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aesthetics n.
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Aesthetics

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  1. Aesthetics Part four

  2. Education in the arts • Introduction • Key Questions • Some effects of art

  3. Bernstein: On education • The Problem • America’s built-in distrust of the arts • In the days of the depression • The problem still exists • Solution • Undercutting the attitudes • Education • Music • Proposal • Conclusion

  4. Art, morality & censorship • Introduction • Key questions • Arguments for and against censorship • Plato • LaBossiere • Wilde

  5. Plato’s Epistemology & Metaphysics • Introduction • Knowledge & Opinion • Argument against relativism (Theatetus) • Relative • Self Refuting • Protagoras • First Problem of the Senses: Change • Changing world • Cannot have certainty • Appear at a specific time • Source of knowledge • Senses cannot be a source of knowledge

  6. Plato’s Epistemology & Metaphysics • Second Problem of the Senses: Definitions • Objects of knowledge must be universal & unchanging • Unchanging definitions are necessary • Language would not work • Perfect Standard Argument • Physical things fall short • Knowledge of something perfect • Knowledge cannot come from senses • Knowledge is Not Right Opinion • Right opinion (true belief) vs. knowledge • True opinion • Account • Rational justification

  7. Plato’s Epistemology & Metaphysics • Knowledge is • Objective • Not obtained by the senses • Universal • Changeless • Based in reason • The Forms & Ideas • Particulars (tokens) & categories (types) • Universal/form • Eternal • Changeless • Perfect

  8. Plato’s Epistemology & Metaphysics • Participation • Idea • The Doctrine of Recollection (Meno) • Meno’s Paradox • Acquiring knowledge • Communing with the forms • Forgetting • Doctrine of Recollection

  9. Plato’s Divided Line • Visible World of Opinion: A+B • Intelligible World of Knowledge: C+D • The Good

  10. Plato’s Epistemology & Metaphysics • Plato’s Metaphysics • The Forms • Real, objective, independent, unchanging • Not spatial or temporal • Participation problem • Change • Paradox of Change • Heraclitus • Parmenides • Platonic compromise • Particulars: changing, imperfect, object of opinion

  11. Plato’s Epistemology & Metaphysics • Particulars • Reality comes in degrees • The forms are causes of particulars • Particulars resemble the forms • Particulars participate in the forms in varying degrees • The forms group particulars into types, making them intelligible.

  12. Plato’s Allegory of the Cave

  13. Plato’s Republic • Introduction • Characters • Claims • Imitation • Ideas/Forms • Artist • The Painter • The Three Beds

  14. Plato’s Republic • Arts & Imitation • Makers & Imitators • The Painter • Knowledge • Homer • A question must be put to Homer • Argument against the claim about Homer • The Poet is like a painter

  15. Plato’s Republic • The Imitator • Appearances • Three Arts • The Imitator • Principles • Imitation • Illusions • The rational principle & the inferior principle

  16. Plato’s Republic • Poetry • Goal • Imitation & Unity • The Good Man • The Higher Principle • Imitation • The Poet • Analogy

  17. Plato’s Republic • The Power to Corrupt • The Power of Poetry • The Effect of Tragic Poetry • The Ridiculous • Lust & Anger • Homer • The Ancient Quarrel • The Return of Poetry

  18. Labossierelights, camera, blood • Introduction • Motivation • Objectives • Background • Arguments for Censorship • Introduction • First Argument: Normalization • Second Argument: Curriculum

  19. Labossierelights, camera, blood • Argument Against Censorship • First Argument-Part One: Dilemma • First Argument-Part Two: Learning • Objection: Other types of works should be censored • Reply to Objection: Lessons

  20. Labossierelights, camera, blood • Concerns • Less than satisfying • Assumption of moral lesson • Limited protection • Response • First Reply: Plausibility • Second Reply: None or sanitized

  21. LabossiereVirtual violence & moral purpose • Plato’s Argument & GTA • Plato’s censorship argument • Video Games • GTA III • Violence with a Moral Purpose • The difference • The difference in Aristotelian terms • Conclusion

  22. Wildepreface from the picture of dorian gray • Wilde • Beauty • Critcism • Morality & Books • 19th Century • Morality • Artists • Arts