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National and International Regulatory Forces

National and International Regulatory Forces

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National and International Regulatory Forces

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  1. National and International Regulatory Forces

  2. ITU Structure

  3. International Telecommunication Union • United Nations specialized agency • Based in Geneva, Switzerland • 189 Member nations • Over 650 sector members • History…goes back to the beginning of interconnecting telegraph across international borders; then sinking of the Titanic in the North Atlantic •

  4. ITU • International telecom agreements • Technical standards for telecom network • Telecom development • Radio Regulations – treaty status document international Table of Frequency Allocations • International frequency and satellite position registration • Coordinate efforts to eliminate harmful interference between different countries • Develop technical standards & operational procedures for radio

  5. ITUOrganization

  6. ITU PLENIPOTENTIARY CONFERENCE • Oversees the activities of the ITU • Meets every four years • Amends the Constitution and Convention of the ITU • Elects ITU officers, establishes organization structure, operating rules/policies and financial budgets • All ITU Members participate and must ratify the results of the Conference to remain a Member

  7. ITU TELECOMMUNICATION SECTOR (ITU-T) • Studies technical, operational and tariff issues – mostly wireline related • Adopts recommendations standardizing telecommunications on a worldwide basis such as modems and interconnection arrangements

  8. ITU DEVELOPMENT SECTOR (ITU-D) • Fosters telecommunications development, broadly • Can also study spectrum management and radio issues as they affect developing countries • The WTDC is meeting in Istanbul, Turkey this month, March 2002

  9. ITU RADIOCOMMUNICATION SECTOR (ITU-R) • International Radio Regulations • International Table of Frequency Allocations • International frequency Registration • Recommendations on spectrum use and management • Technical standards

  10. U.S. Delegation

  11. U.S. DELEGATION • There are three types of U.S. delegations: • Non-Certified • Certified • Formal

  12. U.S. Non-Certified Delegation U.S. Head of Delegation U.S. Issue Spokesman Industry Participants FCC Participant(s) NTIA Participant(s) Government Participants

  13. U.S. Certified Delegation U.S. State Department / Government Head of Delegation U.S. Issue Spokesman (Government Only) Industry Participants FCC Participant(s) NTIA Participant(s) Government Participants

  14. Ambassador Outreach Coordinator Executive Director State Vice Chair NTIA Vice Chair FCC Vice Chair Spokesperson GT Plenary Spokesperson Committee 1 Steering Spokesperson Committee 2 Credentials Spokesperson Committee 3 Budget Spokesperson Committee 4 Regulatory Spokesperson Committee 5 Allocations Spokesperson Committee 6 Editorial U.S. Formal Delegation(WRC)

  15. U.S. Preparatory Structure & Process

  16. U.S. WRC PREPARATION & COORDINATION U.S. International Radiocommunications Objectives State Department Non-Government Objectives (FCC) Government Domestic Objectives (NTIA) Industry Other Gov Agency Objectives DoD Objectives

  17. U.S. National Committee STATE NTIA FCC

  18. U.S. ITU Meeting Preparations National Committee ITAC-R Chairman U.S. Preparatory Group e.g. USWP 8B Industry Representative Government Representative

  19. U.S. Proposal & Position Preparations STATE DEPARTMENT FCC NTIA Reconciliation IRAC WAC RCS IWG RCS WG Industry Representatives Government Agency Representatives

  20. Interdepartment Radio Advisory Committee (IRAC)Radio Conference Subcommittee (RCS) Working Groups WG1 - Radionavigation, Radiolocation & Mobile WG2 - Mobile Satellite & Radionavigation Satellite WG3 - Fixed Satellite WG4 - Space Science WG5 - Broadcasting & Broadcasting Satellite WG6 - Maritime Mobile WG7 - Other Matters WG8 - Strategy

  21. Federal Communications Commission WRC Advisory Committee (WAC) Informal Working Groups IWG-1 - IMT-2000 & Multimedia IWG-2 - Mobile Satellite IWG-3 - Fixed Satellite and Broadcasting Satellite IWG-4 - Fixed & Fixed Satellite Sharing IWG-5 - Radiolocation & Maritime IWG-6 - Other Issues IWG-7 - Regulatory

  22. U.S. Inputs to International Fora

  23. Document Preparation • Fact Sheet Preparation • Technical Submission Preparation • CPM Text Submission Preparation • Preliminary View Preparation • Proposal Preparation • Position Paper Preparation • Document Progression

  24. Fact Sheet Preparation • Identification • Title • Author Information • Purpose/Objective • Abstract • Preparer Information

  25. Technical Submission Preparation • Study used to support CPM text, or development of a Report, Question or Recommendation with the following possible sections: • Recommendation • Introduction • Background • Technical Characteristics • Analysis • Conclusions • Recommendations

  26. Preliminary View Preparation • Title • Agenda Item • Issue Summary • Background • U.S. View

  27. Proposal Preparation • Title • Agenda Item • Background • Proposal

  28. Position Paper Preparation • Classification • Title • Background • Position

  29. Document Progression • Working Document Towards • Not all elements required. • Studies need not be complete. • Preliminary Draft • Minimum of outline on all elements required • Minimum of Some studies completed • Draft • All elements required • All studies should be complete • Final

  30. ITU-R Meeting Document Approval Process ITU-R SG & WP ITU-R Meeting Input documents U.S. ITU-R Meeting Document Preparation

  31. Proposal & Positions Approval Process Regional Body (CITEL) Reconciled Proposal & Positions U.S. Government Regulatory Process U.S. Industry Regulatory Process

  32. CITEL Document Approval Process WRC CITEL U.S. Document Preparation

  33. WRC Proposal Approval Process WRC Proposals U.S. Document Preparation

  34. ITU-R Structure


  36. World Radiocommunication Conference • Revise the Radio Regulations and any associated Frequency Assignment and Allotment Plans; • Address any radiocommunication matter of worldwide character • Instruct the Radio Regulations Board and the Radiocommunication Bureau, and review their activities • Determine questions for study by the Radiocommunication Assembly and its Study Groups in preparation for future Radiocommunication Conferences.


  38. RADIO REGULATIONS BOARD • 12 MEMBERS • PART-TIME (4 meetings per year) • Approve Rules of Procedure, used by the Radiocommunication Bureau in applying the provisions of the Radio Regulations and registering frequency assignments made by Member States; • Addresses matters referred by the Bureau which cannot be resolved through application of the Radio Regulations and Rules of Procedure; • Considers reports of unresolved interference investigations carried out by the Bureau at the request of one or more administrations and formulates Recommendations; • Provides advice to Radiocommunication Conferences and the Radiocommunication Assemblies. • The Director of the Bureau is the Executive Secretary of the RRB.

  39. RADIO ADVISORY GROUP • Review the priorities and strategies adopted in the Sector; • Monitor progress of the work of the Study Groups; • Recommend measures for fostering cooperation and coordination with other organizations and with the Other ITU Sectors. The RAG provides advice on these matters to the Director of the Radiocommunication Bureau.

  40. RADIOCOMMUNICATION BUREAU DIRECTOR • Organizes and coordinates the work of the Radiocommunication study groups. • Acts as the executive secretary of the Radio Regulations Board. • Directs the work of the Radiocommunication Bureau.

  41. RADIOCOMMUNICATION BUREAU (BR) • Provides administrative and technical suport to Radiocommunication Conferences, Radiocommunication Assemblies and Study Groups, including Working Parties and Task Groups; • Applies the provisions of the Radio Regulations and various Regional Agreements; • Records and registers frequency assignments and also orbital characteristics of space services, and maintains the Master International Frequency Register; • Provides advice to Member States on the equitable, effective and economical use of the radio-frequency spectrum and satellite orbits, and investigates and assists in resolving cases of harmful interference; • Coordinates the preparation, editing and dispatch of circulars, documents and publications developed within the Sector; • Provides technical information and seminars on national frequency management and radiocommunications, and works closely with the Telecommunication Development Bureau in assisting developing countries.

  42. Regional WRC Preparation Structure and Process

  43. REGIONAL SPECTRUM MANAGEMENT FORA North Atlantic Treaty Organization (46) European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations (CEPT) (43) Caribbean Telecommunications Union (15) League of Arab States (LAS) (22) Inter-American Telecommunication Commission (CITEL) (35) African Telecommunications Union (ATU) (46) Asia-Pacific Telecommunity (APT) (35) Each Nation has Sovereignty Over the Use of its Spectrum

  44. Region 2 Region 1 Region 2 Region 3 Region 3

  45. OAS 35 Countries CITEL COM/CITEL PCC I PCC II PCC III Permanent Executive Committee Telecommunications Broadcasting Radiocommunications Working Group Working Group Working Group Working Group Wireless Regional & Fixed B/B Wireless FSS/MSS Access WRC above 20 GHz INTER-AMERICAN TELECOMMUNICATION COMMISSION (CITEL)

  46. CEPT 43 Countries ECTRA ERC CERP Telecommunications Radiocommunications Postal Matters CPG WG FM WG SE WG RR TG 1 Joint ERC/ECTRA WRC/RA Preparation Frequency Management Spectrum Engineering Radio Regulations UMTS ITU Council and Plenitpot Numerous Project Teams for Specific Studies EUROPEAN CONFERENCE OF POSTAL AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS ADMINISTRATIONS (CEPT)

  47. ASIA-PACIFIC TELECOMMUNITY (APT) APT 31 Countries + 4 Associate & 40 Affiliate Members AGTE Working Party 1 Working Party 2 Working Party 3 Working Party 4 Working Party 5 Working Party 6 BSS Replanning Regulatory & MS, MSS & Space RN, RNSS & Maritime, Amateur & (FSS & BSS) (FS, FSS, & HAPS) Procedural Matters Sciences RL Broadcast (MF& HF)

  48. ITU-R Study Group Structure