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The Final Battle

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  1. The Final Battle Calling the Phones Phonology fill in the blank On the Spot Minimal Pairs Name that Phonological Rule Set Up the Syllable Phono + Tactics Feature Features Act It Out Eawy Phonetic Pwocesses Toddler Syntax

  2. Table of Content • Calling the Phones • Phonology fill in the blank • On the Spot Minimal Pairs • Name that Phonological Rule Set Up the Syllable Phone+O+Tactics Feature Features Acting Out EawyPwoneticPwocesses Toddler Syntax

  3. Calling the Phones Duel - One against one Each team chooses two participants. When giving your answer you will be awarded -2 pt for the SOUND 2 pt for the SYMBOL (on board) 1 pt for an EXAMPLE Referee needed IPA chart 8 questions

  4. Which sound is it? • I am a “plosive”. • I am “velar” • I am “voiceless” • What am I? [k]

  5. Which sound is it? • I am a “nasal”. • I am “bilabial” • I am “voiced” • What am I? [m]

  6. Which sound is it? • I am a “plosive”. • I am “alveolar” • I am “voiceless” • What am I? [t]

  7. Which sound is it? • I am an “approximant” • I am “velar” and “labial” • To pronounce me, you must have rounded lips. • What am I? [w]

  8. Which sound is it? • I am “alveolar” • I am “voiced”, but can also be voiceless in certain circumstances. • I am a “lateral approximant”. • I am a “liquid”. • What am I? [l]

  9. Which sound is it? • I am “alveolar”. • I am a “nasal” • I am “voiced” • What am I? [n]

  10. Which sound is it? • I am a “fricative”. • I am “glottal” • I am “voiceless” • What am I? [h]

  11. Which sound is it? • I am an “affricate”. • I am “voiceless” • What am I? [ʧ]

  12. Which sound is it? • I am “plosive”. • I am “bilabial” • I am “voiced” • What am I? [b]

  13. Phonology Fill in the Blank Individual Questions Each team chooses one participant 8 questions

  14. Phonology Fill in the Blank • No human language exploits all phonetic ___________. possibilities

  15. Phonology Fill in the Blank • Every language makes its own particular selection from the range of all possible ________________. speech sounds

  16. Phonology Fill in the Blank • The task of ______________ is to discover and describe the systematic phonological patterns found in individual languages. phonologists

  17. Phonology Fill in the Blank • __________ correspond to articulatory or acoustic categories such as [voice] or [strident] • They are the smallest building block of phonological structure Features

  18. Phonology Fill in the Blank • The three major phonological units are: • Features • Segments • Syllable

  19. Phonology Fill in the Blank • Segments are said to _________ when their presence alone may distinguish forms with different meaning from each other • Ex: sip [sɪp] and zip [zɪp] contrast

  20. Phonology Fill in the Blank • Two forms with distinct meaning that differ by only one segment found in the same position in each form, are said to be __________ _______. minimal pairs

  21. Phonology Fill in the Blank • Segments that contrast with each other in a particular language are said to belong to separate ____________ of that language. phonemes

  22. On the SpotMinimal Pairs Individual Questions Each team chooses one participants Referee needed  To check answers 4 questions

  23. On the Spot Minimal Pairs Find minimal pairs to prove that /f/ and /v/ are in fact phonemes of English.

  24. On the Spot Minimal Pairs Find minimal pairs to prove that /b/ and /m/ are in fact phonemes of English.

  25. On the Spot Minimal Pairs Find minimal pairs to prove that /z/ and /s/ are in fact phonemes of English.

  26. On the Spot Minimal Pairs Find minimal pairs to prove that /l/ and /r/ are in fact phonemes of English.

  27. Name the Phonological Rule Group Question (all groups work at once) First group to answer Time limit (60 seconds) Possibility of stealing other groups points 8 questions

  28. Name that Phonological Rule /l/ Blue [blu] Gleam [glim] Slip [slɪp] Flog [flɒg] Leaf [lif] Plow [pl̥aʊ] Clap [kl̥æp] Clear [kl̥ɪər] Play [pl̥eɪ]

  29. Answer • In English, we find the voiceless allophones /l̥/after voiceless stops, • and voiced allophones /l/elsewhere.

  30. Name the Phonological Rule /r/ Brew [bru] Green [grin] Drip [drɪp] Frog [rɒg] Shrimp [ʃrɪmp] Prow [pr̥aʊ] Trip [tr̥ɪp] Creep [kr̥ip] Pray [pr̥eɪ]

  31. Answer • In English, glides have voiceless allophones after voiceless stops, • and voiced allophones elsewhere.

  32. Name that Phonological Rule /j//w/ Beauty [bjuti] Dwayne [dweɪn] Gwen [gwɛn] View [vju] Swim [swɪm] Thwack [θwæk] Putrid [pj̥utrɪd] Twin [tw̥ɪn] Quick [kw̥ɪk] Cute [kj̥ut]

  33. Answer • In English, liquids have voiceless allophones after voiceless stops, • and voiced allophones elsewhere.

  34. Name that Phonological Rule /aɪ//aʊ/ Eyes [aɪz] Lies [laɪz] Tried [tr̥aɪd] Tribe [tr̥aɪb] House [haʊz] Loud [laʊd] Cow [kaʊ] Ice [ʌɪs] Lice [l ʌɪs] Trite [tr̥ʌɪt] Tripe [tr̥ʌɪp] House [hʌʊs]

  35. Answer • [aj] before the class of voiced consonants or in word final position • [ʌ j] before the class of voiceless consonants

  36. Name that Phonological Rule /e/ Save [sev] Abe [eb] Made [med] Maze [mez] Age [edʒ] Haig [eg] Safe [sĕf] Ape [ĕp] Mate [mĕt] Mace [mĕs] H [ĕtʃ] Ache [ĕk]

  37. Answer • In English, /e/ is short when followed by a voiceless consonant.

  38. Name that Phonological Rule /n/ Know [noʊ] Annoy [ənɔɪ] Onion [ʌnyən] Nun [nʌn] Tenth [tɛn̪θ] Month [mʌn̪θ] Panther [pæn̪θər] Chrysanthemum [krɪsæn̪θəməm]

  39. Answer • In English, /n/ becomes dental when it precedes /θ/.

  40. Name that Phonological Rule /k/ Skill [skɪl] Ask [æsk] Ski [ski] School [skul] Skull [skʌl] Ink [ɪŋk] Kill [khɪl] Cass [khæs] King [khɪŋ] Cool [khul] Key [khi] Cull [khəl]

  41. Answer • Voiceless oral stops (/k/) are aspirated when it is syllable initial, and unaspirated elsewhere *

  42. Name that Phonological Rule Lit [lɪt] Lame [leɪm] Let [lɛt] Lick [lɪk] Lay [leɪ] Leak [lik] Low [ɫoʊ] Law [ɫɔ] Loot [ɫut] Lull[ɫʌɫ] All[ɔɫ] Feel[fiɫ]

  43. Answer • In English, [l] occurs in the initial position before a front vowel. • In English, [ɫ] occurs in the initial position before a central or back vowel or in the word final position

  44. Set Up the Syllable One participant per team On the Board Time limit (30 seconds) One group at a time but other groups work on the question at desk Since there will be a possibility of steeling points 4 questions

  45. Draw the Syllable Tree for this word Wd • Syllable: σ σ σ O R O R R N N Co N Co s ɪ l ə b ə l

  46. Set Up the Syllable Wd • Lullaby: σ σ σ R O O O R R N N N l ʌ l ə b a ɪ

  47. Set Up the Syllable Wd • Finding: σ σ O R O R N Co N Co f a ɪ n d ɪŋ

  48. Set Up the Syllable Wd • Hopelessly: σ σ σ O R O R O R N Co N N Co h o ʊ p l ə s l i

  49. Phone + O + tactics Individual questions Multiple choice questions Time limit (10 seconds) 4 questions

  50. Definition: The set of constraints on how sequences of segments pattern. Phone me … baby! Phonetics Phonemes Phonology Phonotactics