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Training Session N&D 2008. Agenda. I. Welcome and introductions Child Development A. Normal Child development B. Delayed or Accelerated Development Mental Health Definition PA Levels of Care V. Questions. Normal Child and Adolescent Development. General Development

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Presentation Transcript


  • I. Welcome and introductions
  • Child Development
  • A. Normal Child development
  • B. Delayed or Accelerated Development
  • Mental Health Definition
  • PA Levels of Care
  • V. Questions

Normal Child and Adolescent Development

  • General Development
  • Physical Development
  • Social Development
  • Cognitive Development
  • Sexual Development

Developmental Delays &

Accelerated Development

  • Mental Retardation
  • Learning Disabilities
  • Psychiatric Disorders
  • Experiential Events

Family Dynamics

  • Domestic Violence and Physical Abuse situations
  • Sexual Abuse Situations
  • Substance Abuse Situations


Mental Disorder or mental illness is a psychological or behavioral pattern that occurs in an individual and is thought to cause distress or disability that is not expected as part of normal development or culture.

Guidelines for diagnosis are listed in the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD), the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) and other manuals.


Common Psychiatric Diagnoses

  • Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder
  • Conduct Disorder
  • Oppositional Defiant Disorder
  • Adjustment Disorder
  • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Major Depressive Episode
  • Bi-Polar Disorder
  • Attachment Disorder
  • Reactive Attachment Disorder

Levels of Care in PA

  • Least restrictive and community based are your first line of defense. In schools, Guidance Counselors are the first step.
  • Services range can range from Outpatient to Inpatient settings
  • Team approach provides better results
  • Families should always be involved unless contraindicated by court.

Therapeutic Communication

  • Non-Verbal Techniques (Silence, Nods, Facial expression, Eye contact, etc).
  • Encouraging and Eliciting techniques
  • Minimal encouragements: “Uh-huh” “Go on” “I see”
  • Door openers: “I’d like to hear more,” “Tell me about that,”
  • Closed questions: “Do you like your teacher?”
  • Open questions: ”How do you feel?” ”What happened next?”

Therapeutic Communication

Emotional First Aid / Emotional Acknowledgement / Drain Off

Active Listening / Reflective Listening – “You Seem …”, “Sounds Like you’re feeling …”,

I - Feel Messages – “I feel (emotion) when (behavior) happens


Behavior Change Techniques

  • Managing the environment
  • Prompting
  • Caring gesture (hypodermic affection)
  • Hurdle help
  • Redirection
  • Proximity



Wrap up

Questions about the training


Wrap up

Thank you and have a great day!