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Vocabulary Unit 1. approbation. (n.) the expression of approval or favorable opinion, praise; official approval Syn. Commendation, sanction Ant. Disapproval, condemnation, censure. assuage. (v.) to make easier or milder, relieve; to quiet, calm; to put an end to, appease, satisfy, quench

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Vocabulary Unit 1


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    1. Vocabulary Unit 1

    2. approbation • (n.) the expression of approval or favorable opinion, praise; official approval • Syn. Commendation, sanction • Ant. Disapproval, condemnation, censure

    3. assuage • (v.) to make easier or milder, relieve; to quiet, calm; to put an end to, appease, satisfy, quench • Syn. Mitigate, alleviate, slake, allay • Ant. Intensify, aggravate, exacerbate

    4. coalition • (n.) a combination, union, or merger for some specific purpose • Syn. Alliance, league, federation, combine • Ant. Splinter group

    5. decadence • (n.) decline, decay, or deterioration; a condition or period of decline or decay; excessive self- indulgence • Syn. Degeneration, corruption • Ant. Rise, growth, development, maturation

    6. elicit • (v.) to draw forth, bring out from some source (such as another person) • Syn. Call forth, evoke, extract, educe • Ant. Repress, quash, squelch, stifle

    7. expostulate • (v.) to attempt to dissuade someone from some course or decision by earnest reasoning • Syn. Protest, remonstrate, complain

    8. hackneyed • (adj.) used so often as to lack freshness or originality • Syn. Banal, trite, commonplace, corny • Ant. New, fresh, novel, original

    9. hiatus • (n.) a gap, opening, break (in the sense of having an element missing) • Syn. Pause, lacuna • Ant. Continuity, continuation

    10. innuendo • (n.) a hint, indirect suggestion, or reference (often in a derogatory sense) • Syn. Insinuation, intimation • Ant. Direct statement

    11. intercede • (v.) to plead on behalf of someone else; to serve as a third party or go-between in a disagreement • Syn. Intervene, mediate

    12. jaded • (adj.) wearied, worn-out, dulled (in the sense of being satiated nu excessive indulgence) • Syn. Sated, surfeited, cloyed • Ant. Unspoiled, uncloyed

    13. lurid • (adj.) causing shock, horror, or revulsion; sensational; pale or sallow in color; terrible or passionate in intensity or lack of restraint • Syn. Gruesome, gory, grisly, baleful, ghastly • Ant. Pleasant, attractive, appealing, wholesome

    14. meritorious • (adj.) worthy, deserving recognition and praise • Syn. Praiseworthy, laudable, commendable • Ant. Blameworthy, reprehensible, discreditable

    15. petulant • (adj.) peevish, annoyed by trifles, easily irritated and upset • Syn. Irritable, testy, waspish • Ant. Even-tempered, placid, serene, amiable

    16. prerogative • (n.) a special right or privilege; a special quality showing excellence • Syn. Perquisite, perk

    17. provincial • (adj.) pertaining to an outlying area; local; narrow; in mind or outlook, countrified in the sense of being limited and backward; of a simple, plain design that originated in the countryside; (n.) a person with a narrow point of view; a person from an outlying area; a soldier from a province or colony • Syn. Narrow-minded, parochial, insular, naïve • Ant. Cosmopolitan, catholic, broad-minded

    18. simulate • (v.) to make a pretense of imitate; to show the outer signs of • Syn. Feign, pretend, affect

    19. transcend • (v.) to rise above or beyond, exceed • Syn. Surpass, outstrip

    20. umbrage • (n.) shade cast by trees; foliage giving shade; an overshadowing influence or power; offence, resentment; a vague suspicion • Syn. Irritation, pique, annoyance • Ant. Pleasure, delight, satisfaction

    21. unctuous • (adj.) excessively smooth or smug; trying too hard to give an impression of earnestness, sincerity, or piety; fatty, oily, pliable • Syn. Mealy-mouthed, servile, fawning, greasy • Ant. Gruff, blunt