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Objectives 9/10. Describe characteristics of early man Explain impact of geography on human societies Analyze cave art for clues of technology, religion Describe how human lifestyles changed in the Neolithic Era. The Development of Civilization. Early Man – Pre-AP. Early Man – Pre-AP.
Early Man – Pre-AP
Era was the migration to all continents except Antarctica.
Land and ice bridges connected the continents.
Humans originated in Africa
migrate from Asia
into the Americas?
Land/Ice Bridges connected Siberia and Alaska
to their physical environment.
What were some adaptations?
Using animal skins for warmth
Using natural resources for shelter
sea levels rose eliminating
the land bridges.
As the earth warmed,
the human population expanded
The Neolithic Revolution began between 10,000-8,000 years ago which transformed human existence.
land bridges, societies became isolated in the Americas, islands, and
Aborigines are believed to be descended from the first humans who migrated to Australia during the Paleolithic era.
Seeds scattered at a regular campsite result in crops the following season
The agricultural revolution begins and over the next several hundred years, many societies begin to farm.
Agriculture first developed
in the Middle East.
How did life change for humans as they settled into permanent dwellings?
As agriculture developed, the role of women began to change. Gender equality which existed in the Paleolithic era was replaced by a patriarchal society in which men became the primary farmers or workers. As a result of better nutrition
and a sedentary life, women had more children. Women became family caregivers.
development of metal working
would be used to make farm tools and
seeds led to
Growth of villages into Cities
it led to:
Walls of Jericho
Technological and social advances gave rise to stable communities
Were early cities in the Fertile Crescent studied by archaeologists
is an example of a Neolithic settlement currently under
excavation in Anatolia or
With the development of agriculture, humans no longer adapted to their environment. They learn to control their environment . Example: growing crops, domesticating animals such as goats and developing irrigation systems to control flooding.
Stonehenge, located in England provides a perfect example of humans controlling their environment. Built between the Neolithic era and completed during the bronze age, each stone weighs four tons each. How did they build it?