Mathematics at Home Ponsbourne St Mary’s School
Mathematical Language • Mathematical language is confusing to many children and adults. • Need to contextualise the language. E.g. How many is 3 cars take away 2 cars? • Use objects - don’t make maths abstract • Need to constantly use mathematical language at home and at school. Consistency.
My Mathematical Study • Studying Mathematical language for my Masters in Education at Cambridge University. • Read around on the issue • Analysed our planning • Observed lessons • Interviewed teachers and children
Outcomes from my study • Children became more confident in their use of mathematical language • Children became better at solving word problems. E.g. If Kate had 12 cake and gave half to Jim and Bob ate half of Jims how many did Bob eat? • Change in timetable to allow for discussion – Oral and Mental starters • WOW words displayed
Importance of Mathematical Talk • Mathematical discussion and talk aids understanding. • Importance of maths talk at home – children achieve more highly and understand • Need to work together to give your child/ren the chance to understand and enjoy maths.
Ideas for Maths at Home • NUMBER • Use ‘more’ or ‘less’ when comparing objects at home or out. E.g. Is there more blue bricks than red bricks? • Sing counting rhymes – 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 – 10 in the bed, 5 current buns etc. • Get a thermometer and look at the readings – negative numbers • To practice the times tables daily – in the car?
Ideas for Maths at Home • COUNTING • Counting objects – how many dolls have you got? How many have brown hair? etc. • Look at odd and even numbers on houses – count the odd houses 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, etc. • Play cards/dominoes- count the symbols/dots - snap • Playing board games – count the number on the dice – move the correct number of squares.
Ideas for Maths at Home • ADDING AND TAKING AWAY • Food -Count the number of chips on your plate. If you eat two how many will your have left? • Shopping – Sam has 4 items in his basket and you have 3. How many items do you have altogether? • Playing – You have two football teams of players – how many do you have altogether – One has been sent off how many do you have now?
Ideas for Maths at Home • MULTIPLICATION AND DIVISION • Cooking - To work out how many potatoes to put in the pan if each person wants 4. 4 people times/multiplied by 4 potatoes equals 16 potatoes. • Playing -To share out the toys/sweets between them. 12 toys shared between 3 children equals 4 toys each.
Ideas for Maths at Home • MONEY • Give children money to spend at the shop – have to work out the cost of their item and the change they will get before they can buy it. Or find the correct change. • Count the change in your pocket/purse together. • Make a wish list in a catalogue and add up prices. How much change from £100? • Give children the task of finding the cheapest/dearest baked beans in the shop. What is the difference in price from the cheapest to the dearest? How much could you save?
Ideas for Maths at Home • FRACTIONS, DECIMALS AND PERCENTAGES • Ask them what fraction of the pizza/sweets/burgers/potatoes are on their plate? E.g. 3 out of 12 = 3/12 = ¼ = one quarter or 0.25 or 25% • Ask what fraction/percentage of the cars in the car park are blue? Or the objects in the shopping basket are fruit/meat/veg? • Try cutting an apple/banana/cake in half/quarter/thirds/quarters/fifths/sixths etc. • Go shopping in the sale – 10% of the price – work out the new cost of the item.
Ideas for Maths at Home • TIME • Ask children the time – 24 hour • How long until dinner/tv programme/school? Etc • Time a journey to see how long it takes • Look at a bus/train timetable and see how long they take • Read the instructions on food to see how long it take to cook – when will it be ready? • Recap days of the week and months regularly
Ideas for Maths at Home • MEASURE • Cook together and weigh out the ingredient – grams, Oz, ml • Estimate (guess) the distance you will drive and use the milometer to check who was closest. Will the next journey be shorter or longer? • Compare weights of items - which is lighter/heavier? • Use the scales at the supermarket – ask them to get 500g of apples etc. • Calculate the area and perimeter of a shape – which one is bigger/smaller?
Ideas for Maths at Home • SHAPE – 2D OR 3D • Look at shapes around your house and when you are out – cereal box, tissue box, coffee jar, post box, dustbin etc. • Count how many triangles/squares/cubes/ quadrilaterals/hexagons you can find – make it a competition – who can find the most? • Count the sides/corners/faces/ edges/vertices of a shape and work out what it is. • Play guess the object – I spy a 3D shape with 6 faces, 12 edges and 8 vertices. All the sides and angles are equal – what is it?
Ideas for Maths at Home • SPACE • Look at patterns with reflection – draw/colour half a shape and try and draw the reflection. • Use North, South, East, West, Forward, Right and Left when out walking. Try directing them to an object/prize – turn 90o walk forward 5 paces…
Ideas for Maths at Home • DATA • To count the number of red/black/yellow cars that you drive/walk past and record in a tally chart – put into a bar chart/pie graph • To discuss the likelihood of something happening: certain likely, even, unlikely, impossible • Measure the temperature every day/week and record the temperature in a table – line graph – discuss the differences in temperature.
Our Input • To continue to teach Mathematics in a fun and varied way. • To continue to encourage mathematical discussion and dialogue. • To continue to invest money in games, apparatus and ICT • To send home maths games weekly • To support you in assisting your child in mathematics.
Your Input • To use some of these ideas of how you could support you child at home and to add more. • To continue to increase mathematical discussion at home. • To work together weekly playing the maths game – using as much mathematical language as possible (use the white language sheet to help) • To make maths fun and enjoyable – work together and make it a game/challenge/competition rather than work • To use the internet at home if you have it. www.educationcity.com www.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk www.bbc.co.uk/schools/students www.bbc.co.uk/schools/ks1bitesize www.bbc.co.uk/schools/ks2bitesize www.samlearning.com
Ideas and Questions • Please let us know of any new ways in which we could support you in assisting your child's mathematics at home • Thank you for listening • Any questions?