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Engineering and Aesthetics PowerPoint Presentation
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Engineering and Aesthetics

Engineering and Aesthetics

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Engineering and Aesthetics

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  1. Session 3 Engineering and Aesthetics

  2. Engineering vs. Aesthetics Source: City of Bellevue, “Speed Hump: Design, Pavement Marking, and Signing”

  3. Design of Horizontal Measures • R = V2/15(e+f) • R = radius of a horizontal measure (ft) • V = speed of travel through the measure (mph) • e = superelevation rate of road • f = side friction factor

  4. Design, Operating, & Posted Speeds Critical Point Design Speed Mean Operating Speed Posted Speed Limit AASHTO Design Speed Tangent Curve Tangent Curve Tangent ALIGNMENT

  5. Maximum Curve Radii for Various Desired Speeds Desired Speed Assumed Side Friction1 Assumed Superelevation Maximum Radius • 15 mph 0.38 0.00 43 0.00 88 • 20 0.30 • 25 0.25 0.00 167 • 30 0.22 0.00 273 1Based on American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO), A Policy on Geometric Design of Highways and Streets, Washington, D.C., 1990, Figure III-17 and Table III-17.

  6. Another Constraint -- Long Wheelbase Vehicles Source: KPG, Inc., Design Report for SE 46th Way Traffic Control Improvements, City of Bellevue, WA, 1994.

  7. Under and Over Designed Horizontal Measures

  8. Design of Vertical Measures • A = 2.15V2/R R = V2/5.81 • A = acceleration (ft/sec2)V = speed of travel over a vertical measure (mph)R = radius of the measure (ft)

  9. Under- and Overdesigned Vertical Measures

  10. Aesthetics -- With and Without Landscaping

  11. Landscaping Policies Agency Neighborhood Dayton, OH install maintain Eugene, OR install maintain till volunteer dies/moves Gainesville, FL install maintain choose plants from city nursery Howard Co., MD install & maintain Montgomery Co. install maintain choose landscape palette San Diego, CA install maintain choose plants from approved list Tallahassee, FL install & maintain reconsidering because of “uglies”

  12. Limited Guidance for Traffic Calming

  13. Result -- Lack of Universal Recognition

  14. Result -- Political Controversy

  15. One Model of Standardization -- Australia

  16. Another Model of Standardization -- Maryland

  17. Need for Context Sensitivity

  18. MUTCD General Guidance • ... engineering judgment is essential to the proper use of signs, the same as with other traffic control devices • Information of a less important nature and extraneous information should be moved to less critical locations or deleted • A conservative use of regulatory and warning signs is recommended as these signs, if used to excess, tend to lose their effectiveness • In situations where messages are required other than those herein provided for, the signs shall be the same shape and color as standard signs of the same functional type

  19. MUTCD Operational Guidance • Yellow diamond-shaped signs for warning • Yellow lines separating opposing traffic • Lettering or symbols of adequate size • Short legends • Symbols in preference to word messages • Educational plaques with new specialty signs • Advance warning when high driver judgment or deceleration to a specific speed is required • Size, height, position, lettering, and reflectorization per MUTCD

  20. Applications of MUTCD Signs

  21. Specialty Signs