assessment assortment: using formative and summative assessment to improve student achievement and instruction in the area of literacy. Lisa Caudill July 2009. Something to think about….
“In fact, the very best schools may be doing the most harm because they are accomplishing what they are setting out to do.”
- James Skeen
Does the synthesis of formative and summative assessment, in conjunction with strategy-based instruction, influence student achievement and instruction in literacy?
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of integrating strategy-based instruction and formative assessment strategies with existing summative assessment methods on student achievement and student-centered instruction in third and fourth grade literacy classrooms.
Through implementing well-designed student-centered assessment rooted in strategy-based instruction to existing measures of student achievement, it is hypothesized that students will show increased achievement and instruction will improve in order to meet student needs.
Group 1 – Third Grade, FA/SBI Group 2 - Third Grade, n0 FA/SBI
Group 3 – Fourth Grade, FA/SBI Group 4 - Fourth Grade, no FA/SBI
Although the results are not statistically significant, the data did provide some informative and interesting patterns that have implications on literacy instruction and assessment…
Students demonstrate the most growth from September to January regardless of the mode of instruction and assessment strategies used.
However, those students in the treatment group demonstrated greater degrees of growth, with a .6 increase in comprehension compared to a .45 increase in the control group.
Third grade students in the treatment group showed regression between January and April, while all other students involved continued to show steady improvement.
In assessing the progress made from September to April, both groups showed growth. There are inconsistencies among the degree of improvement from third to fourth grade.
Clearly, strategy-based instruction and a synthesis of formative and summative assessment are beneficial to the growth and development of independent readers.
For effective instruction and assessment: