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CPP Exam Preparation Emergency Management

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  1. CPP Exam Preparation Emergency Management

  2. Exam Overview: • 6% of exam is based on the “emergency management” subject area. • Tests knowledge of implementation, plan development, and types of emergencies. • Exam reference publications: • Emergency Planning Handbook • Handbook of Loss Prevention & Crime Prevention • Protection of Assets Manual ( Chap. 10, 13, 18, 22, 26) • Introduction to Security

  3. Plan Development Primary Considerations

  4. Why Emergency Planning ? • 3 Primary Goals : • Protection Of Lives • Protection Of Property • Restoration Of Operations • “Be Prepared” -- Consider probabilities of each type of disaster occurring. • Government & industry must share burden of protecting public.

  5. Threat Scenarios • Most serious industrial hazards : • Fire • Explosion • Most common emergencies : • Fire • Bomb threat • Labor dispute

  6. Stages of Emergency Planning • Anticipate Emergency • Provide for Responsive Action • Return to Normal Operations

  7. Planning Basics • Emergency plans should be in writing • Follow KISS principle -- provide specific & precise actions • No new organizations created! • Identify who can declare emergency • Identify the Emergency Coordinator • Ensure continuity of leadership

  8. Planning Basics • Basic plan has 3 essential elements: • Authority • Types of emergencies • Execution • Outline plant shutdown procedures • Evacuation routes must remain consistent for all threats • Test plan annually -- brief every employee!

  9. Advanced Planning • Mutual Aid Association • Cooperative organization of industrial, business and local government emergency services, united by a voluntary agreement to assist each other during an emergency. • Identifies pooled community resources • Provides for standardized equipment & training • Requires substantial funding

  10. Advanced Planning • Create an Emergency Command Center : • Maps/Procedure charts/Call-up lists/MAA’s • Back-up power and communications gear • Disaster response and medical gear • Identify PR person to coordinate media • EDP backup sites-- hot, warm, cold • Preserve vital records (2%) -- bylaws, board minutes, stock transactions, financial data

  11. Types of Emergencies Natural and Man-Made

  12. Natural Disasters • Tornadoes • 5 classifications based on wind speeds (F1-F5) of 200-400 mph. Ground speeds of 30-70 mph. • Width up to a mile. Travel up to 30 miles. • “ Tornado Watch” : tornado expected • “ Tornado Warning” : tornado sighted in area • Thunderstorms • “Severe” : heavy rain, hail, & winds > 50 mph • “Severe watch” : projected winds > 75 mph

  13. Natural Disasters • Floods • “Flash flood watch” : flooding is possible • “Flash flood warning” : flooding is about to occur • Hurricanes (heavy rains w/ winds >74 mph) • 5 categories based on wind speeds • “Watch” : expected within 36 hours • “Warning” expected within 24 hours

  14. Natural Disasters • Snow storm • “Heavy snow warning” : 4”/12 hrs or 6”/24 hrs • “Severe blizzard warning” : >45mph winds & <10 F temperature (blizzard is >35 mph winds) • Earthquakes • Unpredictable. Can last as long as 5 minutes. • If inside -- stay there. Seek cover under heavy furniture in the center of the building . • “TSUNAMI” are tidal waves caused by underwater earthquakes.

  15. Man-Made Disasters • Plant fires • Bomb threats • Labor unrest • Terrorism • Sabotage • Chemical/radiological accidents • Transportation accidents • Public demonstrations & civil disturbances

  16. Man-Made Disasters : Plant Fire • Causes are preventable: • Carelessness • Ignorance • Most are electrical in origin • Most fatalities are a result of toxic gas inhalation, followed by death from smoke inhalation and high temperatures.

  17. Man-Made Disasters : Plant Fire • The Fire Triangle : • heat, fuel, oxygen, & a chemical reaction • Fire Classifications: • Class A: ash-producing fire (paper, rags, wood) • Class B : volatile fluid fire (gas, oil, grease) • Class C : electrical fire • Class D :combustible metals (magnesium)

  18. Man-Made Disasters : Plant Fire • Extinguishing agents : • Class A : Water or water fog • Class B : Foam agents in water or “range guard” • Class C : CO2 extinguisher • Class D : Sand or PKP • Sprinkler systems • Type : Wet pipe & Dry pipe • Operate at temperatures between 130-160 F

  19. Man-Made Disasters : Plant Fire • Fire sensor systems : 4 basic fire stages • Ionization detector : no-smoke incipient stage • Photoelectric smoke detector : smoldering stage • Infrared flame detector : visible flame stage • Thermal detector : significant heat stage • Develop MAA’s to cope with major fires • Key to effective fire fighting is quick response and rapid containment

  20. Man-Made Disasters : Bomb Threats • Security nightmare vs. a 98% hoax • Create a “Bomb Threat Checklist” (ATF) • Who? What? Where? When ? Why? • Get description of voice & background noises • Security options (Who decides ?): • Ignore • Search, then decide on evacuation • Partial search and evacuation • Complete evacuation and then search

  21. Man-Made Disasters : Bomb Threats • A search must be made after every call ! • Evacuation decision based on : • Whether bomb actually found. • Other compelling evidence bomb threat is real. • Bomb threat notification : • Search and evacuation parties • Local authorities • FBI and other federal agencies • Medical facilities, neighbors, utilities

  22. Man-Made Disasters : Bomb Threats • Access control over the entry of personnel and material is the key countermeasure • C3 very important during a search • If suspicious object found : • Only EOD personnel touch or use bomb blanket to isolate IED. • Establish 300’ clear zone including the floors above and below. • Leave doors and windows open to vent blast

  23. Man-Made Disasters :Strike • NLRA/Wagner Act governs strikes : • Strike: concerted refusal by employees to work in an attempt to force an employer to meet certain demands. • “Economic strike” requires 60 day notice. • “Unfair labor practice” : Allegations employer violated fair labor practices. Striking employees must be allowed to return to work (often occurs suddenly).

  24. Man-Made Disasters : Strike • Key management decision : Shut down or continue business operations ? • Strike preparation (TIPS approach) • Know direct/indirect costs • Know NRLB rulings requirements • Early preparation/intervention is best • Security’s role must be carefully defined. • Work with local police to avoid violence.

  25. Man-Made Disasters : Terrorism • Letter bombing & kidnapping are common forms. • Create mail room procedure for handling suspicious objects. • If kidnapping occurs : • Use pre-established duress code to signal. • Victims should cooperate & remember all. • Contact local law enforcement agency. • Ransom payment needs corporate approval.

  26. FEMA: Federal Planners • Federal Emergency Management Agency • Ensures continuity of government actions and directs the mobilizing of resources in response to national emergencies • National Warning System (NAWAS) • 3 Command Centers (24X7) in located Colorado Springs; Denton, TX; Olney, MD. • Loudspeaker/radio signals : • Alert/Attention signal--steady sound • Attack warning--short wavering blasts.

  27. Why We Prepare for Disaster “… a day that will live infamy.”

  28. Terrorism in the 21st Century September 11, 2001 -- 8:45 a.m. EDTAmerican Airlines Flight 11, hijacked from Boston, slams into the World Trade Center's north tower in Manhattan.

  29. Terrorism in the 21st Century September 11, 2001 -- 9:03 a.m. EDTA second plane, United Airlines Flight 175, crashes into the World Trade Center's south tower, causing another massive explosion.

  30. Terrorism in the 21st Century • . September 11, 2001 -- 9:40 a.m. EDTA third plane, American Airlines Flight 77, crashes into the “E” Ring of the Pentagon, destroying the new Naval Operations Center.

  31. Terrorism in the 21st Century President Bush : "We will do whatever necessary to protect America and Americans ... The United States will hunt down and punish those responsible for these cowardly acts."

  32. Any Questions ? Turn over notes for closed book exam