perfect tense verbs principal parts n.
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Perfect Tense Verbs & Principal Parts

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 12

Perfect Tense Verbs & Principal Parts - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 149 Views
  • Uploaded on

Perfect Tense Verbs & Principal Parts. Ecce Romani Ch. 19 & 20 PERFECT TENSE - a COMPLETED action that happened in the PAST. Compare the following Examples: Present Caupo mussat . The innkeeper mutters . Imperfect Caupo mussabat . The innkeeper was muttering. Perfect

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Perfect Tense Verbs & Principal Parts' - makala


Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
perfect tense verbs principal parts

Perfect Tense Verbs & Principal Parts

Ecce Romani Ch. 19 & 20

PERFECT TENSE - aCOMPLETED action that happened in the PAST.

perfect tense

Compare the following Examples:

  • Present

Caupomussat. The innkeeper mutters.

  • Imperfect

Caupomussabat.

The innkeeper was

muttering.

  • Perfect

Caupomussavit. The inkeepermuttered.

PERFECT TENSE

- COMPLETED action that happened in the PAST.

perfect tense translations
PERFECT TENSE TRANSLATIONS
  • -ed- most common, but can be a challenge with irregular verbs in English.
  • has / have –ed
  • did – used mostly in questions, but can be easier in English than the “-ed”.
perfect tense signs
Perfect Tense Signs
  • Most perfect tense verb stems end in the letters –x, -l, -s, -u, or –v.
  • Use this mnemonic device to remember them: “X-traLong S.U.V.”

Ex. from this chapter:

perfect tense signs1
Perfect Tense Signs
  • Most perfect tense verb stems end in the letters –x, -l, -s, -u, or –v.
  • Use this mnemonic device to remember them: “X-traLong S.U.V.”

Ex. from this chapter:

no tense sign verbs
“No Tense Sign” Verbs
  • These stems and endings look like in the present tense, but have a lengthened vowel (vowel with a macron) BEFORE the endings.

Ex. Etiam Marcus advenit. (present)

Marcus also arrives.

Etiam Marcus advēnit. (perfect)

Marcus also arrived.

N.B. Your book resources will not always give the macron – translate according to context!

principal parts
PRINCIPAL PARTS
  • All VERBS have 4 main parts called PRINCIPLE PARTS.
  • These are the words provided in the dictionary entry. They are listed in the same order by which we refer to them: 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th.

Ex.

Amo, amare, amavi, amatus

review the 2 nd principal part tells us the conjugation of the verb
REVIEW: The 2ndPrincipal part tells us the conjugation of the verb:

Conjugation

1st P.P., 2nd P.P.

  • 1st Conjugation
  • 2nd Conjugation
  • 3rd Conjugation
    • 3rd –io
  • 4th Conjugation
  • -o, -are
  • -eo, -ere (“strong”, sometimes w/macron)
  • -o, -ere (“weak”, no macron)
    • -io, -ere
  • -io, -ire
perfect stem
PERFECT STEM
  • This is the part of the verb that will contain an “X-tra Long S.U.V.” stem change, if there is one.
  • Find the perfect stem by dropping the –I ending from the 3rd Principle Part.
  • This is the stem we use to conjugate verbs in the Perfect Tense.
principal part patterns
Principal Part Patterns
  • It’s easy to recognize verbs in the 1st, 2nd and 4th principal parts:
  • 1st - -o, -are, -avi, -atus
  • 2nd - -eo, -ere, -ui, -itus
  • 4th- -io, -ire, -ivi, -itus
  • 3rd Conjugation verbs are less predictable.
  • They most commonly use the –x, -l and –s stem changes.
  • We just have to memorize / look them up as needed.