PEDIATRIC ENDOCRINE DISORDERS. Pediatric Differences in the Endocrine System. The endocrine system is less developed at birth than any other body system Hormonal control of many body functions is lacking until 12-18 months of age
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Keep serum phenylalanine level at 2-6mg/dl
Maple syrup urine
Carbohydrate metabolic dysfunction
Related to a liver enzyme deficiency (GALT)
Leads to accumulation of galactose metabolites in the eyes, liver, kidney and brain
Dietary teaching and compliance
Mixing special preparations
Inability of the body to produce or excrete insulin
It can occur at any age.
Failure to produce insulin leads to elevated blood glucose
How would you tell polyuria in a toddler?
Answer: Enuresis in a toilet-trained child
Symptoms of diabetes plus Plasma Glucose Levels of:
**Ketonuria is a frequent finding**
Managed and educated by a multidisciplinary team of experts in pediatric diabetes
Maintain serum glucose levels from:
Children use carbohydrate counting:
Treatment and Nursing Care
Signs of DKA
cheese and crackers, candy
at time of teaching