Return to Home Page Soviet Development Continued Slides for October 31, 20123 GEOG 433
Table 2.1 Selected indicators for the first & second 5-year plans (1928-1937)
Territorial planning units 13 major economic regions for planning, subordinate set for industry and agric. Major regions had no separate planning institutions - spatial data collecting units 1957 Krushchev most ministries abolished, 105 sovnarkhozy established 90 of 105 coincided with preexisting political administrative divisions
Table 2.3 Alternative estimates of average annual economic growth rates, 1951-1985
Table 2.4 Labor force structure of west and eastern Europe, 1955-1985 (in %)
pre-Post-Soviet Reforms Brezhnev’s dies 1982 , two short failed CPSU leaders, then Gorbachev elected new lead of CPSU in 1985, peasant from Stavropol’, young, well educated Gorbachev’s Perestroika (rebuilding), inherited deeply entrenched, dysfunctional, totalitarian political system, stagnant state-run economy with serious problems foreign earnings from petro-exports, OPEC greatly expanded oil production in 1980s resulting in $oil dropping from $75 to less than $20/bbl (break-even point for Soviet oil) Hard currency from oil used to purchase foreign consumer goods poor quality (not accurate or honest domestic statistics) late 1980’s 60% of industrial output was heavy machinery, engines, turbines, tractors, military; consumer goods <30% of production
Perestroika Persistent problems confronting Gorbachev Lack of variety of goods Lack of quantity Regional disparities: planners routinely overplanned planners routinely underplanned Lack of quality: incentive problems re: produce better goods lack of competition problems with quality control - durability, consistency, freshness, etc.