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Dr. Zeenat Zaidi
It exhibits 3 surfaces:
The gland is an irregular lobulated mass, sends ‘processes’ in various directions. These include:
A portion of fascia extending from the styloid process to the angle of mandible is called stylomandibular ligament. It separates the parotid gland from the submandibular gland
Posterior border of the ramus of mandible
Terminal branches of the facial nerve
Carotid sheath with its contents
Styloid process & attached muscles
Posterior belly of digastric muscle
A few lymph nodes are scattered in the substance of the gland
Buccal pad of fat
Buccinator muscle &
Opens into the vestibule of mouth on a small papilla, opposite the second upper molar tooth
Venous drainage: Into the retro-mandibular vein
Superficial temporal a.
External carotid a.
Deep cervical n.
This is due to aberrant nerve regeneration after injury (a communication develops between the auriculo-temporal & greater auricular nerves such that parasympathetic fibers migrate into the cutaneous sympathetic nerves that supply the sweat glands)