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FREI OTTO ( 31 May 1925- ) PowerPoint Presentation
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FREI OTTO ( 31 May 1925- )

FREI OTTO ( 31 May 1925- )

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FREI OTTO ( 31 May 1925- )

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  1. FREI OTTO(31 May 1925- )  German architect and structural engineer.

  2. LIFE • Began experimenting with tents for shelter •  After the war he studied briefly in the United States • Visited Erich Mendelsohn, Mies van derRohe, Richard Neutra, and Frank Lloyd Wright • Began private practice in Germany in 1952 • Awards 1974 Thomas Jefferson Medal in Architecture 1996/7 Wolf Prize in Architecture 2005 RIBA Royal Gold Medal FREI OTTO

  3. Style ……. • authority on lightweight tensile and membrane structures • concerned with space frames and structural efficiency •  experimented with inflatable buildings  structure constructed using two layers of membrane connected together cavity formed between the layers is pressurized with air producing a rigid structural element  pavilions, airships, furniture, airspace structures, boats, escape slides, security mattresses, swimming pools, coverings, games and castles, air bags FREI OTTO

  4. Academics…. • Otto founded the famous Institute for Lightweight Structures at the University of Stuttgart in 1964  FREI OTTO

  5. List of Buildings • 1967 - West Germany Pavilion at Expo 67 Montreal • 1970 - Tuwaiq Palace, Saudi Arabia, with Buro Happold • 1972 - Roof for Olympic Stadium, Munich • 2000 - Roof structure of the Japanese Pavilion at Expo 2000, Hanover Germany (provided engineering assistance with Buro Happold and architectural collaboration with Shigeru Ban) FREI OTTO

  6. Olympic Stadium (Munich) • original capacity of 80,000 •  large sweeping canopies of acrylic glass stabilized by steel cables FREI OTTO

  7. Plan Aerial View FREI OTTO

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  10. Details  the tensile glass tent-like roof  FREI OTTO

  11. FREI OTTO

  12. Tuwaiq Palace • Recipient of the Aga Khan Award for Architecture, 1998. 

  13. Tuwaiq Palace • enclosed by inclined curved walls, forming a sinuous curvilinear spine 800 m long, 12 m high, and 7-13 m wide, used for guest services and accommodations • outdoor sports facilities, gardens, and extensive landscaping laid out in a pattern of complementary spirals, circles, and curves, in harmony with the building's undulations

  14. Mushrooming from the spine are tents supported by tensile-structure technology • design makes reference to two local archetypes - the fortress and the tent

  15. The tents enclose the large-scale spaces: main lounges, reception areas, multi-purpose halls, restaurants, and a café •  dramatic contrast between the lush greenery of the outdoor spaces enclosed by the spine and the arid rocky plateau beyond its walls • The white tents are made of Teflon-coated, woven fibre fabric •  The tents are enclosed by glass walls

  16. SECTION