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Triphenylphosphine-promoted C -Vinylation of 4-Hydroxyquinolines PowerPoint Presentation
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Triphenylphosphine-promoted C -Vinylation of 4-Hydroxyquinolines

Triphenylphosphine-promoted C -Vinylation of 4-Hydroxyquinolines

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Triphenylphosphine-promoted C -Vinylation of 4-Hydroxyquinolines

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  1. Triphenylphosphine-promoted C-Vinylation of 4-Hydroxyquinolines Bita Mohtata, Semiramis Nahavandiana, Zohre Najafi Azara , Hoorieh Djahanianib, and Zinatossadat Hossainic a Department of Chemistry, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, I. R. Iran b Department of Chemistry, East Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qiamdasht, Tehran, I. R. Iran c Department of Chemistry, Qaemshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mazandaran, I. R. Iran Reprint requests to Dr. Bita Mohtat. Fax: +98 21 22 92 16 10. E-mail: b.mohtat@jooyan.org Z. Naturforsch. 2011, 66b, 700 – 704; received April 18, 2011 The reaction of dialkyl acetylenedicarboxylates with 4-hydroxyquinoline in the presence of tri- phenylphosphine (20 mol-%) produces dialkyl (Z)- and (E )-2-(4-hydroxyquinolin-3-yl)-2-butenedi- oates in good yields. When the reaction was performed with 2-methyl-4-hydroxyquinoline, similar (E )- and (Z)-isomers were obtained. Key words: Acetylenic Ester, C-Vinylation, 4-Hydroxyquinoline, 2-Methyl-4-hydroxyquinoline, Triphenylphosphine Introduction Due to environmental demands, there has been con- siderable interest in developing a new catalyst for or- ganic reactions that would be mild, easily available at low-cost, of high performance in transformation and wide applicability. Organophosphorus compounds are widely used in organic synthesis [1, 2]. When they act as a catalyst, ‘soft’ nucleophilicity is one of their most characteristic features, as shown in the Michael addi- tion, aldol condensation, isomerization of C–C muti- ple bonds [3, 4], silylcyanation of aldehydes [5], alco- hol addition to methyl propiolate [6], carbonate forma- tion from propargyl alcohol and carbon dioxide [7, 8], and cycloaddition of buta-2,3-dienoates or but-2-yno- ates with electron-deficient olefins [9]. In this regard, triphenylphosphine has received increasing attention as a versatile and mild reagent in many occasions for various organic transformations under neutral condi- tions in recent years [10 – 15]. The addition reaction between electron-deficient acetylenic compounds and nitrogen-containing hetrocycles has been extensively investigated [16]. In continuation of our current inter- est in the application of triphenylphosphine and acti- vated acetylenes in organic synthesis [17 – 20], we re- port here a simple one-pot synthesis of functionalized 4-hydroxyquinoline derivatives 3. Results and Discussion The reaction of 4-hydroxyquinoline or 2-methyl-4- hydroxyquinoline and dialkyl acetylenedicarboxylates (2) in the presence of Ph3 P (20 mol-%) leads to dialkyl (Z)- and (E )-2-(4-hydroxyquinolin-3-yl)-2-butenedi- oates 3a – c and dialkyl (Z)- and (E )-2-(4-hydroxy- 2-methylquinolin-3-yl)-2-butenedioates 3d – f in good yields (Scheme 1). The reaction of 1 with dialkyl acetylenedicarboxy- late 2 in the presence of Ph3 P in boiling toluene was completed within 24 h. The 1 H and 13 C NMR spectra of the crude products clearly indicated the formation of 3. The 1 H NMR spectra of 3a exhibited signals for methoxy and methine protons, together with character- istic multiplets for the aromatic protons. The 13C NMR spectrum of (Z)-3a or (E )-3a showed 15 distinct reso- nances in agreement with the proposed structure. Par- tial assignments of these resonances are given in the Experimental Section. The structural assignments of compounds (Z)-3 and (E )-3 made on the basis of their 1 H and 13C NMR spectra were supported by the IR spectra. The carbonyl region of these compounds displayed characteristic absorption bands. NMR spectroscopy was employed to distinguish be- tween (Z)-3 and (E )-3. The Z and E configuration of the olefinic double bond in 3a – f is based on the chemi- cal shift of the olefinic proton [21]. The 1 H NMR spec- tra of (Z)-3 showed the olefinic proton signal at 6.11 – 6.75 ppm, while the (E )-3 isomer exhibited the olefinic proton at 6.83 – 8.03 ppm. Although the mechanistic details of the reaction are not clearly known, a plausible rationalization may be advanced to explain the product formation. Pre- 0932–0776 / 11 / 0700–0700 $ 06.00 c 2011 Verlag der Zeitschrift fu¨ r Naturforschung, Tu¨ bingen · http://znaturforsch.com