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Chapter 12. Recovery and Rebirth: The Renaissance. Meaning and Characteristics of the Renaissance Making of Renaissance Society Social Changes in the Renaissance Peasants and Townspeople Family and Marriage in Renaissance Italy Italian States Birth of Modern Diplomacy

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Chapter 12


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    1. Chapter 12 Recovery and Rebirth: The Renaissance

    2. Meaning and Characteristics of the Renaissance • Making of Renaissance Society • Social Changes in the Renaissance • Peasants and Townspeople • Family and Marriage in Renaissance Italy • Italian States • Birth of Modern Diplomacy • Machiavelli and the New Statecraft • Italian Renaissance Humanism • Education, History and the Impact of Printing • Art in the Early Renaissance • The Artist and Social Status • European State in the Renaissance • The Church and the Renaissance

    3. ©2004 Wadsworth, a division of Thomson Learning, Inc. Thomson Learning™ is a trademark used herein under license.

    4. Meaning and Characteristics of the Italian Renaissance • Renaissance • Jacob Burkhardt • Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy (1860) • Age of Recovery • Emphasis on individual ability

    5. The Making of Renaissance Society • Economic Recovery • Revival in trade • Italian cities lose economic supremacy • Hanseatic League • Manufacturing • Banking • Florence and the Medici

    6. Social Changes in the Renaissance • The Nobility • Reconstruction of the aristocracy • Aristocracy: 2 – 3 percent of the population • Baldassare Castiglione (1478 – 1529) • The Book of the Courtier (1528)

    7. Peasants and Townspeople • Peasants • Decline of manorial system and serfdom • Urban Society • Patricians • Petty burghers, shopkeepers, artisans, guildmasters, and guildsmen • The poor and unemployed • Slaves

    8. Family & Marriage in Renaissance Italy • Husbands and Wives • Marriages • Husbands • Wives • Children • Wealthy and Poor • Sexual Norms • Prostitution – city regulation

    9. The Italian States in the Renaissance • Five Major Powers • Milan • Venice • Florence • The Papal States • Kingdom of Naples • Independent City-States • Mantua • Ferrara • Urbino • The Role of Women • Warfare in Italy

    10. Map 12.1: Renaissance Italy

    11. The Birth of Modern Diplomacy • Modern diplomacy a product of Renaissance Italy • Changing concept of the ambassador • Resident ambassadors • Agents of the territorial state

    12. Machiavelli and the New Statecraft • Niccolo Machiavelli (1469 – 1527) • The Prince

    13. Italian Renaissance Humanism • Classical Revival • Petrarch (1304 – 1374) • Humanism in Fifteenth-Century Italy • Humanism and Philosophy • Translates Plato’s dialogues • Synthesis of Christianity and Platonism

    14. Education, History, and the Impact of Printing • Education in the Renaissance • Humanism and History • Secularization • The Impact of Printing • Johannes Gutenberg • The spread of printing

    15. Art in the Early Renaissance • Masaccio (1401 – 1428)

    16. Masaccio, Tribute Money

    17. Raphael, School of Athens

    18. The Artist and Social Status • Early Renaissance • High Renaissance • Heroes

    19. The European State in the Renaissance • The Renaissance State in Western Europe • France • England • Spain • Unification of Castile and Aragón • Establishment of professional royal army • Religious uniformity • The Inquisition • Conquest of Granada • Expulsion of the Jews

    20. Map 12.2: Europe in the Second Half of the Fifteenth Century

    21. Map 12.3: The Iberian Peninsula

    22. The Church in the Renaissance • The Problems of Heresy and Reform • John Wycliff (c. 1328 – 1384) and Lollardy • John Hus (1374 – 1415) • Urged the elimination of worldliness and corruption of the clergy • Burned at the stake (1415) • Church Councils • The Papacy • The Renaissance Papacy • Julius II (1503 – 1513) • “Warrior Pope” • Nepotism • Patrons of Culture • Leo X (1513 – 1521)