The History of India A Timeline of Events. Katelyn D. February 3,2009 Asia/Africa Case Studies. Indus Valley Civilization.
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Asia/Africa Case Studies
The India Pakistan wars first started shortly after India gained its independency in 1947. The first Indo-Pakistani conflict was between 1947-1948, at this time the Indo military had been called to protect its borders of the state of Jammu and Kashmir. The Pathans tribal people attack from the northwest and reached Kashmir on October 22, 1947. Conflicts led into the spring of 1948, and the Indian government sought out for the United Nations for mediation of the conflict. With the mediation of the United Nations, it brought the war to an end on January 1, 1949. When all was said and done 1,500 soldiers died on each side while the war took place.
The second Indo-Pakistani conflict took place in 1965, and like the first conflict this war was fought over Kashmir and started without formal declaration of war. Shortly after the war started India gained a great victory by capturing three major mountain positions in the northern sector. Pakistan counterattacked which moved concentrations into other areas, but this just led to powerful Indian forces taking more important mountain positions leading them to take the key HajiPir Pass, eight kilometers inside Pakistani territory.
- Main issue: conflict and disputes over Kashmir
In 1984, on a December night, on of the worst industrial accidents in history took place in Bhopal, India. A tank containing (MIC) methyl isocyanate leaked out at the Union Carbide pesticide plant. The plant was first built to make pesticides locally to help with farming production. When water leaked into the tank that contained 40 tons of MIC, the water caused the tank to heat up which led to the major gas leak. An estimated 27 tons of MIC gas escaped and most people were asleep when the leak first took place. People woke up to the coughing of their children or found themselves chocking on the fumes. The gas left people cocking, coughing, their eyes and throats burning from the fumes, and some people dropped to their floors in great amounts of pain. This is such an important event to recognize because an estimated 5,000- 8,000 people died from immediate exposure to the gas, two decades after about 20,000 additional people have died from the damages they received from the gas, and another 120,000 people live daily with the effects from the gas. Effects include anything from blindness, shortness of breath, cancer, birth defects, and other various diseases.