Writing a Research Paper in AMA Style. These are the basics of using AMA documentation. Suggestion: Follow the PowerPoint to form a general idea about how to use AMA. Take notes sparingly .
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Primary sources: Research that you conducted yourself, such as patient interviews or case studies.
Secondary sources: Professional books or journals on health care topics, studies others have conducted that focus on health care topics, notes or handouts from classes or conferences you attended, Web publications, etc.
Writers frequently use all three of these strategies in the same paper.
If you MUST make a change in the quote, use brackets [ ] around the item you changed. If you leave something out of a quote, indicate this with ellipses: …
All need to be documented.
Each documentation system—AMA, APA, MLA, CMS, and CSE—has its own very specific rules. You don’t have to memorize them—you can use a style book or a handout—but make sure you follow them carefully.
In the following examples of AMA in-text citations, the actual source information is in yellow. Notice that where you insert this information can signal the beginning and end of the material you borrowed.
In most cases, AMA uses superscript numbers for in-text citations, starting with 1. Example: The estimation is based on the assumption that 55 and 107 g water is produced for every 100 g carbohydrate and fat oxidized, respectively17.
Altman3 reported that the aversion to organ donation decreased in pietistic denominations, which supported Gilman1(p33) and LaFollette’s4 earlier findings.
Do I need to keep inserting a superscript number for my source over and over again?
Your in-text citations tell the reader to look at your references under the name of your source in order to find publishing information.
In fact, savvy readers who are researching a topic always check the References pages of their sources to find additional sources that will help them with their own writing and research projects.
You might want to try this yourself!
You will write a full citation for each source (book, journal, website, etc.), giving as much information to your reader as possible about the source.AMA has a specific order for the pieces of information in each citation. We will look at this order later.
Tip: Be sure to copy your source information right away—when you are actually using the source—so you’ll have it when you develop the References page.
Last name, first initials: Title of Work. Edition. Place of publication: Publisher; year: page number.Here is the basic format for a book with one author:
United States Pharmacopeia Drug Information: Drug Information for the Health Care Professional . Vol 1, 23rd ed. Greenwood Village, CO: Thomson Micromedex; 2003:2514-2517.
Tatro DS, ed. Drug Interaction Facts. St. Louis, MO: Facts and Comparisons:1104.
Even your instructors probably have to look up AMA format for some of these online sources. Your best bet is to look them up in the AMA Manual of Style, 10th ed.or http://healthlinks.washington.edu/hsl/styleguides/ama.html.
1. Using the best sources/using sources correctly: Take the Information Literacy pre-test on MU’s website.
2. American Medical Association. (2007). AMA Style Guide. http://healthlinks.washington.edu/hsl/styleguides/ama.html. Accessed September 8, 2009.
3. Help with any part of the writing process: Visit the Writing Center (room 2410).