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Health I Unit 1. * A Healthy Foundation. Your Health & Wellness. Spending time with friends is an important part of Health. *Give an example of how relationships can have a positive impact on health. Health- the combination of physical, mental/emotional and social well-being.

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health i unit 1

Health IUnit 1

*A Healthy Foundation

your health wellness
Your Health & Wellness
  • Spending time with friends is an important part of Health.

*Give an example of how relationships can have a positive impact on health.

slide3

Health- the combination of physical, mental/emotional and social well-being.

It is not an absolute state. It doesn’t mean you will never be sick.

*Being Healthy means striving to be the best you can be at any given time.

the health continuum
The Health Continuum

Loss of Health & Wellness

Improved Health & Wellness

High level of Health

Premature Death

Lack of energy, inattention, minor aches and pains

Free from aches & Pains

Chronic

Disorders

Moderate level of energy

Optimal level of energy, feeling of well-being

slide5

Premature Death

High Level of Health

midpoint

  • People on the left side of the continuum usually do not take responsibility for maintaining their own Health.
  • People on the right side usually exhibit a high degree of responsibility, discipline & positive direction in life. They accept responsibility for maintaining their own health.
slide6

Many people function below the wellness midpoint. 

-When you feel your best, you will perform at your best.

*How might maintaining a high level of wellness help you reach your goals?

slide7

-A person with a balanced life is said to have a high degree of wellness.

*Wellness-an overall state of well-being or total health.

*Achieving wellness requires ongoing, lifelong commitment to physical, mental/emotional and social health.

slide8

Research has shown that teens need more sleep than adults do. Establishing a regular sleep schedule can help you get enough sleep each night.

*What are two other actions you can take to ensure that you get an adequate amount of sleep?

promoting your health
Promoting Your Health
  • Making responsible decisions about health and developing health-promoting habits is crucial to achieving and maintaining wellness.

-Prevention-practicing health and safety habits to remain free of disease and injury.

*Prevention is a key to your wellness!

lifestyle factors
Lifestyle Factors

Experts have identified habits that affect people’s overall health, happiness and longevity—or how long they live.

They are personal behaviors related to the way a person lives and can help determine his or her level of health.

example
Example
  • Smoking = Lung Cancer
slide14

Health is critical to quality of life. Learning how to become and stay healthy should be a top priority.

-Health Education-the providing of accurate health information to help people make healthy choices.

*The goal of health education is to give people the tools they need to help them live long, energetic and productive lives.

nation s health goals
Nation’s Health Goals

Health education affects more than just students. Healthy People 2010 is a nationwide health promotion and disease prevention plan designed to serve as a guide for improving the health of all people in the United States. This plan is revised every 10 yrs and aims to promote health and prevent illness, disability and early death.

goals of healthy people 2010
Goals of Healthy People 2010

Healthy People 2010 has established two main goals.

  • Increase quality and years of healthy life for ALL Americans
  • Remove health differences that result from factors such as gender, race, education, disability, and location.
slide17

~Individuals can take an active role in their own health.

*Learn to make informed decisions

*Promote the health of others

*Access reliable health care information and services

slide18

~Communities can offer behavior-changing classes such as tobacco-cessation programs and provide health services.

*They can also take steps to ensure a safe environment.

slide19

~Families can shape attitudes and beliefs that result in healthful behaviors

*Teach children the values and skills necessary to maintain good health.

slide20

~Health literacy refers to a person’s capacity to learn about and understand basic health information and services and use these resources to promote his or her health and wellness.

answer the following questions
Answer the following questions:
  • Write a paragraph using the terms Health, wellness and health education.
  • How can promoting healthy behaviors such as avoiding tobacco help prevent disease?
  • Explain how being health literate helps you achieve and maintain good health.
chapter 1 quiz true or false
Chapter 1: Quiz True or False

1.Abstince is an overall state of well-being or total health.

2. A key to health and wellness if prevention.

3. The three elements of health are physical, mental/emotional and psychological health.

4. Risk behaviors are actions that can potentially threaten your health or the health of others.

5. Cumulative risks may be related risks that increase in effect with each added risk.

health triangle
Health Triangle

Three elements of

Health

Physical

Social

Mental/ Emotional

physical health
Physical Health

~Physical Health is how well you body functions. When you are in good physical health you have enough energy to perform the activities of daily life and to cope with everyday challenges and stresses.

*Being physical healthy involves getting adequate sleep & rest, eating nutritious meals, drinking enough water and being physically active on a regular basis.

slide25

Physical Health also includes practicing good hygiene and getting regular medical & dental checkups and treatments when you need them.

  • In order to maintain physical health you must pay attention to what you put into your body. AVOID things such as tobacco, alcohol and other drugs ( THEY ARE BAD!)
mental emotional health
Mental/Emotional Health

Your feelings about yourself, how well you meet the demands of daily life and your ability to process information are all important parts of your mental/emotional health.

ppl w good mental emotional health
Ppl w/good Mental/Emotional Health
  • Enjoy challenges
  • Like learning new things
  • See mistakes as opportunities to grow/change
  • Accept responsibility for their actions
  • Stand up for their beliefs and values
  • In touch with their feelings and can express them appropriately
  • Can deal with frustrations of life
  • Avoid dwelling on negative thoughts
social health
Social Health

Your social health involves the way you get along with others. Includes your ability to make and keep friends and to work and play in cooperative ways, seeking and lending support when necessary. It involves communicating well and showing respect and care for yourself & others.

slide29

The Health triangle is made up of three elements—physicial, emotional/mental and social health.

~How might something affecting the physical side of your health triangle, such as an injury, affect the other two sides?

keeping a balance
Keeping a Balance

~An unbalanced health triangle is likely to cause you problems at some point. When you work to keep your physical, mental/emotional and social health in balance, you are much more likely to function at your highest level.

slide31

People from the same family often share many of the same physical traits.

*What physical similarities do the people in this family share?

*What are some health factors that can be inherited?

influences on your health
Influences on Your Health

There are several important influences on your health. They include heredity, environment, media & technology and most importantly, your values, attitude and behavior.

take 5 answer
Take 5 & answer

~What situations and people affected your health at each stage of your life?

~How have influences on your health changed through the years?

~How do early influences still affect you today?

heredity
Heredity

Refers to all the traits that were biologically passed on to you from your parents. You are familiar with eye & hair color, as well as height. Heredity can also influence your health. Inheriting certain genes may put you at risk for certain illnesses. Other genes may strengthen your resistance to disease. It can also influence personality and basic intellectual abilities and talents.

environment
Environment

~All of your surroundings, including your family, neighborhood, school, job and life experiences.

~All the places you go in a given day and the physical conditions in which you live.

~All the people in your life and your culture

physical environment
Physical Environment

Influences every aspect of your health. A person who lives in a safe environment is likely to enjoy good physical and mental/emotional health. In contrast to someone who lives in an area with a high crime rate, they may experience stress or feel constant concern for personal safety.

~Air pollution is another environmental factor that can influence your health or living with a smoker can increase the risk of respiratory problems.

social environment
Social Environment

This includes your family and other people that you come in contact with each day. A supportive social environment is made up of family and other adult role models that can help you develop positive values, commitment to learning and confidence in future success.

social environment1
Social Environment

As a teen peers are a very important part of your social environment. Peers are people from the same age who share similar interests.

*Standing up to peer pressure can be challenging. Choosing friends who care about their health and yours supports a positive peer environment.

culture
Culture

Refers to the collective beliefs, customs and behaviors of a group. This group may be an ethnic group, a community, a nation, or a specific part of the world.

*The language your family speaks, the foods you enjoy, the traditions you have, and the religion you practice are all part of your environment.

*Your culture gives you a sense of identity. Understanding culture can help you know yourself better and be tolerant of others.

attitude
Attitude

The way you view situations—your attitude—greatly affects the choices you make.

~Attitude can play a major role in health & wellness. Studies have shown that people who tend to see the positive in a situation are more likely to have better health than those who only see the negative.

~Try to view challenging situations positively and think in realistic terms. Doing so will help you make healthful decisions, reach your goals, and successfully manage your life.

behavior
Behavior

You have no control over your heredity and limited control over your environment, BUT you have a great deal of control over your behavior!

~Your behavior affects not only your physical health but also your mental/emotional health. For example, mastering anew skill can give you a sense of accomplishment and enhance your self-esteem. Learning how to resolve conflicts peacefully can have a positive influence on your relationship with others.

media
Media

Is a major influence on health. There are various methods of communicating information, such as radio, television, film, newspapers, magazines, books, and the internet. Although the media’s main purpose has been to provide information and entertainment, it also plays a powerful role in shaping public opinion.

Advances in information delivery systems(internet) gives access from thousands of sources at your fingertips! Unfortunately not all sources are reliable or accurate.

technology
Technology

Advances in medical screenings and treatment for disease can help people live longer, healthier lives.

It can also be negative. People drive or ride instead of walk, play video games or watch TV instead of playing outside.

assignment
Assignment
  • Describe the importance of taking responsibility for health maintenance by keeping the three areas of health in balance.
  • Explain how technology has impacted health.
  • Select the side of the health triangle that you think is most affected by personal behavior. Explain your choice.
  • If you were looking for facts about weight lifting, how might you analyze the health messages delivered through a web site for a company that sells weight equipment vs. information provided by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP)?
your behavior reducing health risks
Your Behavior & Reducing Health Risks

Part of becoming an adult is learning to make responsible decisions. As you move toward adulthood, you become increasingly responsible for decisions regarding your health. It’s important to remember that the choices you make during adolescence can have an effect on your health for the rest of your life!

slide46

Risk Behaviors~Are actions that can potentially threaten your health or the health of others.

The consequences of risk behaviors may add up over time. These Cumulative risks are related risks that increase in effect with each added risk.

Smoking one time may not kill you, but driving over the speed limit over time, could cause you to wreck and be seriously injured or even death.

slide47

Abstinence is avoiding harmful behaviors, including the use of tobacco, alcohol and other drugs and sexual activity before marriage. Choosing to abstain from high-risk behaviors is one of the most important health decisions you can make as a teen.

You avoid so many negative consequences.

Lung Cancer, STD’s, unplanned pregnancy, jail

slide48

How are risk behaviors associated with consequences?

  • What are cumulative risks? Use this term in a complete sentence.
  • Analyze the importance of abstinence from sexual activity before marriage.
  • Why is it important to learn about risk behaviors in the teen years?
  • How can you communicate the importance of practicing abstinence to other teens?