Chapter 2

The Prophetic Image

slide17

Babylon

Medo-Persia

Greece

Kingdom of God

Rome

slide18

Babylon

First Beast of Daniel 7.4

(Winged Lion)

slide20

Medo-Persia

Second Beast of Daniel 7.5

Bear raised up on

one side

slide21

Medo-Persia

Ram of Daniel 8

Two horns, but one

longer

Daniel 8.3, 20

slide22

Greece

Third Beast of Daniel 7.6

Like a 4-winged

Leopard

slide23

Greece

Male Goat of Daniel 8.5

Daniel 8.21

slide24

Greece

Kingdom of Daniel 11.3-4

slide25

Fourth Beast of Daniel 7.7

Daniel 7.19-28

Daniel 8.23ff

Daniel 9.26-27

Rome

slide26

Babylon

Medo-Persia

Greece

Kingdom of God

Rome

slide27

Kingdom of God

Mark 1.14-15

Mark 9.1

Colossians 1.13-14

Hebrews 12.28

slide29

Daniel Chapter 3

The Pathetic Image

slide30

Herodotus

(c. 484-c. 425 BC)

“Father”

of

“History”

slide31

Herodotus

Book 1, 178-186

Concerning Babylon

The city was in the form of a square, 14 miles on each side, and of enormous magnitude

slide32

Herodotus

Book 1, 178-186

Concerning Babylon

The brick wall was 56 miles long, 300 feet high, 25 feet thick with another wall 75 feet behind the first wall, and the wall extended 35 feet below the ground

slide33

Herodotus

Book 1, 178-186

Concerning Babylon

There were 250 towers that were 450 feet high.

A wide and deep moat encircled the city.

slide34

Herodotus

Book 1, 178-186

Concerning Babylon

The Euphrates River also flowed through the middle of the city. Ferry boats and a 1/2 mi. long bridge with drawbridges closed at night.

slide35

Herodotus

Book 1, 178-186

Concerning Babylon

The "Hanging Gardens" built by Nebuchadnezzar for his Median queen were considered one of the 7 wonders of the ancient world. Water was raised from the river by hydraulic pumps.

slide36

Herodotus

Book 1, 178-186

Concerning Babylon

There were 8 massive gates that led to the inner city and 100 brass gates.

The streets were paved with stone slabs 3 feet square.

slide37

Herodotus

Book 1, 178-186

Concerning Babylon

There was "the great Tower" (Ziggurat) and 53 temples including the "GreatTemple of Marduk," and 180 altars to Ishtar.

slide38

Herodotus

Book 1, 178-186

Concerning Babylon

In Nebuchadnezzar's palace were the Golden image of Baal together with the Golden Table (both weighing over 50,000 lbs of solid gold), also 2 golden lions and a solid gold human figure (18 feet high).

slide39

Herodotus

Book 1, 178-186

Concerning Babylon

Nebuchadnezzar’s palace was considered to be the most magnificent building ever erected on earth.

slide40

Daniel Chapter 3

The Pathetic Image

slide42

Daniel Chapter 4

Nebuchadnezzar is brought to his senses

slide43

Daniel

Chapter 5

End of the Babylonian Empire

slide44

Relief of

Nabonidus

Praying to the sun, moon and Venus

slide45

Cylinder of

Nabonidus

slide47

Mene = 50 Shekels

Mene = 50 Shekels

Tekel = Shekel

Upharsin = Half Shekels

(singular = Peres (divided))

slide48

Daniel

Chapter 5

End of the Babylonian Empire

Isaiah 44.27-28; 45.1

Jeremiah 50.38; 51.36

Isaiah 47.1

slide51

Daniel

Chapter 5

(Isa 55:11 NKJV) So shall My word be that goes forth from My mouth; It shall not return to Me void, But it shall accomplish what I please, And it shall prosper in the thing for which I sent it.

slide53

Daniel Chapter 6

The Lion’s Den

slide54

Daniel 7

The Four Beasts

slide60

Daniel

2 & 7

slide61

Roman Rulers

Pompey 63BC

Julius 47-44BC

Augustus 27BC-AD14

Tiberius AD14-37

Caligula 37-41

Claudius 41-54

Nero 54-68

Galba 68-69

Otho 69

Vitellius 69

Vespasian 69-79

Titus 79-81

Domitian 81-96 *

Nerva 96-98

Trajan

*By the end of 1st century it was illegal to profess Christ.

slide62

Daniel

8

The Ram

The He-goat

Second “little horn”

slide63

The Third Kingdom – Greece

Alexander

the Great

(356-323 BC)

Conquered the

“known world”

in less than

10 yrs

slide64

The Third Kingdom – Greece

The “belly &

thighs of brass”

Daniel 2.32

slide65

The Third Kingdom – Greece

The beast “like

a leopard which…

had four wings”

Daniel 7.6

slide66

The Third Kingdom – Greece

The goat with the

large horn that

was broken and

replaced by four

Daniel 8.5,8

See especially 8.20-21

slide67

The Third Kingdom – Greece

The “mighty king”

of Greece

Daniel 11.2-3

slide69

Daniel

8

The Ram

and Goat

slide71

The Divisions of

Alexander’s Empire

slide72

“of Antiochus, God Manifest, Bearer of Victory”

Coin showing head of Antiochus Epiphanes

slide76

Daniel

9

The 70

Weeks

slide77

Daniel

9

70 Sevens for “your people and the holy city”

slide78

70 Sevens

Start :

Going forth of command to rebuild Jerusalem

slide79

70 Sevens

After 69 Sevens:

Messiah will be cut off

slide80

70 Sevens

Middle of 70th Seven:

An end to sacrifice and drink offering

slide81

70 Sevens

End :

Abomination of Desolation

Matthew 24.15

slide85

Make reconciliation for iniquity

Rom 5.18ff

2 Cor 5.1ff

Col 1.20; Heb 2.17

slide86

Anoint the Most Holy

Acts 4.26-27; Heb 1.8-9

slide87

Messiah cut off

Isaiah 53.8; Acts 8.32-33

slide89

Make firm covenant with many

Acts 10.34; Rom 9.30

slide92

Daniel

10-12

Conflicts to Come

slide93

Cyrus the Great

559-530 BC

slide94

Cyrus

Cambyses II

Darius I

Xerxes I (Ahasuerus)

Artaxerxes I

slide95

Xerxes I –Ahasuerus

486-464 BC

See the book of Esther

slide98

The Third Kingdom – Greece

Alexander

the Great

(356-323 BC)

Conquered the

“known world”

in less than

10 yrs

slide99

The Divisions of

Alexander’s Empire

slide100

The Ptolemy’s

“King of the South”

323-30 BC

slide101

The Seleucids

“King of the North”

312-63 BC

slide102

The Seleucids

“King of North”

Prince = Seleucus I

The Ptolemy’s

“King of South”

Ptolemy I Soter

slide103

Verse 6

The Seleucids

“King of North”

Antiochus II Theos

(Laodice)

The Ptolemy’s

“King of South”

Daughter - Berenice

slide104

Verses 7-8

The Seleucids

“King of North”

Seleucus II Callinucus

The Ptolemy’s

“King of South”

Ptolemy III, brother of Berenice

slide105

Verses 9-10

The Seleucids

“King of North”

Seleucus II Callinucus ?

The Ptolemy’s

“King of South”

Ptolemy III, brother of Berenice

slide106

Verses 11-20

The Seleucids

“King of North”

Antiochus III

Seleucus IV Philopater

The Ptolemy’s

“King of South”

Ptolemy IV

Ptolemy V (boy)

Ptolemy Philopater

slide107

The Seleucids

“King of North”

Antiochus III

222-187 BC

slide109

Verses 21-26

The Seleucids

“King of North”

Antiochus IV Epiphanes

The Ptolemy’s

“King of South”

Ptolemy VI

slide110

The Seleucids

“King of North”

Antiochus IV

Epiphanes

222-187 BC

slide111

“of Antiochus, God Manifest, Bearer of Victory”

Coin showing head of Antiochus Epiphanes

slide115

The Romans

“King of North”

Pompey the Great

106-48 BC

Daniel 11.36?

slide116

“King of North”

Pompey the Great

Enters the Temple 63 BC

Daniel 11.41

slide117

The Romans

“King of North”

Julius Caesar

100-44 BC

Daniel 11.36ff?

slide118

The Romans

“King of North”

Vespasian

r. 69-79 AD

daniel10
Daniel

Daniel 12.7

…and when the power of the holy people has been completely shattered, all these things shall be finished.

important historical dates of daniel
Important Historical Dates of Daniel
  • 606 BC - First deportation
  • 539 BC – Babylon captured by Medes and Persians
  • 536 BC – Decree of Cyrus
  • 533 BC – Final prophecy of Daniel
important prophetic events of daniel
Important Prophetic Events of Daniel
  • Four kingdoms (2, 7, 8, 9, 11)
  • End of Babylonian Empire (5)
  • Dominance of Persia over Media
  • Division of Greek Empire
  • Antiochus IV Epiphanies and disruption of sacrifices
important prophetic events of daniel1
Important Prophetic Events of Daniel
  • Hanukah
  • Kingdom of Heaven
  • Destruction of Jerusalem
  • Tribulation of Saints under Rome
  • Destruction of Roman Empire
important prophetic dates of daniel
Important Prophetic Dates of Daniel
  • 168 BC – Desecration of Temple – Sacrifice taken away
  • 165 BC – Temple cleansed
  • 63 BC – Romans take over
  • 33 AD – Kingdom of Heaven established
  • 70 AD – Jerusalem destroyed