Download
return to home page n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Return to Home Page PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Return to Home Page

Return to Home Page

77 Views Download Presentation
Download Presentation

Return to Home Page

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Return to Home Page Soviet Development Continued Slides for October 31, 20123 GEOG 433

  2. No. 11 & 12 - First 5-yr plan

  3. No 19 & 20 - Collective and State Farms

  4. No. 21 & 22 Output & targets 1928-1942

  5. Table 2.1 Selected indicators for the first & second 5-year plans (1928-1937)

  6. Fig 2.2 Major regional economic developments, 1920s to 1950s.

  7. Ferrous Metallurgy

  8. KMA - open pit FE-ore mine

  9. Territorial planning units 13 major economic regions for planning, subordinate set for industry and agric. Major regions had no separate planning institutions - spatial data collecting units 1957 Krushchev most ministries abolished, 105 sovnarkhozy established 90 of 105 coincided with preexisting political administrative divisions

  10. Fig 12.1 Major Economic Regions 1940-1960 (Symons)

  11. Fig. 12.2 Sovnarkhozy regions 1957 (Symons)

  12. Fig. 12.3 Industrial Management Regions (1963) (Symons)

  13. Fig. 12.5 Major Economic Regions USSR (Symons)

  14. Fig. 12.5 Major Economic Regions USSR (Symons)

  15. Table 2.2 Average growth rates in the post-Stalin period

  16. Table 2.3 Alternative estimates of average annual economic growth rates, 1951-1985

  17. Table 2.4 Labor force structure of west and eastern Europe, 1955-1985 (in %)

  18. Table 3.1 FSU republics: key territorial & economic indicators

  19. Table 4.1 Ave. Annual Growth Rates of real GNP, 1953-65

  20. pre-Post-Soviet Reforms Brezhnev’s dies 1982 , two short failed CPSU leaders, then Gorbachev elected new lead of CPSU in 1985, peasant from Stavropol’, young, well educated Gorbachev’s Perestroika (rebuilding), inherited deeply entrenched, dysfunctional, totalitarian political system, stagnant state-run economy with serious problems foreign earnings from petro-exports, OPEC greatly expanded oil production in 1980s resulting in $oil dropping from $75 to less than $20/bbl (break-even point for Soviet oil) Hard currency from oil used to purchase foreign consumer goods poor quality (not accurate or honest domestic statistics) late 1980’s 60% of industrial output was heavy machinery, engines, turbines, tractors, military; consumer goods <30% of production

  21. Perestroika Persistent problems confronting Gorbachev Lack of variety of goods Lack of quantity Regional disparities: planners routinely overplanned planners routinely underplanned Lack of quality: incentive problems re: produce better goods lack of competition problems with quality control - durability, consistency, freshness, etc.

  22. Leaders/Characteristics (Blinnikov, page 97)

  23. Timeline for Post-Soviet Reforms 1 (Blinnikov, page 97)

  24. Timeline for Post-Soviet Reforms 2 (Blinnikov, page 98)